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NATIONAL HISTORICAL COMMISSION CHAIRPERSON QUITS, HITS DUTERTE FOR ALLOWING MARCOS BURIAL
(PALACE RESPECTS DIOKNO's DECISION)
[RELATED: Claims Marcos Sr. was a soldier, not a fact —NHCP]


NOVEMBER 29 -In a statement on Tuesday, NHCP chair Maria Serena Diokno said her resignation, effective December 1, was a move towards the "right side of history." The chairperson of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) has resigned in protest of the burial of former President Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (LNMB). In a statement on Tuesday, NHCP chair Maria Serena Diokno said her resignation, effective December 1, was a move towards the "right side of history." "At this moment in our history, every voice counts, and I wish to place mine on the side of history: not the history that the Duterte government ignores, but the history that beckons our people to demand justice that even the highest court of the land will not bestow," Diokno said. Diokno said the burial of Marcos at LNMB erases the horrors of Martial Law. READ MORE...RELATED, Claims Marcos Sr. was a soldier, not a fact —NHCP...

ALSO: Roxas, De Lima join anti-Marcos burial protest
[RELATED: SC gives gov't 10 days to answer pleas vs Marcos burial]
[RELATED(2): Ex-NHCP Chair: Duterte snubbed our study on Marcos]


NOVEMBER 30 -Protesters carrying banners with the words "Dig Up!" and "Marcos not a Hero" march toward the People Power Monument on EDSA on Wednesday for the planned rally against the burial of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Heroes' Cemetery. Gigie Cruz, ABS-CBN News
Politicians, along with university and religious leaders, on Wednesday joined the protest at the EDSA People Power Monument against the burial of former strongman Ferdinand Marcos at the heroes' cemetery. Among those spotted were Senator Leila de Lima, former senator and Interior Secretary Mar Roxas, former Social Welfare Secretary Corazon "Dinky" Soliman, and former Education Secretary Armin Luistro. READ MORE...
RELATED ,SC gives gov't 10 days to answer pleas vs Marcos burial... RELATED(2) Ex-NHCP Chair: Duterte snubbed our study on Marcos...

ALSO: Ex-Bayan Muna solons appeal SC ruling on Marcos burial


NOVEMBER 28 -Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos is interviewed, March 11, 1985, by Georges Biannic, Agence France Presse regional director for Asia and the Pacific, at Malacanang Palace in Manila. AFP Photo / Romeo Gacad 
The group of former Bayan Muna Representatives Saturnino Ocampo and Neri Colmenares filed today a motion for reconsideration (MR) of the Supreme Court (SC) ruling allowing the burial of the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (LNMB/Libingan). Arguing that the controversial burial of Marcos' remains at the Libingan last November 18 does not render their petition moot and academic, Ocampo, et al. said that contrary to the ruling of the high court on November 8, 2016, President Duterte and respondent defense and military officials "violated the Constitution, the laws, jurisprudence and public policy" when it allowed Marcos' interment at said military shrine. READ MORE...

ALSO: 'Never forget' - CBCP gives blessing to Marcos burial rallies[RELATED: ‘Holy ba tayo?’ Pacquiao says no one but God can judge ex-Pres. Marcos]
(Pacquiao also believed that Marcos' dictatorship and eventual ouster did not disqualify him from interment at the LNMB. Rather, Pacquiao argued, Marcos became dictator only after he became president, and being elected president qualified him for the LNMB.)


NOVEMEBR 29 -Protestors converge at Liwasang Bonifacio in Manila before proceeding to Rizal Park as part of the Black Friday protest. Larry Monserate Piojo, ABS-CBN News The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) has thrown its support behind a planned mass action on Wednesday to condemn the hero's burial of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos. In a statement issued Tuesday, CBCP president Lingayen-Dagupan Archbishop Socrates Villegas said the public should honor the memory of thousands of Filipinos who suffered under Marcos' authoritarian regime. "Maraming nawala, namatay, nasugatan at napinsala dahil sa martial law. Ang karangalan ng kanilang pagpapakasakit ay dapat na alalahanin," Villagas said. READ MORE...RELATED, ‘Holy ba tayo?’ Pacquiao says no one but God can judge ex-Pres. Marcos...

ALSO: VP Leni denies funding 'Black Friday' protest vs Marcos burial[RELATED: High school students form anti-Marcos movement]


NOVEMBER 28 -Vice President Leni Robredo on Saturday laughed off accusations that she funded Friday's protest against the burial of the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.Robredo also tagged the claim as an insult to those who participated in the mass action, adding that she does not have the funds to organize such movements. READ MORE...RELATED,
High school students form anti-Marcos movement...


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NHCP chairperson quits post, hits Duterte for allowing Marcos burial


In a statement on Tuesday, NHCP chair Maria Serena Diokno said her resignation, effective December 1, was a move towards the "right side of history."

MANILA, DECEMBER 5, 2016 (GMA NEWS) Published November 29, 2016 By JOSEPH TRISTAN ROXAS, GMA News - The chairperson of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) has resigned in protest of the burial of former President Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (LNMB).

In a statement on Tuesday, NHCP chair Maria Serena Diokno said her resignation, effective December 1, was a move towards the "right side of history."

"At this moment in our history, every voice counts, and I wish to place mine on the side of history: not the history that the Duterte government ignores, but the history that beckons our people to demand justice that even the highest court of the land will not bestow," Diokno said.

Diokno said the burial of Marcos at LNMB erases the horrors of Martial Law.

READ MORE...

"The burial of Ferdinand Marcos in the Libingan ng mga Bayani is wrong; it denies our history, erases the memory of lives lost and destroyed, mocks the collective action action we took to oust the dictator, and denigrates the value of our struggle for freedom," Diokno said.

Diokno criticized Duterte for citing the lack of studies about Marcos' leadership and dismissed the claims of Martial Law victims.

"Notwithstanding the narrow view adopted by nine members of the Supreme Court, President Duterte could have taken the higher ground," Diokno said.

"But he chose not to. Worse, he justifies his 'legalistic' action by claiming, falsely, that 'there's no study, no movie about it [Marcos' record as a leader], just the challenges and allegations of the other side," she added.

Diokno said she was still filled with hope despite her departure at the NHCP because of the younger generation of Filipinos defending history.

"The multitude of especially young Filipinos who have come out in defense of history and are prepared to co-author if for their generation and the future point to one clear realization: they, we all, will guard our history," Diokno said.

Diokno said she would join mass actions against the Marcos burial even before the end of her tenure as NHCP chairperson.

"Tomorrow I will join the popular assertion of our history and look forward to more in as many public venues as possible. Never again will we allow any remnant of the authoritarian past to take hold of our country," Diokno said.

Palace respects Diokno's decision

Following this development, Malacañang released a statement saying it respects Diokno's decision.

“We respect Chair Diokno’s decision and we thank her for the services she rendered to the nation as she headed the commission responsible for the conservation and preservation of the country’s historical legacies,” the statement read.

It added Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea’s office has already received Diokno’s resignation letter. —NB/KBK, GMA News

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RELATED FROM GMA NEWS

Claims Marcos Sr. was a soldier, not a fact —NHCP Published August 8, 2016 8:22am

The National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP) has recommended to President Rodrigo Duterte not to allow the burial of former President Ferdinand Marcos Sr. at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

NHCP chairperson Maria Serena Diokno told Unang Balita in an interview on Monday that as early as July 12, they sent the result of their review of facts on claims about Marcos' being a wartime hero.

The paper is titled "Why Ferdinand E. Marcos Should Not Be Buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani."

"Doon po makikita na ang mga sinasabing medalya na natanggap -- Distinguished Service Cross, Order of the Purple Heart, Silver Star -- ay hindi pala niya (Marcos) natanggap," Diokno said.

She added that the guerilla unit, Ang Maharlika, that Marcos supposedly had formed during the Japanese occupation, is not distinguished by the United States.

"Sa kasaysayan kasi kapag may claim o posisyon na napatunayang hindi totoo, iyon po ay hindi tinatanggap. Hindi siya fact," Diokno said.

Diokno explained that the NHCP initiated the review, through primary sources including historical archives and historians, based on Duterte's that Marcos should be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani because the late strongman "was a Filipino soldier, period."

DOUBTFUL CLAIMS AS A SOLDIER

Aside from the medals and the guerilla unit, the review also cast doubt on claims that Marcos "spent the first day of 1942 'by ambushing a company of Japanese cyclists' killing 40 and turning back the rest."

The claim adds that after the massacre, Marcos took a "samurai sword" that Gen. Douglas McArthur later presented to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The claim however could not be proven because the "recording of the event on British Pathe, a newsreel archive founded in 1910 containing 85,000 films from 1896 to 1976, however, makes no mention of the origin of the sword."

She said that it was her duty as NHCP chairperson to order a review and make a recommendation to Duterte following his statements regarding the hero's burial for Marcos.

Diokno reiterated that Marcos could not be given such a recognition because his claims are doubtful and has not been proven.

"Hindi tamang magbigay ng ganoong klaseng recognition sa isang taong may maraming hindi totoo sa kanyang sinabi at marami rin duda," she added.

The NHCP said in the study that "grave doubts expressed in the military records about Mr. Marcos's actions and character as a soldier do not provide sound, unassailable basis for the recognition of a soldier who deserves to be buried at the LNMB."

"On these grounds, coupled with Mr. Marcos's lies about his medals, the [NHCP] opposes the plan to bury Mr. Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani," the study concluded.

The Department of National Defense has sent a written memorandum to Armed Forces chief of staff Gen. Ricardo Visaya to undertake preparations for Marcos' burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

This comes after reports that Marcos will be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani in Taguig City on September 18.

Former senator Ferdinand Marcos Jr. had said that the hero's burial is still in the planning stages.

He declined to disclose their planned date of the burial. —ALG, GMA News

---------------------------------

RELATED FROM ABS-CBN

Ex-NHCP Chair: Duterte snubbed our study on Marcos Trishia Billones, ABS-CBN News
Posted at Nov 30 2016 11:16 AM | Updated as of Nov 30 2016 11:33 AM


FORMER NHCP CHAIRPERSON DIOKNO

MANILA - President Rodrigo Duterte gave no reply to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines' (NHCP) paper on former President Ferdinand Marcos, the agency's former chairperson said Wednesday.

In an interview with ANC's Headstart, Maria Serena Diokno said they sent a copy of their paper entitled, "Why Ferdinand E. Marcos should not be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani" to Duterte on July 12.

"We went through the works and we sent him the study on July 12. No reply, no response," she said.

Having not received a reply by August 5, the commission made public its study by uploading it to their website.

READ: NHCP raises doubts anew on Marcos medals, track record

Days after, the Department of National Defense (DND) issued a formal memorandum instructing the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) to plan and prepare the interment of Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

Around this time, no case has been filed yet at the Supreme Court, but Diokno maintained that per the law that directs the NHCP to advise the president and congress on historical matters, "so we thought this was the route we would take."

After the Supreme Court came out with its decision, she said, she again wrote to Duterte but still received no reply.

"Nonetheless, I issued, I wrote the president an appeal, which I also made public, and I also received no reply," she said.

READ: 5 things Ferdinand Marcos lied about, according to NHCP

Asked if she believes Duterte was open to hearing a different point-of-view other than what he has, Diokno, who stepped down from her post Tuesday, said, "It seems not."
"It seems not. You can’t blame us for trying—we did and we went through a study, well-documented, but it appears, his mind has been made up early on," she said.

YOUTH INSPIRING RESIGNATION


Protesters gather outside Palma Hall in University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, where they condemned the burial of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani on Friday. The exact date of the burial was kept secret by the Marcos family, taking the general public by surprise. Fernando Sepe, ABS-CBN News

In her resignation letter, Diokno lambasted the Duterte government for "ignoring" history when it allowed the hero's burial of the late dictator.

READ: NHCP chair Diokno resigns over Marcos burial

"At this moment in our history, every voice counts, and I wish to place mine on the side of History; not the history that the Duterte government ignores, but the History that beckons our people to demand justice that even the highest court of the land will not bestow," she said.

In the interview, Diokno recalled that she had been mulling about stepping down and she took her visit to Cebu last week as an opportunity to reflect on what step she should take.

Ultimately, it was the young Filipinos who inspired her.

Diokno, a university professor, noted that students would normally "love to hate" history subjects, and would probably not take it had it not been among the core general education subjects.

"But listening to the speeches during the rally, what I read, what I saw, almost in every statement by a young person, history was invoked and never have I seen such understanding and appreciation of history as now," she said.

READ: From tweets to the streets: Millennials lead Marcos burial protests

Diokno said her staff and several other historians also held her back, urging her not to leave to "watch over the gate to make sure that it would remain factual and honest," but the youth had proven to her that safeguarding history is not solely her or the commission's job.

"When I saw the actions of the young people, I said, ‘they’re guarding our history. This is the responsibility of not just one person, the chair or a single agency, but of all of us," she said.

She had vowed to join the protests set to begin Wednesday afternoon across different places, this time as an individual, a Filipino historian.


ABS-CBN

Roxas, De Lima join anti-Marcos burial protest Kimberly Jane Tan, ABS-CBN News
Posted at Nov 30 2016 07:07 PM | Updated as of Dec 01 2016 12:32 AM


Protesters carrying banners with the words "Dig Up!" and "Marcos not a Hero" march toward the People Power Monument on EDSA on Wednesday for the planned rally against the burial of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Heroes' Cemetery. Gigie Cruz, ABS-CBN News

Politicians, along with university and religious leaders, on Wednesday joined the protest at the EDSA People Power Monument against the burial of former strongman Ferdinand Marcos at the heroes' cemetery.
Among those spotted were Senator Leila de Lima, former senator and Interior Secretary Mar Roxas, former Social Welfare Secretary Corazon "Dinky" Soliman, and former Education Secretary Armin Luistro.

READ MORE...


View image on TwitterFollow- Dinky Soliman @dinkysunflower -Naninindigan
5:06 AM - 30 Nov 2016 9 9 Retweets 29 29 likes


Activist priest Father Robert Reyes led a prayer at the protest action.

"Kahinaan ang pagkalimot sa mga naganap noong martial law. Kasalanan ang pagtanggi sa mga nangyari noon," he told the crowd at the monument.
(It is a weakness to forget what happened during martial law and it is a sin to reject what happened back then.)


View image on Twitter Follow Mike Navallo @mikenavallo Fr. Robert Reyes leading a prayer at the People Power Monument protest action 3:37 AM - 30 Nov 2016 Retweets 1 1 like

Leaders of educational institutions such as the University of the Philippines (UP) and Ateneo de Manila University (AdMU) also addressed protesters.

"Alam niyo ba kung ano ang nakakaadik bukod sa drugs? Kapangyarihan. Saludo kami sa inyo na hindi nagbubulag-bulagan," said AdMU president and Father Jett Villarin.
(Do you what's more addicting than drugs? Power. We salute you for not pretending to be blind.)
"Tutulungan nating gawing tama ang kasaysayan," added UP Diliman Chancellor Michael Tan.(We will help correct history.)


Senator Leila de Lima attended the Bonifacio Day protest against the burial of Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. Gigie Cruz, ABS-CBN News.


Former Interior Secretary Mar Roxas attended the Bonifacio Day protest against the burial of Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. Larry Monserate Piojo, ABS-CBN News


Follow Benise Balaoing @benisenavidad ADMU Fr. Jett Villarin: Alam niyo ba kung ano ang nakakaadik bukod sa drugs? Kapangyarihan. #MarcosBurialProtest 4:20 AM - 30 Nov 2016 2 2 Retweets 2 2 likes


Singer-activist Jim Paredes and UP economics professor Winnie Monsod similarly came to show their support.
"I am here to show my rage," said Monsod.


View image on Twitter Follow Benise Balaoing @benisenavidad
Prof. Winnie Monsod at #MarcosBurialProtest along White Plains 3:14 AM - 30 Nov 2016


View image on Twitter Follow Jekki Pascual @jekkipascual Sen. Leila de Lima joins Anti-Marcos protest. She left already.7:02 AM - 30 Nov 2016Retweets likes


View image on Twitter Follow Mar Roxas ✔ @MARoxas Andres was a temperamental brat. Pero pinaglaban ang tama. Salamat Karol Yee [http://instagram.com/karolmarkyee ] for the photo. 10:17 AM - 30 Nov 2016 103 103 Retweets 320 320 likes

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RELATED FROM ABS-CBN

SC gives gov't 10 days to answer pleas vs Marcos burial Ina Reformina, ABS-CBN News
Posted at Nov 29 2016 02:44 PM | Updated as of Nov 29 2016 03:13 PM

MANILA - The Supreme Court (SC) has directed Malacañang, through Executive Secretary Salvador Medialdea, and ranking defense and military officials to file their comment, within 10 days, on the motion for reconsideration (MR) by two groups of petitioners in the Marcos burial case.

Respondents were also asked to respond to the plea of former Bayan Muna Representative Saturnino Ocampo, et al. and Albay Representative Edcel Lagman, et al. to cite respondents in contempt, as well as Lagman, et al's plea for the exhumation of the remains of former President Ferdinand Marcos.

Marcos was buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (LNMB) on November 18, ten days after the high court junked seven petitions against the burial.

READ MORE...

Also part of the November 8 decision was the lifting of the status quo ante order (SQAO) earlier issued, which halted the burial for two months.

Ocampo and Lagman's groups cried foul over what to them was a "clandestine" burial of the late strongman's remains, calling it an affront on the high court.

They insisted that the high court's decision is not yet final and executory, and stressed that their right to file an MR has to be respected.

The Marcos family, for their part, said that the lifting of the halt order only meant there was no more legal impediment against the burial.

SC Public Information Office (PIO) chief, Atty. Theodore Te, in a statement on November 18, also said there was no longer any order in effect to stop the burial.


ABS-CBN

Ex-Bayan Muna solons appeal SC ruling on Marcos burial Ina Reformina, ABS-CBN


Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos is interviewed, March 11, 1985, by Georges Biannic, Agence France Presse regional director for Asia and the Pacific, at Malacanang Palace in Manila. AFP Photo / Romeo Gacad

MANILA - The group of former Bayan Muna Representatives Saturnino Ocampo and Neri Colmenares filed today a motion for reconsideration (MR) of the Supreme Court (SC) ruling allowing the burial of the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (LNMB/Libingan).

Arguing that the controversial burial of Marcos' remains at the Libingan last November 18 does not render their petition moot and academic, Ocampo, et al. said that contrary to the ruling of the high court on November 8, 2016, President Duterte and respondent defense and military officials "violated the Constitution, the laws, jurisprudence and public policy" when it allowed Marcos' interment at said military shrine.

READ MORE...

Petitioners argued that it violates Article II, Section 27 of the 1987 Constitution, which states that the "State shall take positive and effective measures against graft and corruption."

"[A]llowing Marcos the Dictator who has already been judged by the Filipino people in 1986 and even the Supreme Court as a plunderer in many cases to be interred at the LNMB on the mere reason that he, like the others, is listed as qualified in AFP Regulation G 161-375, disregards and violates not only the public purpose standard under Proclamation 86 (S 1954) but is a direct contravention and a violation of said provision of the Constitution," the motion read.

They also argued that the move violates Republic Act (RA) No. 289, An Act Providing for the Construction of a National Pantheon for Presidents of the Philippines, National Heroes and Patriots of the Country, stressing that the Libingan "was reserved as a burial ground for those individuals who sacrificed themselves through some heroic deeds to preserve the freedom of our country or contributed to its development."

Petitioners added that the Libingan is considered a "hallowed and sacred place in accordance with provisions of Presidential Decree No.
105."
"It is a place dedicated to honor these individuals as a way of showing the country's gratitude to their contribution, and to show its ―esteem and reverence‖ to them… That Ferdinand E. Marcos is a human rights violator, plunderer and a dictator is an undisputed and indubitable fact," the motion read.

Arguing that the AFP Regulations invoked by the executive branch in allowing Marcos' interment at the Libingan do not have the force and effect of law, petitioners stressed that these regulations directly contravene or are inconsistent with the Constitution and "cannot be a valid source of any right, obligation or power."

Petitioners said their status, along with those of many others, as human rights victims during Martial Law under the Marcos regime is recognized by the state with the passage of RA No. 10368, An Act Providing For Reparation And Recognition Of Victims Of Human Rights Violations During The Marcos Regime. They added that this reparation is not limited to monetary compensation.

"[T]he burial of Marcos the proven thief and tyrant at the LNMB distorts the historical bases upon which these rights were granted them, and an affront to their honor and dignity restored to them by law. To this extent, the petitioners will suffer direct injury, which injury is irreparable in nature since it cannot be measured in monetary terms," the motion read.

Petitioners also assailed Marcos' burial at the Libingan last November 8, for having been executed despite their right to file an MR, and urged the high court to reverse its assailed decision so that it may "redeem itself and prove that it is on the side of law, reason, justice, history, common sense, decency and of the people."


ABS-CBN

'Never forget': CBCP gives blessing to Marcos burial rallies ABS-CBN News
Posted at Nov 29 2016 11:46 AM


Protestors converge at Liwasang Bonifacio in Manila before proceeding to Rizal Park as part of the Black Friday protest. Larry Monserate Piojo, ABS-CBN News

MANILA - The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) has thrown its support behind a planned mass action on Wednesday to condemn the hero's burial of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos.

In a statement issued Tuesday, CBCP president Lingayen-Dagupan Archbishop Socrates Villegas said the public should honor the memory of thousands of Filipinos who suffered under Marcos' authoritarian regime.

"Maraming nawala, namatay, nasugatan at napinsala dahil sa martial law. Ang karangalan ng kanilang pagpapakasakit ay dapat na alalahanin," Villagas said.

READ MORE...

"Kung sa inyong paninindigan, ang makisali sa mga rally ay kinakailangan at sa tingin ninyo ay bahagi ng ating tungkuling Kristiyano, kayo ay malugod kong hinihimok na dumalo dala ang aking basbas," he added.

(Many disappeared, died and were tortured because of martial law. The honor of their suffering should be remembered. If you believe that joining the rallies is necessary and if you think this is part of our duties as Christians, I wholeheartedly encourage you to participate with my blessing.)

But the priest also insisted that any protest should be guided not by revenge, but by love for country, which he said is "a form of worshiping God."

"Ang pagmamahal sa bayan ay isang mukha ng pananampalataya sa Diyos. Sa anumang rally o symposium o protestang gagawin, palaging tandaan na ang paninindigan ay dapat na mula sa pagmamalasakit at hindi higanti," he said.

"Ang ating pag-usapan ay mga isyu at prinsipyo at iwasan ang pagmumura at paghamak sa kapwa taong iba ang pananaw sa atin. Ang hinahanap ay katotohanan—katotohanang may pagmamahal. Huwag tayong magsiraan."

Anti-Marcos activists light their mobile phones at the Quirino Grandstand grounds during the protest against the sneaky burial of former dictator Ferdinand Marcos. Jonathan Cellona, ABS-CBN News

READ: CBCP in 'grief,' says Marcos burial 'insult to EDSA spirit'

The November 30 rally is the second such mass demonstration protesting the November 18 burial of former dictator Ferdinand Marcos in a heroes' cemetery.

Last Friday, thousands of Filipinos showed their disdain for the veneration afforded to a strongman accused of widespread plunder and brutality.

Marcos ruled the Philippines for 20 years, imposing martial law in 1972 and governing by decree in what was one of the darkest chapters of the country's history.

President Rodrigo Duterte had called for the burial, 27 years after Marcos's death, arguing that as a former military man and head of state, he met the criteria for a place in the heroes' cemetery.

Tens of thousands of suspected communist rebels and political foes were killed before Marcos's 1986 ouster in a "people's power" revolt. He died in exile in Hawaii three years later.

In 1986, a commission was created to recover the Marcos family's wealth, which was estimated at $10 billion worth of property, cash, stocks, jewellery and pieces of art. It has, so far, recovered about half.

NO TO REVISIONISM

Meanwhile, Villegas also encouraged elders not to revise history as they educate the youth on the horrors of Martial Law.

"Nananawagan ako sa mga magulang na ikuwento sa mga kabataan ang buong kasaysayan ng diktadurya at huwag pabanguhin ang pangit o pagandahin ang kamalian. Ang paglimot sa mga namatay sa martial law ay paglibak sa kanilang kabayanihan," he said.

(I appeal to parents to tell the youth the whole history of the dictatorship, and not cover up the repulsive nor glorify the wrong. Forgetting the casualties of martial law is tantamount to mocking their heroism.)

Villegas also directed all churches in Pangasinan to ring their bells for five minutes at 6 p.m. of November 30 to December 2.

He ended his statement with an appeal for Filipinos to defend their freedom and never forget their history.
"Ang alaala ay biyaya ng Diyos. Ang alaala ay guro sa kasalukuyan. Ang alaala ay haligi ng kinabukasan. Huwag lumimot. Manindigan. Makisangkot. Huwag pabayaang mawalang muli ang kalayaan!"

(History is a blessing from God. History is a teacher to the present. History is a pillar of the future. Never forget. Stand firm. ParticipatE. Do not let freedom disappear again.) With Reuters

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RELATED FROM GMA NEWS NETWORK

‘Holy ba tayo?’ Pacquiao says no one but God can judge ex-Pres. Marcos Published November 29, 2016 3:10am

Sen. Manny Pacquiao, during Monday night's episode of "Bawal ang Pasaway kay Mareng Winnie", said that there was nothing wrong with burying the former President and dictator Ferdinand Marcos in the Libingan Ng Mga Bayani because no one but God was in a position to pass judgment on the late strongman.

"Kung baga, ang sabi ko sa kanila, ang Panginoon nagpapatawad sa atin, na Panginoon is perfect, holy. Tayo, holy ba tayo?" asked Pacquiao. "Makasalanan din tayo. Sino yung walang kasalanan, at hindi nakagawa ng kasalanan, ikaw, may karapatan ka hindi magpatawad."

Pacquiao also suggested that Martial Law and torture victims should just simply forgive the late dictator. "Mga nagawa niya (Marcos), dapat patawarin na lang sila," the senator stated.

He also believed that Marcos' dictatorship and eventual ouster did not disqualify him from interment at the LNMB. Rather, Pacquiao argued, Marcos became dictator only after he became president, and being elected president qualified him for the LNMB.

"Ganito kasi yun, eh. Na una ba ang pagiging diktador niya bago naging presidente, o na una yung presidente bago naging diktador? Pagka presidente niya, qualified na to be buried," Pacquiao explained.

The boxing champion also said that with Marcos' burial in the LNMB, the issues surrounding his dictatorship, plunder, human rights violations would be buried along with him. "Ganito po kasi yun, eh. Matagal na po iyang issue na yan. Hanggat hindi nailibing yan, ang issue buhay na buhay. Hangat hindi nalilibing yan hindi mawawala ang issue. Pag nalibing na yan, hindi na mapagusapan niyan," Pacquiao pointed out.

Critics responded angrily to the surprise burial of Ferdinand Marcos at the LNMB, with a spontaneous protest held at the People Power Monument along EDSA.

Another, thousands-strong "Black Friday" protest was also held at the Luneta on November 25, with another such demonstration scheduled for November 30. — DVM, GMA News


ABS-CBN

VP Leni denies funding 'Black Friday' protest vs Marcos burial ABS-CBN News
Posted at Nov 27 2016 11:06 AM

Vice President Leni Robredo on Saturday laughed off accusations that she funded Friday's protest against the burial of the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

Robredo also tagged the claim as an insult to those who participated in the mass action, adding that she does not have the funds to organize such movements.

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"Gustong sabihin na pinopondohan yung mga rallies, na nababayaran, binabayaran sila para mag attend ng rallies. Parang tingin ko insulto yun sa napakaraming sumasama na dahil naniniwala at nakikita kung ano yung tama saka mali," she said.

"Siguro yung ako ang pumupundo, lahat atang nakakakilala sakin wala namang maniniwala doon. Wala naman akong pera, alam ng lahat yun. Magpondo pa ng ganoon."

The Public Defenders, a group of President Duterte's supporters, had accused Robredo and the Liberal Party of being behind the protests which they said are meant to destroy the President and bring the party back into power.
ABS-CBN News Channel, 27 November 2016

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RELATED FROM THE INQUIRER

High school students form anti-Marcos movement By: Jodee A. Agoncillo - Reporter / @jagoncilloINQ Philippine Daily Inquirer / 12:53 AM December 02, 2016



A group composed of high school students has risen to counter attempts to rehabilitate the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos and depict the years under his martial rule as a golden age in Philippine history.

Student League Against Marcos (SLAM), organized by Ignacio Lorenzo Villareal and Ronin Leviste, Grade 12 students at Xavier School in San Juan City, launched its fight against revisionism on Wednesday by joining thousands of other Filipinos who gathered at the People Power Monument on Edsa to protest the Nov. 18 burial of Marcos at Libingan ng mga Bayani.

It was at the same site just outside the main military and police camps that millions of Filipinos gathered 30 years ago in a largely peaceful uprising to topple Marcos from power, ending a dictatorship marked by massive corruption and human rights violations.

Political storm

Wednesday’s protest was the latest in a growing political storm following the burial, which was allowed by President Duterte and upheld by the Supreme Court amid opposition by anti-Marcos groups.

Mr. Duterte, whose campaign for Malacañang was supported by the family of the dictator, allowed the burial on the grounds that there was no law barring Marcos’ interment at the heroes’ cemetery, where presidents, soldiers, statesmen and national artists are buried.

It was a politically risky decision in a country where democracy advocates still celebrate Marcos’ ouster each year.

After the Black Friday protest at Manila’s Rizal Park on Nov. 25, Villareal and Leviste mobilized SLAM members through Facebook to join Wednesday’s grand protest at the People Power Monument.

Martial law conference

SLAM has 1,000 members from other high schools across the country, and plans to hold a conference on martial law that will be open to the public.

Villareal said that after Wednesday’s protest, the group would take the fight against the rehabilitation of Marcos to classrooms throughout the country and constantly remind students about the atrocities Filipinos suffered under Marcos’ martial rule.

“We have to show how the atrocities of the past affect us, for instance, the need to pay the [foreign debts incurred by the Marcos regime], or that martial law might happen again,” said Villareal, great-grandson of the late House Speaker Cornelio Villareal and captain of his school’s debate team.

Past atrocities

Villareal and Leviste spoke at the rally about the atrocities committed by the military during Marcos’ rule.

“Marcos was not a hero,” Leviste said. “And he will never be.”

Other student groups joined the protest, including the Student Council Alliance of the Philippines.

No to historical revision

Beata Carolino, vice chair of the University of the Philippines Student Council, explained the students’ participation in the protest: “To ensure that history will not be changed, to ensure there is no revision of our history to cover up for all the atrocities of the Marcos regime.”

“This is [our] way of [showing] respect [for the struggle of our] elders, who should have been [here] with us had they not been killed,” she said.

The rally speakers included Maria Serena Diokno, who resigned on Tuesday as head of the National Historical Commission of the Philippines to protest the burial of Marcos at Libingan.

Never forget

“We should never forget our history,” said Diokno, daughter of the late Sen. Jose W. Diokno, one of the leaders of the opposition to Marcos’ mailed-fist rule.

“We won’t allow even a part of the dictatorship to return,” she said.

Diokno criticized Mr. Duterte’s bullheaded decision to allow the burial. “He is clinging too much to his allies who want to return to power,” she said, referring to Mr. Duterte’s loyalty to the Marcoses.

Not a hero

“I thought it was controversial to kill, to steal and not to respect women,” Diokno said. “What we are seeing now is that the lie has become the truth. Someone who’s not a hero is buried at the heroes’ cemetery.”

Bonifacio Ilagan, one of the organizers of Campaign Against the Return of the Marcoses to Malacañang, called Mr. Duterte’s campaign promise of change “bullshit,” pointing out that the administration was apparently bent on pursuing the “rehabilitation of the Marcoses.”

“What kind of change is that when you’re supporting one of the darkest chapters of our history?” Ilagan said. —WITH REPORTS FROM JOVIC YEE AND AP


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