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EDITORIALS & OPINIONS OF THE WEEK:
(Mini Reads followed by Full news commentary)

FROM GMA NEWS NETWORK

STUDY: DADS PREFER QUALTY TIME OVER MATERIAL GIFTS


JUNE 19 -The McCann study also showed that two-thirds of respondents want their children to be happy and only one percent said that wealth is important.
The typical dad is often depicted as stern and rarely present regardless of social class, age, or other details in their background. In an interview for GMA News' News To Go on Friday, Mark De Joya of McCann Worldgroup Philippines shared the results of a survey they conducted to find out if this archetype is true for the Filipino dad. Through an online survey of over a hundred respondents combined with one-on-one interviews with a select range of "non-traditional" fathers (gay fathers, OFW fathers, teen fathers, single fathers, et cetera), they had a sense of the new attitudes and behaviors of the current trends in parenting. "Compared to the traditional role na ang mga daddy ay pang-discipline lang, today's dads are very proud—sila ang directors of fun," De Joya said and added that these fathers decide on what activity to do on weekends or what movies the family should watch. OFW fathers, in particular, favor shared experience over material gifts. Meanwhile, husbands left by their OFW wives become "Google" for their kids. "Whenever the child has questions, the husband or the father is the only one they can run to," De Joya explained. "The father, kung dati medyo may distance, he is now the source for intellectual answers and also emotional answers." The McCann study also showed that two-thirds of respondents want their children to be happy and only one percent said that wealth is important. Their data also showed that two-thirds of their respondents want their children to be happy and only 1 percent said that wealth is important. "Nag-iba na ang ambition nila for the children. Happiness ang goal nila. At kung nag-iba ang goal, obviously pati 'yung parenting style magbabago din," he added. READ MORE...

ALSO: By XIAO CHUA  - Rizal Law @60: Anyare?!


JUNE 14 -The 60th year of the historic Rizal Law or Republic Act 1425 passed without much fanfare last Independence Day 2016. Its main goal was to inculcate nationalism by developing moral character, personal discipline, civic conscience, and the teaching of duties of citizenship. Did it succeed? Six years ago, Araw ng Kasarinlan, June 12, 1956, pinirmahan ni Pangulong Ramon Magsaysay ang Republic Act 1425, na nagtatakda na kailangang mailagay sa curricula ng lahat ng pampubliko at pribadong mga paaralan, kolehiyo at mga unibersidad ang mga kurso ukol sa buhay, mga akda at mga sinulat ni Jose Rizal, lalo na ang mga nobelang Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo. Ito ang dahilan kung bakit noong hayskul tayo ay pinag-aralan natin ang Noli at El Fili, at sa kolehiyo, required ang Rizal course. Tunguhin ng batas: Pagmamahal sa bayan Ano ba ang layunin ng batas na ito? Well, ang unang whereas provision ng batas ay nagsasabi na kailangang muling ialay ang sarili sa ideals ng kalayaan at nasyunalismo, “for which our heroes lived and died.” Sa diwa, hindi lamang pala si Rizal ang pinapahalagahan ng kurso. Ito ay kurso ukol sa mga bayani. Kurso ito ukol sa kabayanihan. Gayundin, ang mga ginawa at sinulat daw ni Rizal ay palagian daw na bukal ng pagkamakabayan na dapat ituro sa mga bata. In short, after the course, dapat mahal na ng bata ang bayan. Bakit malaking bagay sa mga pangunahing may-akda ng batas na sina Senador Claro Mayo Recto at dating pangulo, Senador Jose Paciano Laurel ang pagsusulong ng nasyunalismo sa pamamagitan ni Rizal? Ito ay dahil noong 1956, tila patuloy na lumalawak ang interes ng Amerika sa kabila ng kasarinlan. Ang kultura at pulitika natin ay nakagapos sa interes ng Estados Unidos. Nagiging Brown Americans of Asia na tayo at baka mawala ang ating pagmamahal sa bayan. Magising na lang tayo na mga Amerikano na tayo at wala na ang pagka-Pilipino natin. Ang pagkontra ng Simbahang Katoliko Ayon din sa batas, dapat raw ay ipabasa sa mga bata ang unexpurgated o walang putol na bersyon ng Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo. Ito ang dahilan kung bakit mariing tinutulan ng Simbahang Katoliko ang pagkapasa ng batas. Biruin mo, ang mga debate noon para sa batas ay kasing init at emosyunal nang nangyari noon sa Reproductive Health Law. READ MORE...

ALSO: WATCH Lady Gaga in tears during tribute for the slain in Orlando

 
JUNE 15 -"They are sons and daughters. They're fathers and mothers. They are all our brothers and our sisters." Lady Gaga was in tears at a vigil for the victims of the shooting at Pulse, a nightclub in Orlando, Florida. The singer is an icon for the LGBT community and her single "Born This Way" became an anthem in the face of discrimination and homophobia. Numerous videos of her speech at the vigil were shared on Instagram and other social media platforms where she is seen dressed down, far from her usual glamorous style. "Tonight, I gather humbly with you as a human being, in peace, in sincerity, in commitment, in solidarity to take a real moment and mourn the tragic loss of these innocent beautiful people," she said. "Let's all, today, pledge an allegiance to them and to their family who are suffering so deeply." READ MORE....INSTAGRAM POST...

ALSO: Well-timed exercise might improve learning -Dutch experiment


JUNE 18 -Aerobic exercise four hours after a memorization task, but not exercise right afterwards, was linked to improved recall in a series of Dutch experiments. Newly-learned information turns into long-term knowledge through a process of stabilization and integration of memories, the study team writes in Current Biology. This requires certain brain chemicals that are also released during physical exercise, including dopamine, noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and a growth factor called BDNF, they explain. “The brain processes new memories for a while after learning. Physical exercise is able to improve these post-learning processes,” senior author Guillen Fernandez, director of the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behavior in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, told Reuters Health by email. To explore when exercise would most improve learning, researchers recruited 72 participants and tasked them with learning to match a series of 90 locations with pictures over a 40-minute period. The participants were split into three groups: one group exercised immediately after learning, one group exercised four hours later and one group did not exercise at all. The exercise groups did interval training for 35 minutes on a stationary bike, including spurts at maximum intensity. READ MORE...


READ FULL MEDIA REPORTS HERE:

Dads prefer quality time over material gifts —McCann study Published June 17, 2016 2:46pm


The McCann study also showed that two-thirds of respondents want their children to be happy and only one percent said that wealth is important.

MANILA, JUNE 20, 2016 (GMA NEWS) The typical dad is often depicted as stern and rarely present regardless of social class, age, or other details in their background. In an interview for GMA News' News To Go on Friday, Mark De Joya of McCann Worldgroup Philippines shared the results of a survey they conducted to find out if this archetype is true for the Filipino dad.

Through an online survey of over a hundred respondents combined with one-on-one interviews with a select range of "non-traditional" fathers (gay fathers, OFW fathers, teen fathers, single fathers, et cetera), they had a sense of the new attitudes and behaviors of the current trends in parenting.

"Compared to the traditional role na ang mga daddy ay pang-discipline lang, today's dads are very proud—sila ang directors of fun," De Joya said and added that these fathers decide on what activity to do on weekends or what movies the family should watch.

OFW fathers, in particular, favor shared experience over material gifts. Meanwhile, husbands left by their OFW wives become "Google" for their kids.

"Whenever the child has questions, the husband or the father is the only one they can run to," De Joya explained. "The father, kung dati medyo may distance, he is now the source for intellectual answers and also emotional answers."

The McCann study also showed that two-thirds of respondents want their children to be happy and only one percent said that wealth is important.

Their data also showed that two-thirds of their respondents want their children to be happy and only 1 percent said that wealth is important.

"Nag-iba na ang ambition nila for the children. Happiness ang goal nila. At kung nag-iba ang goal, obviously pati 'yung parenting style magbabago din," he added.

READ MORE...

Gay fathers, on the other hand, have an "adaptability" advantage. De Joya said that they enjoy the best of both worlds, shifting from nurturing to disciplinarian as they perform the function of both mother and father.

What De Joya lamented was the pervasiveness of stereotypes. He pointed to the wealth of resources for mothers. Women can easily go online and find support in community forums. Fathers are not as inclined to depend on technology.

"In fact, almost 60 percent will say they would rather talk to their friends or barkada for help on how to be a parent for both sides. Half will talk to their own mothers as well," he said.

Still, De Joya said, "sharenting" or both parents carrying the load of parenting is a phenomenon that is gaining traction. —Aya Tantiangco/KG, GMA News

 
The McCann study Interview


Rizal Law @60: Anyare?! Published June 14, 2016 1:45pm Updated June 14, 2016 1:51pm By XIAO CHUA

The 60th year of the historic Rizal Law or Republic Act 1425 passed without much fanfare last Independence Day 2016. Its main goal was to inculcate nationalism by developing moral character, personal discipline, civic conscience, and the teaching of duties of citizenship. Did it succeed?

Six years ago, Araw ng Kasarinlan, June 12, 1956, pinirmahan ni Pangulong Ramon Magsaysay ang Republic Act 1425, na nagtatakda na kailangang mailagay sa curricula ng lahat ng pampubliko at pribadong mga paaralan, kolehiyo at mga unibersidad ang mga kurso ukol sa buhay, mga akda at mga sinulat ni Jose Rizal, lalo na ang mga nobelang Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo. Ito ang dahilan kung bakit noong hayskul tayo ay pinag-aralan natin ang Noli at El Fili, at sa kolehiyo, required ang Rizal course.

Tunguhin ng batas: Pagmamahal sa bayan

Ano ba ang layunin ng batas na ito? Well, ang unang whereas provision ng batas ay nagsasabi na kailangang muling ialay ang sarili sa ideals ng kalayaan at nasyunalismo, “for which our heroes lived and died.” Sa diwa, hindi lamang pala si Rizal ang pinapahalagahan ng kurso. Ito ay kurso ukol sa mga bayani. Kurso ito ukol sa kabayanihan.

Gayundin, ang mga ginawa at sinulat daw ni Rizal ay palagian daw na bukal ng pagkamakabayan na dapat ituro sa mga bata. In short, after the course, dapat mahal na ng bata ang bayan.

Bakit malaking bagay sa mga pangunahing may-akda ng batas na sina Senador Claro Mayo Recto at dating pangulo, Senador Jose Paciano Laurel ang pagsusulong ng nasyunalismo sa pamamagitan ni Rizal? Ito ay dahil noong 1956, tila patuloy na lumalawak ang interes ng Amerika sa kabila ng kasarinlan. Ang kultura at pulitika natin ay nakagapos sa interes ng Estados Unidos. Nagiging Brown Americans of Asia na tayo at baka mawala ang ating pagmamahal sa bayan. Magising na lang tayo na mga Amerikano na tayo at wala na ang pagka-Pilipino natin.

Ang pagkontra ng Simbahang Katoliko

Ayon din sa batas, dapat raw ay ipabasa sa mga bata ang unexpurgated o walang putol na bersyon ng Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo. Ito ang dahilan kung bakit mariing tinutulan ng Simbahang Katoliko ang pagkapasa ng batas. Biruin mo, ang mga debate noon para sa batas ay kasing init at emosyunal nang nangyari noon sa Reproductive Health Law.

READ MORE...

Natakot ang simbahan na kapag binasa raw ng walang putol ng mga bata ang mga nobela ni Rizal, maaari raw silang mawalan ng pananampalataya sa simbahan dahil sa mga pagtuligsa at pagkuwestiyon ni Rizal sa mga prayle sa Pilipinas at sa doktrina. Isinulat ang mga nobela sa panaho ng kolonyalismo. Baka raw maisip ng mga bata na gayon pa rin ang kaso noong 1956. Ayon sa ilan, patay na si Rizal ay nais pang patahimikin muli.

Sinong mag-aakala na pag-aawayan si Rizal? Nariyan ang mga pro-Catholic groups tulad ng Knights of Columbus at iba pa. Nariyan naman ang mga pro-Rizal na sinamahan ng mga grupo ng kabataan, Veteranos de la Revolucion, Alagad in Rizal, mga Mason, at mga Knights of Rizal.

Sa sobrang init ng debate sa mababang kapulungan, dalawang kongresista, si Emilio Cortez ng Pampanga na maka-Rizal at si Ramon Durano ng Cebu ay bigla na lamang nagsapakan sa Kongreso. Na nagbati rin naman kapagdaka.

Nag-walk-out naman sa isang misa si Manila Mayor Arsenio Lacson nang magbasa ang pari ng pastoral letter mula sa Arsobispo na tumutuligsa sa panukalang batas, isang pastoral letter na ang mga kopya ay sinunog naman ng 3,000 kabataan sa may Plaza Miranda sa harapan mismo ng Simbahan ng Quiapo.

Nagbanta ang mga paaralang Katoliko na magsasara sila kung ipapasa nila ang Batas. Sagot ni Recto, isara ninyo at nang magawa sila ng pamahalaan na mga pampublikong paaralan. Ang iba naman ay nanakot na hindi na sila maihahalal sa susunod na halalan, ngunit hindi natinag si Recto. 'Yan ang political will, hindi 'yung nag-aabsent kapag botohan na.

Ito ang inabot na away para lamang maipasa ang isang batas na ang bottomline ay ituro sa kabataan ang pagmamahal sa bansa pero ngayon hindi na pinahahalagahan.

Anyare?!

Ayon sa Batas Rizal, liban sa pagkakaroon ng sapat na kopya sa mga aklatan ng bansa ng mga kopya ng buhay at mga sinulat ni Rizal, maaari ka ring humingi ng kopya ng mga nobela ni Rizal sa mga pamahalaang pambarangay. Subukan kaya natin ito ngayon?

Gayundin, maaaring sulatan ang mga kinauukulan kung nais ng isang estudyante na ma-exempt sa pangangailangan na basahin ang mga nobela ni Rizal sa relihiyosong mga kadahilanan, ngunit kailangan pa ring kunin at tapusin ang kurso.

Ngunit sa pagkawala ng Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo sa hayskul, maipapabasa pa kaya sa kolehiyo ang Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterismo sa loob ng isang semestre gayong napakarami nang pinag-aaralan sa kursong Rizal? Sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas tinawag itong subject na Philippine Institutions 100, o P.I. 100. Kaya biru-biruan ng mga estudyante noon, “P.I. 100 times.”

Ang iba, ginagamit ang Rizal Course para lalo pang siraan si Rizal.

Tanong ni Joey Vargas, isang artist, sa isang panayam para sa dokumentaryong Ang Tao sa Piso ni Matt Baguinon, “Kung papaano nga ba kagaling ang mga guro na nagtuturo tungkol sa kanya ngayon? Dahil kung magagaling silang nagtuturo tungkol sa kanya, mapupunta sila sa usapin ng pagmamahal sa bansa? Kung maging magaling ang mga guro, then probably makaka-impluwensya si Rizal. Pero ngayon, hindi ko alam, I think of textbooks of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo being treated na may guide questions which I don’t find successful.”

Siguradong maraming guro at paaralan sa buong Pilipinas ang maayos na nagpapatupad ng Batas Rizal at nagtuturo ng Rizal Course. Subalit, mahigit kalahating dekada ng implementasyon nito, nagtagumpay ba ang Batas Rizal na ipunla ang pagmamahal sa bayan? Lalo bang mahal ng mga Pilipino ang kanilang bayan? Nagkaroon ba ng nasyunalismo?

May mga nagsasabi na kailangan pa ba natin ang Batas Rizal e iba na ang panahon? Iba ang panahon ni Rizal at nina Recto at Laurel sa panahon ngayon. Subalit kung tutuusin, nakaharap pa rin ba tayo sa kolonyal na kaisipan at impluwensya? Mayroon pa bang nang-aapi at nagsasamantala sa bayan? Mayroon pa bang mga Sisa na nababaliw dahil sa kahirapan ng buhay?

Ayon kay Dean Gloria Santos ng Philippine Historical Association bago namatay, bahagi sa krimen ng pagkabigo ng Batas Rizal na maipunla ang nasyunalismo ang mga guro ng kasaysayan dahil hindi nila naituro ng maayos ang kurso. Ngunit guro lamang ba ang dapat sisihin? Nagkulang din kaya ang mga institusyon at sistemang edukasyunal? Palaisipan ito na dapat nating mapag-usapan kung nais natin na ituloy ang implementasyon ng batas sa susunod pa na kalahating siglo.

Aanhin naman natin kung alam natin ang mga detalye ukol sa buhay ni Rizal, kung patuloy ang korapsyon ng ilan sa ating mga lider at ang mga tao sa social media imbes na bigyang inspirasyon ang isa’t isa sa diwang Pilipino ay minumura naman ang isa’t isa? Tayo pa ba ang Pilipinas na pinangarap ni Rizal?

Pag-usapan po natin

Pag-usapan natin ang isyu sa bisperas ng birthday ni Rizal, June 18, 2016, Sabado, sa ganap na 1 p.m. sa Gateway Gallery, sa sampaksaan na “Rizal Law @ 60: Anyare?!”

Magsasalita po sina Bb. Gemma Cruz-Araneta, apo sa tuhod ni Rizal, ukol sa paksang “Legislating Rizal;” Prop. Jonathan Balsamo, guro ng Rizal, ukol sa kanyang pananaliksik na “Rizal Course: Turo at Tuto;” at si Prop. Jose Victor Torres, Ph.D., isang historyador, para sa paksang “Telegráfo, Electricidád y Poste de Luz: Notes on the Teaching of Rizal and His World.”

Para sa karagdagang detalye, bisitahin ang Facebook page ng Proyekto. Para sa reserbasyon, kontakin si John Ray Ramos sa 09202228889.

Si Prop. Michael Charleston “Xiao” Briones Chua ay kasalukuyang assistant professorial lecturer ng Pamantasang De La Salle Maynila. Isa siyang historyador at naging consultant ng GMA News TV series na Katipunan at Ilustrado.


By XIAO CHUA


WATCH Lady Gaga in tears during tribute for the slain in Orlando Published June 15, 2016 2:12pm

"They are sons and daughters. They're fathers and mothers. They are all our brothers and our sisters."

Lady Gaga was in tears at a vigil for the victims of the shooting at Pulse, a nightclub in Orlando, Florida. The singer is an icon for the LGBT community and her single "Born This Way" became an anthem in the face of discrimination and homophobia.

Numerous videos of her speech at the vigil were shared on Instagram and other social media platforms where she is seen dressed down, far from her usual glamorous style.

"Tonight, I gather humbly with you as a human being, in peace, in sincerity, in commitment, in solidarity to take a real moment and mourn the tragic loss of these innocent beautiful people," she said. "Let's all, today, pledge an allegiance to them and to their family who are suffering so deeply."

READ MORE...

She ends her speech by reading the names of the victims.

On Instagram, she posted a photo of the moment and wrote, "I saw the fear and sadness in the faces of so many, but I felt comfort knowing there are millions all over the world who are not only part of the LGBT community, but are part of the straight community and so impassioned by this tragedy. You are not alone."

Isaw the fear and sadness in the faces of so many, but I felt comfort knowing there are millions all over the world who are not only part of the LGBT community, but are part of the straight community and so impassioned by this tragedy. You are not alone. 438.2k likes 3,018 comments


Well-timed exercise might improve learning Published June 18, 2016 12:05pm

Aerobic exercise four hours after a memorization task, but not exercise right afterwards, was linked to improved recall in a series of Dutch experiments.

Newly-learned information turns into long-term knowledge through a process of stabilization and integration of memories, the study team writes in Current Biology. This requires certain brain chemicals that are also released during physical exercise, including dopamine, noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and a growth factor called BDNF, they explain.

“The brain processes new memories for a while after learning. Physical exercise is able to improve these post-learning processes,” senior author Guillen Fernandez, director of the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behavior in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, told Reuters Health by email.

To explore when exercise would most improve learning, researchers recruited 72 participants and tasked them with learning to match a series of 90 locations with pictures over a 40-minute period.

The participants were split into three groups: one group exercised immediately after learning, one group exercised four hours later and one group did not exercise at all.

The exercise groups did interval training for 35 minutes on a stationary bike, including spurts at maximum intensity.

READ MORE...

Two days later, the participants returned to the lab to test how much of what they’d memorized they could recall. During the recall test, the each subject was in a MRI scanner so researchers could monitor activity in different areas of the brain.

The group that had exercised four hours after learning remembered significantly more information on the follow-up test, while the immediate-exercise group did no better than the group that did not exercise.


Aerobic exercise four hours after a memorization task, but not exercise right afterwards, was linked to improved recall in a series of Dutch experiments.

Activity in the hippocampus, a part of the brain associated with forming memories, was very similar among people in the delayed-exercise group during the recall task, but less consistent in the other participants, the researchers note.

They speculate that the consistency of activation in the hippocampus in the delayed-exercise group could indicate greater “efficiency or coherence” in the way the brain pulls up the memory and “might relate to differences in memory strength.”

While strong memories will be remembered no matter what, Fernandez said, weaker memories that would normally be forgotten within a day may last longer if the brain releases more dopamine and norepinephrine.

People looking to improve their learning should perform fairly intense exercise to make sure that enough of the critical brain chemicals are released, he said, but cautioned against taking this too far. “Very intensive exercise might also have negative effects.”

The authors note that more research is needed to determine if exercise will help memories last beyond the two-day period they studied.

They add that the type of memory may be important, and that procedural or “body” memory of activities like tying a shoe may be better helped by immediate exercise than other kinds of memories.

Having a regular exercise routine may be helpful as well said Marc Roig, an assistant professor at McGill University in Montreal who studies the effect of cardiovascular exercise on memory.

Several weeks of cardio exercise, such as jogging, can make the hippocampus larger and improve people’s memory, he told Reuters Health.

The type of exercise may not be important, though, added Roig, who was not involved in the new study. “Most studies have looked into aerobic exercise but recent data shows that resistance training and high intensity interval training may also be beneficial.”

“When thinking about how to maximize your training regimen to improve/maintain memory do not ask yourself only what type of exercise, intensity or frequency is the best. Ask yourself when to train to achieve the best results,” Roig said. —Reuters


Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

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