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LADY EX-OFW NOW BIG TIME 'BANGUS' GROWER


JULY 1 -NOMINISIA RARANG-GARCIA, as a teenager, did not like the boring life in a fishing village in Anda, Pangasinan so she took up nursing so she could go to work abroad. Back in the Philippines after 20 years working in a hospital in Libya, she now enjoys life by the sea where she grows bangus. She could now be called the Bangus Queen of Anda.  You would probably hardly believe that a lady nurse who went to work abroad to get away from the boring life in a fishing village has gone back to the village she disliked after 20 years, and now 16 years later she has become a big time bangus producer, harvesting an average of 20 tons every day. The lady who might as well be called the Bangus Queen of Anda, Pangasinan is the former Nominisia Rarang, now married to Feliciano Garcia, a chef whom she met in Libya. MICHAEL R. GARCIA, a computer engineer, works in tandem with his mother to manage the bangus business where they grow the fish in cages and fishpens in Anda and Sual, Pangasinan. The bangus business is profitable but it has its own risks. For instance, in 2009 Typhoon Emong wiped out their cages and they had to start from zero again. In 2000 the couple with their children in tow returned to Philippines to start a new chapter in their lives. Feliciano who is good in business engaged in a buy-and-sell business based in Capas, Tarlac. In the meanwhile, Nominisia was invited by her brother to invest in fish cages for growing bangus in Anda. And that was what she did. Nominisia and his brother placed their fish cages near the Nara Island that the Rarang clan owned. She started with three fish cages costing about R300,000 each. The business turned out to be profitable and that encouraged her to expand. She said that her first harvest was 20 tons per cage which was stocked with 50,000 fingerlings. She was able to sell her harvest in Malabon at R90 to R100 per kilo of 400 to 450 grammers. It was profitable because feeds at that time cost only P12 per kilo and one cage consumes just about two tons of feed in a culture period of five months. Her cages increased continually. By 2009, she had already 60 cages of her own. But fish farming has its own risks. And her fish cages were wiped out in one swing of Typhoon Emong. Nominisia took the tragedy matter-of-factly. She did not give up. She had to start all over again. By that time, a big feed company that thought she might not be able to pay her obligations withdrew her R2-million credit line. READ MORE...

ALSO: Bakeshop delivers on promise of free cakes, unclaimed slices go to street kids


JULY 2 -The promise of free cake has been fulfilled! In November 2015 Quim's Cake declared that they'll give away cakes worth P5 million if Rodrigo Duterte wins the presidency.A day after the elections, with Duterte leading the unofficially tally by a wide margin, bakeshop owner Jack Labang announced that the free cakes will be distributed starting July 1.
To avoid long lines and other bothers, Labang devised a schedule for efficient distribution. The cakes will be given away every 1st and 15th of every month (until they reach the P5 million target) to the first 50 customers who register via email (quimscake@yahoo.com). However, on their first day of giving away the sweet treats, a few slices went unclaimed. Determined not to let it go to waste, Labang shared the cakes with street kids. "Regardless of status or affiliation, everyone must do their share in making things right for our country," Labang wrote on Quim's Cake Facebook page, adding the hashtags #cakeiscoming and #goodvibes. Labang also reminded people that there is no event page for the cake give away and that the only way to avail of the free slice is through the mechanics posted on the official page. Quim's Cake at 38 Tomas Morato Ave., Diliman, Quezon City. — AT, GMA  News FULL REPORT.

ALSO: Eid al-Fitr, July 6 to be declared official national holiday


JULY 3 -Malacañang is expected to declare Wednesday, July 6, as a national holiday in observance of the end of Ramadhan or Eid al-Fitr. "Well, napag-usapan namin iyan ni Executive Secretary (Salvador) Medialdea at ito po ay sa July 6. Pero hintayin na lang po natin 'yung opisyal na announcement ngayong darating na Lunes or Martes po," Presidential Communications Office (PCO) Secretary Martin Andanar said in an interview on state-run Radyo ng Bayan. Republic Act No. 9177, signed into law by then-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, declared Eid al-Fitr as a regular holiday throughout the country. Eid al-Fitr is celebrated by the Muslim world for three days after the end of the month of fasting. It is the first day marking the end of the 30-day fasting period of Ramadhan. In accordance to R.A 9177, only the Office of the President can announce the final date for this religious holiday, upon the recommendation of the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF). According to a month-long schedule released by the NCMF, the Holy Month of Ramadhan ends on July 5, Tuesday. —ALG, GMA News THE FULL REPORT.

ALSO: Dureza confident ‘third party countries’ will allow Joma’s return to PHL
[RELATED: Terror tag on CPP may derail Joma's homecoming – Bello]
[RELATED(2):
PNoy: No negotiations for Joma's return to PHL]


JULY 3 -The Philippines may no longer need to ask the United States to lift the terror tag on the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) to pave the way for the return of communist leader Jose Maria Sison to the country after decades in exile. Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Jesus Dureza told state-run Radyo ng Bayan on Saturday said that they will tackle the possibility of allowing Sison to return to the country when the need arises. "These will be things that we will attend to pag kailangan na dahil ito namang negotiations natin, these are between the Philippine government and the CPP-NPA-NDF (Communist Party of the Philippines-New People's Army-National Democratic Front). Hindi kasali dito ang Amerika. Hindi kasali dito ‘yung mga ibang bansa," Dureza said. He said he was confident that third party countries will "find a way to be not in the way" should the Philippine government and the CPP leadership agree on the need for Sison to return home to join the formal peace talks. President Rodrigo Duterte himself had said that Sison is welcome to return home to participate in the peace talks. Labor and Employment Secretary Silvestre "Bebot" Bello III, who leads the government's negotiating panel, had said that the US' terror tag on the communist group may be a hindrance to Sison's possible return to the country. READ MORE... RELATED,  Terror tag on CPP may derail Joma's homecoming – Bello...RELATED(2)
PNoy: No negotiations for Joma's return to PHL...

ALSO From VERA files: File No. 60 - Marcos’ invented heroism


JULY 4 -A US Army investigation into claims made by guerilla units during World War II found that “Ang Mga Maharlika Unit under the alleged command of Ferdinand Marcos is fraudulent.” File photo First of three parts
The US National Archives in Washington, D.C. is home to the Philippine Archives Collection, a treasure trove of 1,401 files of the Guerrilla Unit Recognition series documenting anti-Japanese resistance in World War II. Within that collection is File No. 60, which documents Ferdinand Marcos’ claim of being a guerilla leader and founder of a guerilla unit called “Ang Manga Maharlika” with thousands of men in its roster from 1942 to 1945 in Northern Luzon. Marcos himself later changed it to “Ang Mga Maharlika.” Included in the file’s more than 400 pages are the findings made by the US Army which, after repeated investigations, repudiated Marcos’ claim and called it a lie. US Army Capt. Elbert Curtis, who handled Marcos’s claim for recognition for the most part of July 1947 to March 1948, came to two conclusions. ne, that “Ang Mga Maharlika Unit under the alleged command of Ferdinand Marcos is fraudulent.” Two, that “inserting his name on a roster other than the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines, Northern Luzon (USAFIP, NL) roster was a malicious criminal act.”  “It is also known that Marcos has enough political prestige to bring pressure to bear where it is needed for his own personal benefit,” Curtis said. Before the Second World War, Marcos was known for two things—his acquittal for the murder of his father's political rival Julio Nalundasan, and topping the 1939 bar exam while in jail for the crime. READ MORE...


READ FULL MEDIA REPORTS HERE:

Lady ex-OFW now big time bangus grower


JULY 1 -NOMINISIA RARANG-GARCIA, as a teenager, did not like the boring life in a fishing village in Anda, Pangasinan so she took up nursing so she could go to work abroad. Back in the Philippines after 20 years working in a hospital in Libya, she now enjoys life by the sea where she grows bangus. She could now be called the Bangus Queen of Anda.

MANILA, JULY 4, 2016 (INQUIRER) by Zac Sarian July 1, 2016 (updated) - You would probably hardly believe that a lady nurse who went to work abroad to get away from the boring life in a fishing village has gone back to the village she disliked after 20 years, and now 16 years later she has become a big time bangus producer, harvesting an average of 20 tons every day.

The lady who might as well be called the Bangus Queen of Anda, Pangasinan is the former Nominisia Rarang, now married to Feliciano Garcia, a chef whom she met in Libya.


MICHAEL R. GARCIA, a computer engineer, works in tandem with his mother to manage the bangus business where they grow the fish in cages and fishpens in Anda and Sual, Pangasinan. The bangus business is profitable but it has its own risks. For instance, in 2009 Typhoon Emong wiped out their cages and they had to start from zero again.

In 2000 the couple with their children in tow returned to Philippines to start a new chapter in their lives. Feliciano who is good in business engaged in a buy-and-sell business based in Capas, Tarlac. In the meanwhile, Nominisia was invited by her brother to invest in fish cages for growing bangus in Anda. And that was what she did.

Nominisia and his brother placed their fish cages near the Nara Island that the Rarang clan owned. She started with three fish cages costing about R300,000 each. The business turned out to be profitable and that encouraged her to expand. She said that her first harvest was 20 tons per cage which was stocked with 50,000 fingerlings. She was able to sell her harvest in Malabon at R90 to R100 per kilo of 400 to 450 grammers.


LONG BOAT FOR THE BANGUS – This is the boat where the bangus harvesters put their catch. The FN Garcia Fish Farm in Anda, Pangasinan harvests their fish every day and they need a hundred workers to catch the fish daily. The harvesters are paid R4,500 per ton that they harvest. The fish farm provides employment in the community.

It was profitable because feeds at that time cost only P12 per kilo and one cage consumes just about two tons of feed in a culture period of five months. Her cages increased continually. By 2009, she had already 60 cages of her own. But fish farming has its own risks. And her fish cages were wiped out in one swing of Typhoon Emong.

Nominisia took the tragedy matter-of-factly. She did not give up. She had to start all over again. By that time, a big feed company that thought she might not be able to pay her obligations withdrew her R2-million credit line.

READ MORE...

Fortunately, another big feed company took over and gave Nominisia the necessary financial help she badly needed. The company did not only provide the necessary feeds, she and her son Michael who is her chief assistant, were counseled on the fine points of running a business. What is important is that the mother and son tandem always paid their financial obligations on time and that kept the confidence of the feed company to help them all the way.

Today, FN Garcia Fish Farm operates not only its own fish cages in Anda and Sual town. It also rents other people’s cages and fishpens.


BANGUS SORTERS – FN Garcia Fish Farm provides job opportunities in Anda, Pangasinan. Every day the company employs sorters of the fish as seen in photo. Aside from sorters or classifiers, there are people employed to put ice on the basins, drivers who bring the harvest to the fish port in Navotas and other destinations. Read more at

Despite the high cost of feeds of about R24 per kilo today, it is still profitable although at this time the going price of 400 to 500 grammers is a low R80 per kilo at farmgate.

The fish farm has been providing jobs for many people in Anda and surrounding towns. There is one worker for two cages while one worker is assigned to one fishpen. The caretaker takes care of feeding the fish and also fixes the nets. A weekly change and cleaning of the net is often necessary.


CIRCULAR FISHCAGE – This is the typical circular fishcage at the FN Garcia Fish Farm in Anda, Pangasinan. About 50,000 fingerlings are stocked in each for culturing in five months. If everything goes well, weather permitting, the cage will yield about 20 to 22 tons of bangus each weighing about 500 grams. Usually, the 50,000 fish will consume about two tons of feeds during the growing cycle.

The caretakers are given P1,500 allowance every two weeks and receive a share of 10 percent of the net profit. If the weather is good and the harvest is great, one caretaker can take home P100,000 per growing cycle. But there are times when the share is much lower, especially if there is the occasional fishkill.

About a hundred bangus harvesters are employed each day. For every ton that they harvest they are paid R4,500. Other employees are the drivers of ten delivery trucks who bring the harvest to the market in Navotas fish port.


TAKING CARE OF THE NETS – A lot of nets are needed in the fishcage operation of bangus growers like FN Garcia Fish Farm in Anda, Pangasinan. The net in the cage should be cleaned or changed every week. That way, there will be free flow of water within the cage which is beneficial to the growing fish. Photo shows workers preparing the nets for the cages.

Despite the risks in the bangus business, the lady nurse who did not enjoy the life in the fishing village during her teen years, is now back to her roots and enjoying every minute of it. Aside from Michael, his wife and his sister and her husband are all involved in the business with their own assignments. They have a prudent lifestyle although they can enjoy a luxurious lifestyle if they chose to.


GMA NEWS NETWORK

Bakeshop delivers on promise of free cakes, unclaimed slices go to street kids Published July 2, 2016 2:22pm

The promise of free cake has been fulfilled!

In November 2015 Quim's Cake declared that they'll give away cakes worth P5 million if Rodrigo Duterte wins the presidency.

A day after the elections, with Duterte leading the unofficially tally by a wide margin, bakeshop owner Jack Labang announced that the free cakes will be distributed starting July 1.

To avoid long lines and other bothers, Labang devised a schedule for efficient distribution. The cakes will be given away every 1st and 15th of every month (until they reach the P5 million target) to the first 50 customers who register via email (quimscake@yahoo.com).

However, on their first day of giving away the sweet treats, a few slices went unclaimed. Determined not to let it go to waste, Labang shared the cakes with street kids.

"Regardless of status or affiliation, everyone must do their share in making things right for our country," Labang wrote on Quim's Cake Facebook page, adding the hashtags #cakeiscoming and #goodvibes.

Labang also reminded people that there is no event page for the cake give away and that the only way to avail of the free slice is through the mechanics posted on the official page.

Quim's Cake at 38 Tomas Morato Ave., Diliman, Quezon City. — AT, GMA News


GMA NEWS NETWORK

Eid al-Fitr July 6 to be declared national holiday Published July 3, 2016 3:47pm By JON VIKTOR D. CABUENAS, GMA News


JULY 3 -Malacañang is expected to declare Wednesday, July 6, as a national holiday in observance of the end of Ramadhan or Eid al-Fitr.

"Well, napag-usapan namin iyan ni Executive Secretary (Salvador) Medialdea at ito po ay sa July 6. Pero hintayin na lang po natin 'yung opisyal na announcement ngayong darating na Lunes or Martes po," Presidential Communications Office (PCO) Secretary Martin Andanar said in an interview on state-run Radyo ng Bayan.

Republic Act No. 9177, signed into law by then-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, declared Eid al-Fitr as a regular holiday throughout the country.

Eid al-Fitr is celebrated by the Muslim world for three days after the end of the month of fasting. It is the first day marking the end of the 30-day fasting period of Ramadhan.

In accordance to R.A 9177, only the Office of the President can announce the final date for this religious holiday, upon the recommendation of the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF).

According to a month-long schedule released by the NCMF, the Holy Month of Ramadhan ends on July 5, Tuesday. —ALG, GMA News


GMA NEWS NETWORK

DESPITE US’ TERROR TAG ON CPP Dureza confident ‘third party countries’ will allow Joma’s return to PHL Published July 2, 2016 10:29pm

WANT TO SEE THE E16 LOCAL RESULTS FOR SISON, PANGASINAN? CLICK FOR LOCATION. The Philippines may no longer need to ask the United States to lift the terror tag on the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) to pave the way for the return of communist leader Jose Maria Sison to the country after decades in exile.

Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Jesus Dureza told state-run Radyo ng Bayan on Saturday said that they will tackle the possibility of allowing Sison to return to the country when the need arises.

"These will be things that we will attend to pag kailangan na dahil ito namang negotiations natin, these are between the Philippine government and the CPP-NPA-NDF (Communist Party of the Philippines-New People's Army-National Democratic Front). Hindi kasali dito ang Amerika. Hindi kasali dito ‘yung mga ibang bansa," Dureza said.

He said he was confident that third party countries will "find a way to be not in the way" should the Philippine government and the CPP leadership agree on the need for Sison to return home to join the formal peace talks.

President Rodrigo Duterte himself had said that Sison is welcome to return home to participate in the peace talks.

Labor and Employment Secretary Silvestre "Bebot" Bello III, who leads the government's negotiating panel, had said that the US' terror tag on the communist group may be a hindrance to Sison's possible return to the country.

READ MORE...

NDF spokesperson Luis Jalandoni had warned that Sison may be arrested by the Interpol on his to Manila because of the terror tag.

Dureza asked for more patience on the issue of Sison's return to the Philippines.

"Well, tsaka na lang ‘yan dahil kasama ‘yan sa usapan. ‘Wag na lang tayong mag-mamadali dahil there are issues to be resolved pa. There are some things that we have to resolve," he said.

He said that the government's panel will return to Oslo, Norway on the third week of July to resume the peace talks with the communist movement.

Sison was involved in the exploratory talks held in Oslo last month. —ALG, GMA News

-------------------------------

RELATED FROM GMA NEWS NETWORK

Terror tag on CPP may derail Joma's homecoming – Bello Published June 12, 2016 3:18pm By XIANNE ARCANGEL, GMA News


JOMA SISON

Security issues, including the tagging by the US of local communist rebels as terrorists, could throw a wrench into the homecoming planned by Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) founder Jose Ma. Sison, the incoming chief of the government peace panel, said on Sunday.

1-BAP party-list Rep. Silvestre Bello III said he and other peace negotiators designated by President-elect Rodrigo Duterte are currently focused on convincing the CPP’s political arm, the National Democratic Front, to agree to the resumption of peace talks with the government before formally extending an invitation for Sison to return home from exile.

“Sisikapin muna namin na bumalik muna sila sa peace table. Pag nagkaroon kami ng mutual understanding, we will consider inviting him (Sison) to come to our country and talk peace here in our country. Pero alam naman nating may mga complication ‘yan so we will be happy if they will agree to the resumption of the peace talks," he told Super Radyo dzBB.

Bello, who will also become the Labor Secretary once President-elect Rodrigo Duterte takes over on June 30, said Sison’s return to the Philippines might not push through because of the US State Department’s recent report classifying the CPP and its armed component, the New People’s Army, as terrorist organizations.

“Maganda sana kung pupunta siya (Sison) rito, but we have to consider other factors like ‘yung security niya, yung labeling ng US government against him as a terrorist. These are complications and we may be unable to bring him to our country,” he said.

After living in exile in The Netherlands for decades, Sison said he is ready to come back to the Philippines upon Duterte’s invitation to explore the possibility of renewed efforts for peace talks between the government and the communist insurgents.

Ticklish issue

NDF spokesman Fidel Agcaoili said Sison’s planned homecoming has become a “ticklish issue” since the communist leader might be arrested by the Interpol on the way to Manila because of the CPP’s inclusion in the US’ list of terrorist organizations.

Agcaoili said there has to be some guarantee from the Dutch, the Norwegian, and the US governments to respect the sovereignty of the Philippine government.

Meanwhile, Bello confirmed he will be joining incoming peace adviser Jesus Dureza in Oslo, Norway this week to meet with Sison’s group and discuss the possible resumption of peace negotiations.

The preliminary talks were arranged by the Norwegian government, which acts as the third-party facilitator between the Philippine government and the CPP-NDF-NPA.

Formal peace talks between the government and the communist rebels were called off in April 2013, with the government saying the negotiations were “going nowhere” after a 22-month impasse in the negotiations starting February 2011.

Bello, who used to head the Department of Justice, said he believes they will not be violating any law by talking with Sison since their meeting will only be informal and exploratory.

“Mag-uusap-usap lang naman kami. Hindi naman namin tinataya ang ating gobyerno. Actually ang aming pag-uusapan ay kung paano tayo babalik sa peace negotiation kasi naudlot ito eh,” he said.

Bello said he will recommend to Duterte that his administration honor the existing agreements signed by his predecessors with the CPP-NDF-NPA to build trust between the two parties. — APG, GMA News

---------------------------

RELATED(2) FROM GMA NEWS NETWORK

PNoy: No negotiations for Joma's return to PHL Published March 2, 2012 3:30pm By AMITA LEGASPI, GMA News


COMPOSITE PHOTOS JOMA, AQUINO

President Benigno Aquino III denied Friday that there are ongoing negotiations for the return of Communist Party of the Philippines founder Jose Maria Sison allegedly being brokered by presidential political adviser Ronald Llamas.

“May negotiation doon sa lalagdan (peace agreement). Wala pa ‘yung negotiation sa pagbalik niya [Sison],” Aquino said at a press briefing after the ceremonial electrification of 45 sitios in Mindoro Oriental.

Sison has been on exile in The Netherlands since 1987.

The Philippine government is having peace talks with the National Democratic Front of the Philippines through chief negotiator Alex Padilla.

The resumption of formal talks, however, has suffered several delays after the CPP-NDF demanded the release of several political prisoners whom they claimed were their consultants and safety guarantees for their members.

The NDFP had earlier withdrawn from the negotiations in 2004 over the inclusion of the New People's Army, the armed wing of the CPP, in the US list of terrorist organizations. The NDFP then accused the Philippine government of not exerting efforts in convincing the US to remove the NPA from the list.

Joma's return to PHL

Aquino said Sison would return to the country if the talks are already clear.

“Babalik si Joma Sison kung meron nang maliwanag sa usapan. At ‘yung dulo po niyan, siyempre, ang ambisyon natin diyan, huwag na tayong magbakbakan na barilan; magtalakayan tayo sa debate,” he said.

He also wanted the CPP and NDF members to participate in and respect the elections.

“Ang end point nito is, ‘yung kung babalik siya (Sison), tungo sa pagkakaroon nang paglagda ng isang pangmalawakang pagkakasundo,” Aquino said.

Joma's arrest, release

Sison was arrested during the Marcos regime in 1977 and was imprisoned for nine years. Following the ouster of Marcos in 1986 that catapulted Noynoy's mother, the late Corazon Aquino, to the presidency, Sison was among the political prisoners released for the sake of national reconciliation.

When the peace talks with the NDFP collapsed in 1987, Sison went to The Netherlands and applied for political asylum there. Sison has since stayed there.

Charges of murder over the deaths of former NPA commander Romulo Kintanar in 2003 and Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Masang Pilipino-Revolutionary Proletarian Army-Alex Boncayao Brigade (RPMP-RPA-ABB) leader Arturo Tabara in 2006 have been filed against Sison.

Sison was included on the terror list of the US and European Union in 2002. He was delisted by the EU’s second highest court in 2009.

He is the chief political consultant of the NDFP since 1995 and supposedly protected by the Joint Agreement on Safety and Immunity Guarantees (JASIG) which provides immunity from arrest to members, consultants and staff of the NDFP who are part of the negotiating team. RSJ, GMA News -


PHILSTAR (VERA FILES)

FIRST OF THREE PARTS

File No. 60: Marcos’ invented heroism By Joel F. Ariate Jr. and Miguel Paolo P. Reyes (Vera Files) | Updated July 3, 2016 - 10:06am 12 1794 googleplus0 9

A US Army investigation into claims made by guerilla units during World War II found that “Ang Mga Maharlika Unit under the alleged command of Ferdinand Marcos is fraudulent.” File photo First of three parts

The US National Archives in Washington, D.C. is home to the Philippine Archives Collection, a treasure trove of 1,401 files of the Guerrilla Unit Recognition series documenting anti-Japanese resistance in World War II.

Within that collection is File No. 60, which documents Ferdinand Marcos’ claim of being a guerilla leader and founder of a guerilla unit called “Ang Manga Maharlika” with thousands of men in its roster from 1942 to 1945 in Northern Luzon.

Marcos himself later changed it to “Ang Mga Maharlika.”

Included in the file’s more than 400 pages are the findings made by the US Army which, after repeated investigations, repudiated Marcos’ claim and called it a lie.

US Army Capt. Elbert Curtis, who handled Marcos’s claim for recognition for the most part of July 1947 to March 1948, came to two conclusions.

One, that “Ang Mga Maharlika Unit under the alleged command of Ferdinand Marcos is fraudulent.” Two, that “inserting his name on a roster other than the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines, Northern Luzon (USAFIP, NL) roster was a malicious criminal act.”

“It is also known that Marcos has enough political prestige to bring pressure to bear where it is needed for his own personal benefit,” Curtis said.

Before the Second World War, Marcos was known for two things—his acquittal for the murder of his father's political rival Julio Nalundasan, and topping the 1939 bar exam while in jail for the crime.

READ MORE...

In an interview with writer Gregorio Brillantes in 1968, Marcos claimed that after becoming a lawyer, he had wanted to embark on a “teaching career,” dreaming to be a professor at his alma mater, the University of the Philippines College of Law, “lecturing on some complex point of law.” Whatever his post-graduation plans really were, the war altered them.

WW II EXPLOITS

Marcos’ exploits in World War II, real or imagined, became part of the narrative of his political career. In November 1941, he joined the Army as a third lieutenant. He was with the Filipino forces in Bataan until their surrender in April 1942. With other prisoners of war, he was interred at Camp O’Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.

On August 4 of the same year, he was released. There was a claim that it was due to failing health. But in his own commissioned biography, For Every Tear a Victory by Hartzell Spence, Marcos claimed that his mother Josefa “bribed the authorities to hasten her son’s freedom.”

Not much is known of Marcos’ activities from August 4, 1942 until December 12, 1944, when he joined the 14th Infantry, USAFIP, NL. If there was any indication of what he was up to, the records in File No. 60 point to one activity: taking advantage of the war to line his pocket.

“Ferdinand Marcos was in San Quintin, Pangasinan, two or three months prior to the landing of the American forces, soliciting funds and guerilla help to construct a landing field in the vicinity,” the report said.

“The purpose of the landing field was to allow a plane to come in and evacuate General [Manuel] Roxas. Captain Ray C. Hunt, commanding officer of PMD, LGAF placed Marcos under arrest for collecting money under false pretense. General Roxas intervened on Marcos’ behalf and had him released to his custody,” it said.

The American forces reconquered Pangasinan in January 1945. Even before Marcos started his supposed activities in Pangasinan, on July 26, 1944 he sent a request to the returning American forces “for P100,000.00 Philippine currency and P500,000.00 Japanese war notes be sent his unit for maintenance.”

Marcos claimed to have 8,300 Ang Mga Maharlika members in North Luzon, Baguio, Zambales and Manila. The investigator curtly noted that “this is entirely theoretical as no such unit ever existed.”

When Marcos ended his active service in 1946, he claimed to have gained the rank of major. Charles McDougald, in his book The Marcos File contested this claim, saying “The only promotion that Marcos could actually prove by official orders was his promotion to first lieutenant. All others, in addition to being contradictory and confusing, appear spurious.”

File No. 60 started with Marcos’ August 18, 1945 letter to the adjutant general of the Philippine Army requesting “that the complete roster of ‘Ang Manga Maharlika’ be approved and this organization be given recognition.”

The roster had 1,939 purported guerillas in active duty since December 1943. Guerillas recognized by the US Army received back pay for their efforts. The longer the period of their recognized participation in the war effort, the bigger their compensation.

On December 18, 1945, Marcos followed up on his original request for recognition. He also took the opportunity to provide additional materials to buttress his claim.

With this submission, listed as item number 6 in File No. 60, is the “Ang Mga Maharlika – Its History in Brief.” It was a history that not only chronicled the past and foretold the future but invented both points in time as well.

On June 7, 1947, a four-man military team told Marcos that based on the result of an initial investigation, his request for recognition was denied. The record of service he was claiming “was not substantiated by acceptable evidence.” The leadership, structure, effectiveness, and extent of the supposed guerilla unit were sketchy.

As for Marcos’ claim to leadership, the team said, “Performance of the unit did not indicate adequate control by its leaders because of the desertion of its commanding officer [i.e. Marcos] to join another unit.”

PETITION

On July 16, 1947, Marcos, then in Washington, D.C. as member of the Philippine Veterans Commission, fired off a telegram to “strongly protest denial of recognition” and promised that he would file a formal petition.

It took him almost half a year to do this. The petition was filed on December 2, 1947. He tried to rebut the findings of the investigators point by point. His arguments ran for nine pages of single-spaced typescript with sixteen appendices. Ten of these were sworn and notarized affidavits of prominent and high-ranking military men in the newly established republic, a number of whom were also former leaders of well-known guerilla units during the war.

SUPPORTERS

Listed as affiants supporting Marcos’s request for reconsideration were Brig. Gen. Macario Peralta Jr., commanding officer of the Panay guerillas; Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalandoni, chief of staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines; Col. Vicente Umali and Col. Primitivo San Agustin Jr. of the President Quezon’s Own Guerilla; Maj. Leopoldo Guillermo, signal officer of the East Central Luzon Guerilla Area; Maj. Salvador Abcede of the Negros Guerillas; Consul-General Modesto Farolan of the Philippine Consulate at Hawaii; Col. Margarito Torralba, Armed Forces of the Philippines; and Narciso Ramos, minister-counselor of the Philippine Embassy in Washington, DC.

(to be continued)

The UP Third World Studies Center is making public File No. 60. Read it here.

[Joel Ariate and Miguel Paolo Reyes are researchers at the Third World Studies Center, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philippines Diliman. Judith Camille E. Rosette provided research assistance in writing this article. The digital copy of File No. 60 came from Ricardo T. Jose, Ph.D., the center’s director and UP professor of history, recently named the UP Alumni Association’s Distinguished Alumnus Awardee in Historical Scholarship and Research for 2016. VERA Files is put out by senior journalists taking a deeper look at current issues]


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