(PHILSTAR) By Jess Diaz - Thousands of human rights victims during the Marcos regime will be paid reparation within two years.

Under Republic Act No. 10368, a Human Rights Victims’ Claims Board will be created with its members to be appointed by President Aquino.

The board will be composed of a chairperson and eight members. They must be of known probity, competence and integrity, and must have a deep knowledge of human rights and involvement in efforts against human rights violations committed during martial law.

At least three board members should be lawyers with at least 10 years of practice. Their rank, salary, emoluments, and allowances will be equivalent to those of a presiding justice of the Court of Appeals, in the case of the board’s chair, and associate justice, in the case of its members.

Though it will be an independent and a quasi-judicial board, it shall be attached to but not under the Commission on Human Rights.

The law gives the claims panel only two years to finish processing and settling all claims for reparation. It will cease to exist after that.

The law sets aside P10 billion in Marcos assets turned over by the Swiss government, including its interest, for the settling of compensation claims.

Out of the funds, the claims board is given P10 million to P50 million a year for operational expenses.

Some P500 million will be taken from the P10 billion for a memorial, museum or library to be established in honor and in memory of human rights victims.

Human rights victims will have to apply for recognition and reparation with the claims board within six months; otherwise, they will be considered to have waived their claim.

Those who filed a class suit against the Marcoses and won a favorable judgment from the federation district court of Honolulu, Hawaii will be conclusively presumed to be human rights victims.

At least three members of Congress were among victims of human rights violations during the Marcos regime. They are Sen. Joker Arroyo and Representatives Jerry Treñas of Iloilo City and Neri Colmenares of Bayan Muna.

Arroyo has said that he is not interested in compensation and that all he wants is recognition that he suffered under martial law.

Colmenares said he would give whatever amount he receives to human rights groups, while Treñas said he would accept reparation since it would be a “moral victory on my part.” ..


Time to act more like a President, Aquino urged By Tina Arceo-Dumlao Philippine Daily Inquirer

It’s time to act more like a President and less like P-Noy (President Aquino’s nickname).

According to consultant Peter Wallace, head of The Wallace Business Forum, President Aquino deserves high marks for his administration’s consistent fight against graft and corruption that has enhanced business confidence and made him a highly popular leader.

But much more needs to be done if the Philippines is to break through the poverty trap, and unfortunately, Mr. Aquino does not seem committed and enthusiastic enough to see these needed reforms through, putting his considerable political capital to waste, Wallace said.

According to Wallace, Mr. Aquino’s consistently high net satisfaction rating—at 68 percent as of end-August, according to the Social Weather Stations—has made him a very popular figure, and that popularity translates into coveted political capital.

“President Aquino can use that political capital to make tough, unpopular decisions. Why doesn’t he?” Wallace said at yesterday’s meeting to mark the business forum’s 30th anniversary.

Not enough

Wallace said during his presentation to business and government leaders that Mr. Aquino should realize that leadership was a full-time job, not just from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

“It is time for him to do two jobs. He is the President, not P-Noy,” Wallace said.

According to the group’s latest Quarterly Perception Survey, while 68 percent of respondents said the President was doing a good/excellent job and that he was making tough decisions needed for reforms, 41.7 percent said the efforts “were not enough.”

There were also respondents who said the President was only giving a “moderate effort” to support business and only “somewhat” aggressive in pushing for reforms needed to improve business conditions.

Wallace recommended that Mr. Aquino exercise his considerable political will to get vital infrastructure built; spend the money the budget department had disbursed to spur economic growth; resolve the open-pit mining ban that had put a damper on mining activity; and upgrade the air safety ranking of the Philippines.

It is also important to quickly resolve the Maguindanao massacre case and other cases of extrajudicial killings.

Record jump

“Except for a couple of changes, the political will to get things done is lacking,” Wallace said.

Wallace, however, said that despite some shortcomings, business confidence and optimism that weren’t there under former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo were now present and policy changes had taken place.

Bidding for government projects is now more transparent and competitive; handling of government-owned and -controlled corporations has been reformed; the budget for the conditional cash transfer (CCT) program has increased; and pocket open skies has been implemented, allowing airlines to freely land in airports outside Metro Manila.

Wallace also cited the improvement in the ranking of the Philippines in the Global Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum by 22 places since 2009; an improvement in the ranking of the Corruption Perception Index; the record jump in the stock exchange composite index by 64 percent from the time Aquino came to power; credit rating upgrades; the increase in tourist arrivals; and an increase in rice output.

Trickle of investments

Improvements in the business environment, however, have been found wanting. The Philippines does not rank high in ease of starting a business, global perceptions and trade logistics.

“It is business that is not getting the attention needed,” said Wallace.

This is reflected in part in the trickle of foreign direct investment (FDI). The Philippines so far only recorded $2.3 billion worth of FDI from 2011 to the first half of 2012, compared to

$57.4 billion in Singapore, $27.5 billion in Indonesia and $10.6 billion in Thailand.

Mr. Aquino is doing more reforms on the social front.

Wallace said the successful impeachment of Chief Justice Renato Corona had “strengthened him considerably” and that “could be the beginning of a true cleanup of many other scandals by his many other people.”

Mr. Aquino’s no “wang-wang” policy has also brought about important societal change.

Unsolicited advice

Wallace, however, stressed that sustaining the high approval rating could not be ensured as there were many factors that could bring it down.

These include the rise of hunger and poverty incidence; failure to address unemployment; disappointing implementation of the flagship public-private partnership (PPP) program; failure to address the Mindanao power shortage; and the defeat of administration candidates in the 2013 senatorial elections.

Former President Fidel Ramos, who was the guest of honor at the meeting, offered similar “unsolicited” advice to President Aquino, saying a president should work 25/8 and not just 24/7 because of the demands of the job.

“You have to juggle 10 balls at the same time and make sure that you do not drop any,” the 84-year-old Ramos said. “You have to do multitasking and you have to go down to the grassroots. You also have to market our economy abroad. That is my humble suggestion. At this point, it is take it or leave it.”

Ramos told the Inquirer that Filipinos should rally around Aquino to make sure he succeeded.

“The way I look at it, he is the skipper of our one and only ship, the MV Pilipinas, and we are all on board. So we must help the skipper and the crew,” Ramos said. “First we have to make sure the ship is seaworthy and going in the right direction and then strong enough to compete against other ships.”

Ramos said he would like Mr. Aquino “to act like a skipper and lead by example” as he seemed to be lacking in terms of motivation and commitment.

He said, however, that he was confident and optimistic about the country’s prospects under

Mr. Aquino. “Kaya natin ito! (We can do this),” Ramos said, flashing his familiar thumbs-up sign.

Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

All rights reserved