MANILA, July 8, 2005
(TRIBUNE) By Amita O. Legaspi - Beleaguered President Gloria Arroyo went on the offensive Thursday, charging that critics seeking to oust her on vote fraud claims are unfit to rule and out to derail her pro-poor reforms.

Mrs. Arroyo is fighting for her political life amid allegations she rigged the May 2004 vote, a controversy that has triggered daily street protests, battered financial

markets and fueled talk of a military takeover.

But Mrs. Arroyo openly criticized her detractors for seeking to scuttle her pro-poor economic reform agenda.

“People asked, can I govern?,” she said during an awards ceremony for exemplary women and members of the police force.

“Yes, I can govern, and I am governing, whereas our opponents can only sit down and raise controversies at the expense of our poor, because they seek to turn down our society.”

She added: “Our opponents have no platform, they have no complete and viable plan for the poor. They only find the time to plan to reverse progress. This is the most cynical manipulation of hard-working and caring Filipinos.”

But the latest Pulse Asia survey whose results were made public two days ago, showed definitively that the public believes there are alternatives to her, among whom, on the opposition side, the detained leader President, Joseph Estrada, with a 19 percent acceptability as an alternative leader, with even a gain of 40 percent political capital, should he return to the position, on a transition basis.

Sen. Panfilo Lacson came in second, with 16 percent and from the administration side, Vice President Noli de Castro with a “soft” 30 percent, owing to his position as constitutional successor.

The survey also disclosed that on the issue of the best person to lead the country, Mrs. Arroyo was with the cellar-dwellers, earning an 8 percent vote, Chief Justice Hilario Davide, with a 5 percent vote, Brother Eddie Villanueva, Jesus is Lord leader, four percent; Fidel Ramos, at 3 percent acceptance, and Fortunato Abat, at .05 percent acceptance.

The surveys also said a majority of the Filipinos want Arroyo to step down.

The leading De La Salle University urged her to provide the Filipinos “with a more substantive explanation and more convincing proof that she did not in any way participate in electoral fraud”.

“Anything less puts her legitimacy in question,” it said, calling for Mrs. Arroyo to “voluntarily relinquish power.”

But Malacañang yesterday questioned the veracity and reliability of surveys being conducted by private research groups particularly the latest from Pulse Asia showing the continuous plunge of President Arroyo's rating, saying the results of the polls do not represent the sentiment of the majority of the Filipinos.

Press Secretary and presidential spokesman Ignacio Bunye said that only 1,200 Filipinos were surveyed out of the 85 million population of the country.

He said the number of the respondents represents only a small fraction of the whole nation, adding the result of the survey was such because the supporters of Mrs. Arroyo were not included as respondents.

Bunye believes that not one of the 5,000 barangay leaders of Manila was included in the survey, even the 14 mayors in Metro Manila had thrown their support to Mrs. Arroyo, including Manila Mayor Lito Atienza and Quezon City Mayor Feliciano Belmonte.

He said he was sure that Puerto Princesa Mayor Edward Hagedorn, Alaminos, Pangasinan Mayor Hernani Braganza, Davao City Mayor Rodrigo Duterte and Mabalacat Mayor Cardino Morales were not surveyed.

But independent think-tank Ibon Foundation expected the Palace reaction on the survey.

Ibon researcher director Antonio Tujan told the Tribune the Palace is already known for flip-flopping on what it says.

He noted that Malacañang does not complain and even use the surveys conducted by research groups when the results favor them but when the contrary happens and the results are unfavorable to Mrs. Arroyo, Malacañang attacks the survey and even the research group.

Tujan stressed the respondents tapped for the survey represents the whole population even if they are small in number because they were chosen scientifically.

He explained different modes of sampling, random sampling for example, a researcher could have a scientifically acceptable number or estimation.

Pulse Asia on Wednesday released a survey showing more than half, or specifically 61 percent, of Filipinos favoring an alternative scenario that excludes Mrs. Arroyo.

The survey was taken before Mrs. Arroyo's admission that she had talked to an election commissioner during the 2004 presidential election.

The survey was conducted from June 20 to 23 across the Philippines. It also found out that 48 percent of the respondents believed the President should resign.

Almost half of the respondents said Mrs. Arroyo did not win the 2004 election, compared to 22 percent who said she did.

“For mostly everyone, an unprecedented sense of deterioration of being a 'loser' in their quality of life over the past year combines with an equally unprecedented sense of pessimism for the coming year,” Pulse Asia said.

The survey also found Estrada eclipsing his old nemesis. AFP


(INQUIRER) The following is President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s address, July 7, 2005 (Updated 00:06am Mla time )

Mga Minamahal kong kababayan.

When I was young and my late father Diosdado Macapagal was president of our country, I thought of him as the "good guy" and his political opponents on the other side were the "bad guys".

Because of my father's influence, I had always thought of myself as on the side of the good. Thus, it is very painful for me to know that among many of our countrymen today, I have been demonized as the "bad guy." This is unfair, but it is a cross that God in His wisdom has given me to bear, so I will bear it. I have never questioned God's ways before, and I will not do so now.

When I first entered politics in 1992, little did I know that within a decade, I would become president of our country. And little did I expect that within another five years, there would be calls from civil society for my resignation from office or for the formation of a "Truth Commission" regarding some of my political actuations.

When I spoke before the nation some two weeks ago, I did so against the advice of my legal counsel. But I thought that speaking before you, the Filipino people, was the right thing to do. Shameless people have peddled the lie that I confessed to cheating. What I disclosed was that I talked to an election official. But that this had taken place after the certificates of canvas had already been used to proclaim the winning senators, and it was those same certificates of canvass that showed that I won by around a million votes. That is the truth.

Indeed, it is right for our country to confront the truth, but if we do so, let's confront the biggest, most painful political truth. The big truth that we are aware of deep in our hearts, but that we collectively sweep under the rug. The big truth whose debilitating effects on our country, year after year, decade after decade, have developed into feelings of disgust, hopelessness and even despair among large segments of our society.

The truth that I discovered from my beginnings as a neophyte politician in 1992, rising to become a veteran politician through the years, is this: over the years, our political system has degenerated to such an extent that it is very difficult to live within the system with hands totally untainted. That is the truth. In addition, our system has degenerated to such an extent that more often than not, it is political agenda first, and national interest last. For example, we have endless investigations and scandals in aid of political and media projection, rather than in aid of legislation or executive action. That is the truth. Because of this system of politics, our country has been left behind by other countries in the region, and our best and brightest, the cream of our youth, are voting with their feet to leave the country. That is the truth.

I do not blame any individual or political block for this sad state of affairs. It is simply the truth that the political system that I am part of has degenerated to the point that it needs fundamental change. We are collectively to blame, so we must collectively be the solution. Let he who is without sin, cast the stone. To those who feel that they cannot cast the first stone, I invite you to help in the solution.

My proposed approach to reform our system of politics and governance is something that I had wanted to bring forth during the upcoming state of the nation address. However, because our country is hungry for a resolution to the political uncertainties that have plagued us these past few weeks, I will bring it up now.

First of all, I am not resigning my office. To do so under circumstances that connote an EDSA 3 would condemn any successor to the possibility of an EDSA 4, then an EDSA 5, and so on, unless our political system were first reformed to make it more responsive to the people's will, such that changes in leadership come about in an orderly and stable manner.

The world embraced EDSA 1 in 1986. The world tolerated EDSA 2 in 2001. The world will not forgive an EDSA 3 in 2005, but would instead condemn the Philippines as a country whose political system is hopelessly unstable. And the Filipinos as among the finest people in the world, but who always shoot themselves in the foot. Under those circumstances, who would invest money in the Philippines? How would we weather the difficulties arising from the price of crude oil being at its highest in history?

What I intend to do is to work with legislators and civil groups who believe that changes in the fundamental law of the land are necessary in order to confront such basic issues as federalism, the character of our legislative process, reducing red tape in government processes, running for public office under a true party system and with less need to raise campaign funds, modernizing the economic provisions of our constitution, and so forth.

At the same time, I will restructure and strengthen the cabinet, giving it a free hand to meanwhile reform and manage our day to day governance with as little political interference as possible, even from me.

This is how we will proceed.

First, I'm asking my entire cabinet to tender their resignation in order to give the executive a free hand to reorganize itself. I'll ask our sectors to give me the names of candidates that we can invite to replace those who will not return to the cabinet, or even to help out at other levels of the executive.

Second, the cabinet will be given a free hand on governance, while I focus on the fundamental changes that we need to put in place.

Third, I will begin to reach out to the political and civil sectors that have an interest in the various advocacies that are relevant to our constitution. Federalism, for example, is an advocacy that I had espoused long ago.

This is neither political ploy nor gimmick. I believe that this process will quickly lay the foundation for deep reforms in our society, including reforms in our political way of life. This would be a legacy that our generation of politicians and citizens could collectively be proud of. I now have grand children to play with and to help bring up. Like all of you, I want our children to grow up in a better Philippines. I have prayed on this, and I hope that I have discerned God's will properly.

Maraming salamat sa inyong lahat.

©2005 all rights reserved

Reported by: Sol Jose Vanzi

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