Sol Jose Vanzi: EGGS, CULLS, AND YOLANDA SURVIVORS; Helping Palo, Leyte gets livelihood back, one egg at a time  

PHOTO: EGG-CITING Author turns over Antique egg cookbook to Palo mayor Remedios Petilla and the Pilmico officials. Last weekend hope came to thousands of Palo’s farmers, teachers, fishermen, and their families: The Egg Machine photo below, right, a sustainable and highly profitable invention which, with the support of the local government and Pilmico, promises to convert them from victims to entrepreneurs. Their collective effort aims to crown Palo the Egg Capital of Eastern Visayas. The Egg Machine is a scientifically designed system that calculates to the last centavo the cost of producing eggs for both family consumption and sale to the community. The hens each produce eggs for nearly two years, at which time a new set of layers is acquired and the whole cycle begins anew. One problem with the system is what to do with the old hens, or culls. When Palo mayor Remedios Petilla sought our help in coming up with profitable ideas, we gave simple, moneymaking suggestions useful for everyone.

CHICKEN PINEAPPLE HAM:Rub dressed culls inside and out with any tocino or ham mix. Keep refrigerated overnight or for at least three hours. Tie with string to retain shape. Simmer in a mixture of beer (or tuba), salt, pepper, fresh pineapple, smashed ginger, onions (or onion leaves), and bay leaves. The liquid should be enough to cover the chicken. Cook slowly until tender, from 60 to 90 minutes. Leave to cool in cooking liquid. Take out and allow to dry, then sprinkle with brown sugar and caramelize with a red-hot steel spatula, like the old method used for pork ham. Pack well with plastic wrap and keep in the freezer until ready to sell or consume. CHICKEN A LA PATA TIM * READ FULL REPORT...

ALSO: Palo, PILMICO distributes 25 egg machines to farmers in Yolanda-hit Palo town

PALO, Leyte, Aug. 3(PIA) –In its efforts to rise from the devastation brought about by typhoon Yolanda and to provide livelihood assistance to some residents as well, the local government unit of Palo, Leyte in partnership with some private entities conducted a livelihood Summit Sunday at the Municipal Grounds. The livelihood festival is one of the highlights of the 184th Fiesta celebration of the town on August 6. During the opening of the Livelihood Festival, PILMICO, a subsidiary of Aboitiz Group of Companies, led in the ceremonial turnover of twenty five (25) egg machines to the beneficiaries in order to provide them a sustainable livelihood to make them a self-producing poultry community. Along with the distribution of egg machines to identified recipients, PILMICO will also provide learning sessions to farmers to provide them background information on chickens and egg-laying as well as instructing them in the proper use of egg machines. * READ MORE...

ALSO according to the wiseGEEK: How Exactly do Chickens Lay Eggs? 

Believe it or not, the egg laying process for a chicken begins in its eye. Chickens lay eggs only after receiving a light cue, either from natural sunlight entering a coop or artificial light illuminating a commercial egg hatchery. The light stimulates a photo-receptive gland near the chicken's eye, which in turn triggers the release of an egg cell from the chicken's ovary. Most chickens lay eggs on an almost daily basis, unlike some other egg-laying animals which only release an egg every thirty days or so. The chicken also releases a small disk of material which surrounds the egg cell and provides nutrition. The chicken's uterus also fills up with albumen, the viscous substance we know better as egg white. Meanwhile, a membrane forms around the inside uterine wall, which seals in the egg cell, yolk and albumen. Eventually a mixture of water, salt and calcium surround this membrane and form a thin but structurally sturdy outer shell. This shell is molded in the shape of the uterine wall, thus giving a chicken's egg its distinctive shape. While in the uterus, the egg's narrower end points downward, but it will later turn and be ejected wider end first. * CONTINUE READING...


READ FULL MEDIA REPORTS HERE:

Eggs, culls, and Yolanda survivors


EGG-CITING Author turns over Antique egg cookbook to Palo mayor Remedios Petilla and the Pilmico officials.


Incumbent Palo Mayor Matin Petilla.
The Commission on Election (COMELEC), Palo Municipal Office receives the certificate of candidacy of the incumbent Palo Mayor Remedios “Matin” Petilla for her re-election bid. Helping the entire Paloanon to have a better life is the primary reason by Mayor Petilla seeks a second term as its local chief executive. “I am very excited to continue on providing services that would be benefited by the people of my town. I feel on myself that serving them is very important for it is my calling to do so,” she said. According to her, all the projects implemented by her administration on her first term serving as the mayor of Palo, would be pushed through on her second term.PHOTO COURTESY OF THE PALO COMMUNITY NEWS & EVENTS WEBSITE.

MANILA, AUGUST 11, 2014 (BULLETIN) by Sol Vanzi - Helping Palo, Leyte get its livelihood back, one egg at a time

Palo, Leyte, is where General Douglas MacArthur landed on October 20, 1944, defeating the Japanese Imperial Navy in the largest naval battle in the history of warfare.

It marked the beginning of the end for Japanese forces in the Pacific, and made Palo a must-visit tourist destination.

The Philippine government erected a memorial composed of bigger-than-life brass statues of the major personalities who waded ashore at Red Beach.

Eight months ago, the strongest typhoon in recorded history toppled one of the memorial’s statues while devastating Leyte and many other provinces.


The iconic General Douglas MacArthur monument

Residents of Palo were left with family members missing, no homes, no food, isolated by roads blocked with debris, their clothes muddy and tattered. Many said it was worse than their suffering during World War II.


The Egg Machine, which turns Yolanda survivors to entrepreneur

Last weekend hope came to thousands of Palo’s farmers, teachers, fishermen, and their families: The Egg Machine, a sustainable and highly profitable invention which, with the support of the local government and Pilmico, promises to convert them from victims to entrepreneurs.

Their collective effort aims to crown Palo the Egg Capital of Eastern Visayas.

The Egg Machine is a scientifically designed system that calculates to the last centavo the cost of producing eggs for both family consumption and sale to the community.

The hens each produce eggs for nearly two years, at which time a new set of layers is acquired and the whole cycle begins anew.

One problem with the system is what to do with the old hens, or culls.

When Palo mayor Remedios Petilla sought our help in coming up with profitable ideas, we gave simple, moneymaking suggestions useful for everyone.

CHICKEN PINEAPPLE HAM

Rub dressed culls inside and out with any tocino or ham mix. Keep refrigerated overnight or for at least three hours. Tie with string to retain shape. Simmer in a mixture of beer (or tuba), salt, pepper, fresh pineapple, smashed ginger, onions (or onion leaves), and bay leaves. The liquid should be enough to cover the chicken. Cook slowly until tender, from 60 to 90 minutes. Leave to cool in cooking liquid.

Take out and allow to dry, then sprinkle with brown sugar and caramelize with a red-hot steel spatula, like the old method used for pork ham. Pack well with plastic wrap and keep in the freezer until ready to sell or consume.

CHICKEN A LA PATA TIM

Tie dressed cull with string all around to retain shape. Simmer in water flavored with dark soy sauce, beer or tuba, salt, whole peppercorn, a few pieces star anise (sangke), three thumb-size knobs smashed fresh ginger, a handful of green onions, and ¼ cup sugar.

Cook slowly from 60-90 minutes. Allow to cool in cooking liquid. Drain and pack in plastic wrap and freeze. Also freeze packs of cooking liquid, to serve as sauce.

CRISPY-FLAKED ADOBO

Cut culls into large pieces: Whole breast, two pieces legs (keep drumsticks and thighs together), wings, and neck. Rub pieces with dark soy sauce and fry in hot oil until skins are golden.

Add crushed garlic to oil and stir until light brown, then pour in adobo seasonings: dark soy sauce, vinegar, coarse black pepper, bay leaves, and enough water to cover. Simmer until tender, and allow to cool in cooking liquid.

Separate bones from skin and meat. Discard the bones. Return meat and skin to cooking liquid and allow to boil uncovered to thicken the gravy.

Cool and flake (shred with your hands) the meat, slice skin into thin strips. Fry in chicken fat skimmed from cooking liquid, adding more cooking oil if necessary. Pack and freeze in 100-gram portions for retail.

FROM THE PHILIPPINE INFORMATION AGENCY WEBSITE


EGG-LAYING MACHINE

Palo, PILMICO distributes 25 egg machines to farmers in Yolanda-hit Palo town BY: CONSUELO B. ALARCON Monday 4th of August 2014

PALO, Leyte, Aug. 3(PIA) –In its efforts to rise from the devastation brought about by typhoon Yolanda and to provide livelihood assistance to some residents as well, the local government unit of Palo, Leyte in partnership with some private entities conducted a livelihood Summit Sunday at the Municipal Grounds.

The livelihood festival is one of the highlights of the 184th Fiesta celebration of the town on August 6.

During the opening of the Livelihood Festival, PILMICO, a subsidiary of Aboitiz Group of Companies, led in the ceremonial turnover of twenty five (25) egg machines to the beneficiaries in order to provide them a sustainable livelihood to make them a self-producing poultry community.

Along with the distribution of egg machines to identified recipients, PILMICO will also provide learning sessions to farmers to provide them background information on chickens and egg-laying as well as instructing them in the proper use of egg machines.

The egg machine kit includes a pen with 48 ready-to-lay hens that can produce eggs ready for consumption and ready for sale which in a few years can provide the province and the whole region with high-quality local eggs.

Along this development, Palo Mayor Remedios L. Petilla expressed her gratitude to Amor Maclang, Director of Terra Firma Consortium and the PILMICO for helping the residents rebuild their lives by engaging in poultry business and eventually become entrepreneurs.

It is expected that through this livelihood assistance, farmers in Palo particularly survivors of typhoon Yolanda will rise from the devastation of the super typhoon. (AJC/CBA/PIA-8)

ACCORDING TO THE WISE GEEK

How Exactly do Chickens Lay Eggs?

Believe it or not, the egg laying process for a chicken begins in its eye. Chickens lay eggs only after receiving a light cue, either from natural sunlight entering a coop or artificial light illuminating a commercial egg hatchery.

The light stimulates a photo-receptive gland near the chicken's eye, which in turn triggers the release of an egg cell from the chicken's ovary.

Most chickens lay eggs on an almost daily basis, unlike some other egg-laying animals which only release an egg every thirty days or so. The chicken also releases a small disk of material which surrounds the egg cell and provides nutrition.

The chicken's uterus also fills up with albumen, the viscous substance we know better as egg white.

Meanwhile, a membrane forms around the inside uterine wall, which seals in the egg cell, yolk and albumen. Eventually a mixture of water, salt and calcium surround this membrane and form a thin but structurally sturdy outer shell.

This shell is molded in the shape of the uterine wall, thus giving a chicken's egg its distinctive shape. While in the uterus, the egg's narrower end points downward, but it will later turn and be ejected wider end first.

* Once the egg has fully formed, the chicken's uterus begins to contract in an effort to expel it. The egg moves down a vaginal canal towards an external opening known as a vent. The vent is a common opening for both egg laying and waste elimination, but a chicken cannot perform both functions at the same time.

An internal flap known as a cloaca keeps the vaginal canal and the intestinal track separate until either an egg or excrement reach the vent. When a chicken is laying an egg, the cloaca descends and blocks the intestinal track.

Once the egg passes the cloaca, it is carefully expelled through a series of muscular contractions which essentially turn the vaginal canal and cloaca inside out at one point. Eventually the egg is pushed out through the vent and ideally lands intact on the ground. Many chickens let out an audible cluck at this point, but designated egg layers rarely display any other maternal concern.

These chickens lay eggs every 24 to 36 hours at the height of their productive years, so individual eggs rarely attract their attention.

Once a chicken lays a certain number of eggs, it may stop producing more eggs and go into a "brooding" stage, a maternal stage in which the mother will sit on her eggs until they hatch. In order to prevent egg layers from brooding, freshly laid eggs must be removed on a daily basis.

Chickens lay eggs as long as they believe they need more to form a proper brood. The egg laying process continues whether or not a rooster provides enough sperm for fertilization.

A chicken cannot tell if an individual egg has been successfully fertilized or not. [SOURCE: THE WISE GEEK: http://www.wisegeek.org/how-exactly-do-chickens-lay-eggs.htm]

SOL JOSE VANZI'S CORNER
LIFESTYLE COLUMNIST OF THE MANILA DAILY BULLETIN & PANORAMA
'TIMPLA'T TIKIM'


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