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PHNO HEADLINE NEWS THIS PAST WEEK
(Mini Reads followed by Full Reports below)

ROBREDO FEARS RIGGING
[RELATED: VP race rivals told: Wait for final count]



MAY 18 -Rep. Leni Robredo is beginning to worry that there could be efforts to rig the official canvassing of votes in Congress. Robredo on Wednesday noted that her fear stems from statements made by Sen. Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. and his camp that there may have been cheating even if no evidence has been presented to prove it. The House of Representatives and the Senate will convene as the National Board of Canvassers on May 23 for the official counting of the votes for President and Vice President at the Batasang Pambansa in Quezon City.
“Sa akin lang ano… sana wala silang binabalak na pandaraya na gagawin sa canvassing. Kasi yung wino-worry ko ngayon klaro naman yung numero pero parang mina-mind condition nila. Hindi ko alam yung precursor ito. Pero sana hindi [What I am saying is…I hope that they are not planning to rig the canvassing of votes. What I am worried about is that while the numbers are clear, they are doing mind conditioning (that there’s rigging). I don’t know, this could be a precursor. But I hope not],” Robredo said in an interview before boarding a plane back to Manila. She recalled that there were also efforts from the camp of then-President Ferdinand Marcos to rig the results of the 1986 snap elections that were won by Corazon Aquino. Tabulators at the Philippine International Convention Center walked out of the canvassing area in protest of the poll rigging by the camp of then-President Marcos. READ MORE...RELATED, VP race rivals told: Wait for final count...

ALSO: Marcos seeks poll audit
[RELATED: Marcos supporters wants vote re-count, questions Comelec integrity]


MAY 18 -AUDIT PLEA Jose Amorado, lawyer of Sen. Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., holds a copy of the letter delivered to the Commission on Elections. PHOTO BY RENE H. DILAN
THE camp of Sen. Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. on Wednesday sought a technical and systems audit of the transparency and central servers of the Commission on Elections (Comelec) to find out if the introduction of a new program script into the system did not alter the results of the tight vice presidential race.Marcos, through his legal counsel Jose Amorado, filed a formal petition with the commission for a systems audit which he said has become necessary in view of negative speculation triggered by the “unauthorized” change of script or hash code of the transparency server.“In view of these doubts and questions and the admitted tampering of the transparency server and the breach of protocols relating thereto, I am formally requesting that this honorable commission permit my team of IT [Information Technology] experts and programmers, within three days from receipt hereof, to conduct an audit of the transparency server and the central server,” Marcos said in a three-page letter to Comelec Chairman Juan Andres Bautista.The audit, the senator added, shall be conducted under the close supervision of the commission and its technical personnel.“My team is willing to sign all confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements that may be required by this honorable commission in order to protect its data security, and to preserve all proprietary information belonging to this honorable commission and/or Smartmatic,” Marcos said.“With the tampering of this sole security feature, how can we be assured that the data have not been altered in other ways or on other occasions?”Amorado believes that the change was more than “cosmetic,” as claimed by Smartmatic and the Comelec.“The problem is, it’s only the Comelec and Smartmatic that are saying that. They have not proven that it was only the “?” and “ñ” that were changed. So we are demanding a system audit so that we can verify whether or not that [that] was the only change or there were other data that were changed,” he said.READ MORE...RELATED,
Marcos supporters wants vote re-count, questions Comelec integrity...

ALSO: SCRIPT TWEAK Poll sabotage raps filed vs. Comelec, PPCRV, Smartmatic
[RELATED: Comelec ready for poll system audit amid fraud claims.]


MAY 18 -A group of concerned citizens on Wednesday filed an electoral sabotage complaint againts the Commission on Elections (Comelec), the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV), and technology provider Smartmatic with the Office of the Ombudsman. The class suit filed by Mata Sa Balota Movement (BSBM) said the respondents violated Republic Act No. 9369 or The Automated Election Law when the hash code of the transparency server was changed on election day.
"This case presents a classic example where the respondents in conspiracy with each other exercised their duty in bad faith, maliciously, arbitrarily and capriciously," the group said in its complaint. Sought for comment, Comelec Commissioner Rowena Guanzon said the poll body will study the complaint once they receive a copy. "'Pag nabasa natin, titignan natin," she told reporters. Guanzon, meanwhile, clarified that Smartmatic is not an agent of the poll body. "Hindi ko naman sila ahente (Smartmatic). Why should I be liable? They are not acting as my agent," she said. The complaint said the Comelec committed "gross and patent" evasion of duty when it allowed the introduction of the new command script on the server while the transmission of results of the May 9 elections was ongoing. It added that the poll body had a "premeditated refusal" on its part when it failed to act swiftly when it learned that the script has been changed. The group said the alteration tampered with the partial and unofficial tally of votes. "Malinaw na nagkaroon ng problema sa tinatawag na cosmetic move ng Smartmatic na kung saan hindi magaganap ito nang hindi alam ng Comelec," the group's convenor, Rodolfo Javellana Jr., said. MSBM is an umbrella group of the Coalition for Clean Air Advocates. The group alleged that Comelec and Smartmatic connived to change the command script since both have the password for the server. “The switching in the script could not have been made alone by the respondent Smartmatic IT personnel except for and with the connivance of a Comelec personnel who was responsible for the safe-keeping of the password,” the group said in its complaint. READ MORE...RELATED, Comelec ready for poll system audit amid fraud claims...

ALSO: Marcos camp - Grant request for systems audit before canvassing


MAY 22 -Bongbong Marcos shows the “quick count” action center set up in his campaign headquarters. NINO JESUS ORBETA/INQUIRER FILE PHOTO The camp of vice presidential candidate and Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. expressed confidence that the Commission on Elections (Comelec) would rule favorably on their request for an audit of the transparency and central servers of the Automated Elections System (AES) used in the May 9 national and local polls. Atty. Jose Amor Amorado, who also acts as the Quick Count Center chief of the Marcos camp, said that they hope that the poll body would act on their request before Congress convenes as a canvassing board for the posts of President and Vice President on May 25. “We remain hopeful that Comelec will grant our demand to open the AES for audit because I am sure the Comelec would want to uncover the truth in the unauthorized change in the script of the transparency server,” Amorado said on Sunday. Marcos’ camp wanted to conduct the systems audit to gauge the extent of the effect of the supposedly unauthorized tweak made by a Smartmatic team member in the script of the transparency server last May 9. READ: Marcos camp to seek poll systems audit  Smartmatic’s Marlon Garcia changed the script to change the character ‘?’ in the names of candidates that have ‘ñ’ in them. Both Smartmatic and Comelec denied that the script tweak has affected the results of the elections. Marcos’ campaign adviser Jonathan dela Cruz said that the systems audit seeks to “find out the truth” and asked rival administration candidate Rep. Leni Robredo to support their request. “Viewed in this light, our demand for the conduct of a system audit is not only very reasonable but also absolutely necessary. If Rep. (Leni) Robredo is really interested in finding out the truth and ensuring the credibility of the election results, she should join us in our call for a system audit,” dela Cruz said. READ MORE...

ALSO: Nene Pimentel - Shift to federalism possible in 2 years
 
[RELATED: Politics and cultural change by Randy David, Inquirer]


MAY 21 -Nene Pimentel: Former senator Aquilino Pimentel Jr. said Saturday incoming president Rodrigo Duterte could use the first two years of his term to change the form of government from presidential to federal. "The first two years should be devoted to revising the Constitution either by constitutional convention or constituent assembly. Under a determined leadership, kayang gawin yun in two years and then the next four years implementation na ng bagong Saligang Batas," Pimentel said at a weekly media forum in Quezon City. Pimentel's timeline seems to be in sync with the plan of Duterte's pick for speakership, newly elected Davao del Norte Rep. Pantaleon Alvarez, who said last Friday that he was open to subject a proposed charter to a plebiscite during the 2019 midterm elections. Apart from the form of government, Alvarez said the constitutional change may also tackle relaxing provisions against foreign ownership in certain businesses and introducing a two-party system to address political turncoatism. To jumpstart the debate on charter change, Pimentel said he prefers a constitutional convention to ensure "wider participation by the people in a democratic manner" as delegates would have to be selected by the public. The constitutional convention is one of the three modes allowed to amend the Constitution. The other two are people's initiative and constituent assembly. READ MORE...ALSO, Politics and cultural change by Randy David, The
Inquirer...


READ FULL MEDIA REPORTS HERE:

Robredo fears rigging



MANILA,
MAY 23, 2016 (MANILA TIMES) May 18, 2016 11:12 pm by LLANESCA T. PANTI, REPORTER - Rep. Leni Robredo is beginning to worry that there could be efforts to rig the official canvassing of votes in Congress.

Robredo on Wednesday noted that her fear stems from statements made by Sen. Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. and his camp that there may have been cheating even if no evidence has been presented to prove it.

The House of Representatives and the Senate will convene as the National Board of Canvassers on May 23 for the official counting of the votes for President and Vice President at the Batasang Pambansa in Quezon City.

“Sa akin lang ano… sana wala silang binabalak na pandaraya na gagawin sa canvassing. Kasi yung wino-worry ko ngayon klaro naman yung numero pero parang mina-mind condition nila. Hindi ko alam yung precursor ito. Pero sana hindi [What I am saying is…I hope that they are not planning to rig the canvassing of votes. What I am worried about is that while the numbers are clear, they are doing mind conditioning (that there’s rigging). I don’t know, this could be a precursor. But I hope not],” Robredo said in an interview before boarding a plane back to Manila.



She recalled that there were also efforts from the camp of then-President Ferdinand Marcos to rig the results of the 1986 snap elections that were won by Corazon Aquino.

Tabulators at the Philippine International Convention Center walked out of the canvassing area in protest of the poll rigging by the camp of then-President Marcos.

READ MORE...

Aquino won in the National Movement for Free Elections unofficial Quick Count with 7,502,601.

She, however, lost in the canvassing of the Commission on Elections.

Marcos’ victory, however, was eventually nullified by Congress.

“I don’t know where their [Marcos camp] script is getting into. Sana lang walang balak na pandaraya. Kasi alam naman natin na may history na ganun. Hindi natin makakalimutan yung nangyari nung 1986 na siguro kung hindi nag walk out yung mga tabulators baka nadaya nga tayo [I just hope that there is no plan to rig the counting. We all know that they have a history of that. We can’t forget what happened in 1986. Had the tabulators not walked out, they could have rigged the polls],” Robredo said.



The lawmaker declared victory on Sunday, saying she leads Marcos by 257,567 votes.

But she added that it now appears that her camp’s tally of votes is different from that of Marcos.

“Yung sa akin, nagwo-worry ako yung numero nila iba sa numero namin, iba sa numero ng Comelec. Nagtatanong lang ako bakit ganun… SD [secured digital] cards ito. Iisa lang naman dapat yung pinanggalingan. Bakit iba yung numero nila [I worry because their numbers contradict ours, and it is also different from the Comelec’s. I wonder why. These are all from SD cards. It came from the same source. Why is their count different]?” Robredo said.

The lawmaker said she does not oppose auditing of votes because it will boost the credibility and integrity of the conduct of the polls.

“I don’t see nothing wrong with the system audit [of our votes]. I am in favor of that, so as to remove all the doubts on the integrity of the election process. What I am not okay with is the careless accusation of poll rigging without basis,” Robredo added.

--------------------------------

RELATED FROM THE INQUIRER

VP race rivals told: Wait for final count By: Estrella Torres, Jeannette I. Andrade, Jocelyn R. Uy @inquirerdotnet Philippine Daily Inquirer 12:24 AM May 17th, 2016


EASYONTHE EYES Georgina Hernandez-Yang, spokesperson for Leni Robredo, gives an update on the vice presidential race during a news conference on the campus of Ateneo de Manila University on Monday. NIÑO JESUS ORBETA

ELECTION watchdog Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV) has cautioned vice presidential candidates Leni Robredo and Bongbong Marcos against declaring premature victory, saying it is sowing confusion as election results have not been finalized.

PPCRV chair Tita de Villa said the numbers from both the Commission on Elections (Comelec) and the PPCRV were not conclusive and should not be used as basis for declaring victory.

As of 7:45 last night, the PPCRV vote tally reflected 96.13 percent of transmitted election returns (ERs). Robredo had 14,022,932 votes and Marcos had 13,803,842, giving her a lead of 219,090 votes.

De Villa said the remaining 3.87 percent of the ERs comprised less than 1 million votes but these “can still alter (election) results.”

On Sunday, Robredo told supporters that she had won. She said it was mathematically impossible for her closest rival, Marcos, to catch up with her.

“It’s irreversible. We have won,” Robredo said on the campus of Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City.

Hours after Robredo made the declaration, Marcos claimed that he won the vice presidency. “I have won,” he said in an interview with CNN Philippines.

The Marcos camp chided Robredo for prematurely claiming victory in the vice presidential race.

Official declaration

“It is unfortunate that the camp of Congresswoman Robredo is rushing to judgment and engages in self-proclamation based on the unofficial, partial results,” said Abakada Rep. Jonathan dela Cruz, a Marcos campaign adviser.

He pointed out that it was too soon to make any conclusion on the outcome of the elections based on unofficial results.

The Comelec said the announcement of the winning presidential and vice presidential candidates could come only from Congress.

“Congress is tasked by the Constitution to proclaim the winners in the presidential and vice presidential races,” Comelec Chair Andres Bautista said when asked for comment on the declarations of victory by Robredo and Marcos.

Congress will convene as a national board of canvassers (NBOC) on May 23 to tabulate certificates of canvass (COCs) to determine the winner of the presidential and vice presidential contests.

Wait for final outcome

Presidential Communications Secretary Herminio Coloma Jr. said it would be better to await the final outcome of the canvassing of votes for the vice presidential race by Congress.

“We understand Representative Robredo’s assertion pertaining to the results of the election, as well as Senator Marcos’ reservations on the unofficial poll count. We also note that Congress will soon convene as the NBOC. Perhaps, it is best to await the official announcement by Congress as NBOC on the matter,” Coloma said in a statement.

PPCRV can stop count

Former Comelec Commissioner Rene Sarmiento said the PPCRV could now stop tallying votes at 96.13 percent of the ERs, noting that it is unconstitutional to reach 100 percent.

Sarmiento said it was the NBOC that was mandated to conclude the election results.

“In fact, at 96.13 percent of total election returns tallied, the PPCRV can stop its vote tally,” he said in an interview following his visit to the PPCRV command center in Manila on Monday.

Sarmiento said it was still crucial for the PPCRV to monitor the transmission of ERs since the margin of votes for Robredo and Marcos was “indeed very slim.”

“But then we have to respect the Constitution. The more than 96 percent is big enough for the total of votes tallied,” he said.

De Villa said it was up to the Comelec to determine when to stop giving the PPCRV access to the Comelec transparency server, which transmits ERs.

“I am seeking a meeting with Comelec Chair Bautista on this matter,” De Villa said in a separate interview.

De Villa earlier in the day said the results of the overseas absentee voting in which Marcos won over Robredo remained partial because the votes transmitted were from 30 embassies and consulates that used the automated electronic system.

She said votes from 53 embassies and consulates that conducted manual voting had yet to be transmitted.

“The overseas votes reflect 30 countries that used automated elections but we still have more than 50 countries that used manual counting and those results have not been transmitted,” De Villa said.

Also, she said some 17,000 to 18,000 votes from areas that held special elections in parts of Mindanao and the Visayas had not been transmitted to the Comelec transparency server. The Comelec declared failure of elections in these provinces after the vote-counting machines did not function in these areas on Election Day.

Psywar

Asked to comment on the victory claims of Robredo and Marcos, De Villa said: “That is up to them. That is their strategy or their psywar. But I want to caution both parties from claiming victory until it is pronounced.”

She dismissed as “outright lie” the allegations from the Marcos camp that the PPCRV and Smartmatic had an unholy alliance that allowed the alteration of the transparency server’s script. With a report from Christine O. Avendaño


MANILA TIMES

Marcos seeks poll audit May 18, 2016 11:16 pm by WILLIAM B. DEPASUPIL, REPORTER


AUDIT PLEA Jose Amorado, lawyer of Sen. Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., holds a copy of the letter delivered to the Commission on Elections. PHOTO BY RENE H. DILAN

THE camp of Sen. Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. on Wednesday sought a technical and systems audit of the transparency and central servers of the Commission on Elections (Comelec) to find out if the introduction of a new program script into the system did not alter the results of the tight vice presidential race.

Marcos, through his legal counsel Jose Amorado, filed a formal petition with the commission for a systems audit which he said has become necessary in view of negative speculation triggered by the “unauthorized” change of script or hash code of the transparency server.

“In view of these doubts and questions and the admitted tampering of the transparency server and the breach of protocols relating thereto, I am formally requesting that this honorable commission permit my team of IT [Information Technology] experts and programmers, within three days from receipt hereof, to conduct an audit of the transparency server and the central server,” Marcos said in a three-page letter to Comelec Chairman Juan Andres Bautista.

The audit, the senator added, shall be conducted under the close supervision of the commission and its technical personnel.
“My team is willing to sign all confidentiality and non-disclosure agreements that may be required by this honorable commission in order to protect its data security, and to preserve all proprietary information belonging to this honorable commission and/or Smartmatic,” Marcos said.

“With the tampering of this sole security feature, how can we be assured that the data have not been altered in other ways or on other occasions?”

Amorado believes that the change was more than “cosmetic,” as claimed by Smartmatic and the Comelec.

“The problem is, it’s only the Comelec and Smartmatic that are saying that. They have not proven that it was only the “?” and “ñ” that were changed. So we are demanding a system audit so that we can verify whether or not that [that] was the only change or there were other data that were changed,” he said.

READ MORE...

Party-list Rep. Jonathan dela Cruz, Marcos’ spokesman, said that based on the findings of their IT experts, there were more than three million “undervotes” for vice president that they want Smartmatic and the Comelec to explain to them.

“Our IT experts say that it should not happen. If there were changes in the numbers, it should not be that big. That’s one of the things that we wanted to clarify,” dela Cruz said.

“Why the undervotes? Does it mean that nobody voted for Vice President even as they voted for President or the ballot for Vice President was not read? That’s what we would like to know. That is why we are asking for systems audit so that we would be enlightened and find out the truth,” he added.

“’Yung dayaan, hindi pa natin mapu-prove ’yon. Ang sinasabi lang natin, anong nangyari? Kaya hinahanap lang natin kung anong nangyari. Kaya dapat maging interesado rito maging kampo ng mga kalaban natin at Malacañang [Those cheating allegations, we cannot prove them. What we are asking is what happened? So we want to know what really happened. This should also be the interest of our rivals and Malacañang],” de la Cruz said in an interview.



The Marcos camp pointed out that the Comelec and Smartmatic only admitted the illegal alteration of the script after they exposed the incident a day after the May 9 elections.

It noted that the transparency server is part of and governed by the Election Management System (EMS) bid out to Smarmatic, thus the server was pre-loaded with a program and decryption utility that are governed by and part of the EMS that similarly governs the encryption and decryption utilities of the vote counting machines (VCMs) and the consolidation and canvassing system (CCS).

“Thus, if the “?”/“ñ” discrepancy appeared in the transparency server, bud did not appear in the VCMs, the ballots, the election returns, the CCS and the certificates of canvass, could it be that the transparency server was loaded with an entirely different program that was not presented in audit to the political parties and candidates?” the Marcos camp said.

“If there would be a real audit and we are enlightened, then we can start officially the canvass without any doubt [on the results]. Let us be very clear about this, the official canvass for President and Vice President will happen on May 25. What is coming out now is unofficial and partial canvass,” dela Cruz said.WITH MICHAEL JOE T. DELIZO

-----------------------------

RELATED FROM KICKERDAILY.COM

Marcos supporters wants vote re-count, questions Comelec integrity
Posted on May 15, 2016 by Patrick Dones


Glenn Chong of Automated Election System (AES) Watch

Marcos supporters call for public audit of the votes for the vice presidential post

They echoed the Marcos camp’s claim that there was digital cheating due to the new script injected Rappler, on the other hand, debunked the cheating allegation of the camp using Comelec data Supporters of vice presidential candidate Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr echoed his camp’s call to publicly audit the results of the unofficial tally of votes that showed his contender Leni Robredo way ahead of him.

“Halos lahat ng mga posting ng OFW at pamilya ay recount ang panawagan,” Lito Soriano, convenor of Alyansang Duterte at Bongbong (ALDUB), said in a news conference on Saturday, May 14.

[Amost all posts of OFWs and their families call for recount of votes.]

Meanwhile, another supporter of the senator, Bong Suntay, reiterate the camp’s claim that the change in hash codes signified the introduction of a new command that allegedly modified the number of votes for the top contenders of the vice presidential race.

“Bakit kung san 70% na ng resulta ang transmitted, doon [pinalitan], all of a sudden doon biglang bababa ang boto,” said Suntay in an ABS-CBN story.

[Why when 70% of the results have been transmitted, that’s when they changed the script and all of a sudden (Marcos’) votes started to go down (compared to Robredo).]

Last Friday, clean elections advocate Glenn Chong, who is helping out Marcos’ camp, also revealed his own statistical analysis of the trend of the Robredo’s lead over Marcos when the new script was said to be injected.

“Senator Marcos was having the lead. This time between 7:30 to 8 in the evening, this is the injecting of new script. After that, around 9 p.m. the rise of Senator Marcos has minimally increased,” he said in a press briefing as quoted in a GMA News story.

“Congresswoman Robredo, beginning 3:29 in the morning up to 5:51 pm of May 10, her lead built up in a very slow pace and steady ride. There is no instance Senator Marcos was able to claim back the lead. Statistics will not lie,” he added.

But in an article published Saturday, Rappler debunked the camp’s claim on an unusual trend of the two contender’s vote differences

Citing Comelec figures, Rappler said that it shows that Marcos’ bailiwicks were the first ones to transmit that was why there was a surge of votes on his part during the first few hours of transmission and that Robredo’s strong spots have been able to transmit their election returns much later.


GMA NEWS NETWORK

SCRIPT TWEAK Poll sabotage raps filed vs. Comelec, PPCRV, Smartmatic Published May 18, 2016 12:35pm Updated May 18, 2016 4:15pm By JOSEPH TRISTAN ROXAS, GMA News

A group of concerned citizens on Wednesday filed an electoral sabotage complaint againts the Commission on Elections (Comelec), the Parish Pastoral Council for Responsible Voting (PPCRV), and technology provider Smartmatic with the Office of the Ombudsman.

The class suit filed by Mata Sa Balota Movement (BSBM) said the respondents violated Republic Act No. 9369 or The Automated Election Law when the hash code of the transparency server was changed on election day.

"This case presents a classic example where the respondents in conspiracy with each other exercised their duty in bad faith, maliciously, arbitrarily and capriciously," the group said in its complaint.

Sought for comment, Comelec Commissioner Rowena Guanzon said the poll body will study the complaint once they receive a copy.

"'Pag nabasa natin, titignan natin," she told reporters.

Guanzon, meanwhile, clarified that Smartmatic is not an agent of the poll body.

"Hindi ko naman sila ahente (Smartmatic). Why should I be liable? They are not acting as my agent," she said.

The complaint said the Comelec committed "gross and patent" evasion of duty when it allowed the introduction of the new command script on the server while the transmission of results of the May 9 elections was ongoing.

It added that the poll body had a "premeditated refusal" on its part when it failed to act swiftly when it learned that the script has been changed. The group said the alteration tampered with the partial and unofficial tally of votes.

"Malinaw na nagkaroon ng problema sa tinatawag na cosmetic move ng Smartmatic na kung saan hindi magaganap ito nang hindi alam ng Comelec," the group's convenor, Rodolfo Javellana Jr., said.

MSBM is an umbrella group of the Coalition for Clean Air Advocates.

The group alleged that Comelec and Smartmatic connived to change the command script since both have the password for the server.

“The switching in the script could not have been made alone by the respondent Smartmatic IT personnel except for and with the connivance of a Comelec personnel who was responsible for the safe-keeping of the password,” the group said in its complaint.

READ MORE...

Javellana said they included PPCRV, led by chairman Henrietta de Villa, in the complaint since the citizen arm failed to question before the poll body and the technology firm the irregularities in the servers.

“Kung ang PPCRV ay talagang nagbabantay sa isang credible na halalan ay sila mismo ang dapat nag-question sa lahat dahil hindi nga dapat maganap yung naganap na,” Javellana said.

Meanwhile, Fr. Robert Reyes, known for his political activism, called for the perpetual ban of Smartmatic to faciliate future elections since other Filipino IT experts are capable of the same responsibility.

“Ang panawagan ko, i-ban for life ang Smartmatic. Let us go, as early as now, call on all Filipinos to put up a more credible IT election system that will be better than what Smartmatic can give us,” he said.

“Ito ay tungkol sa isang democratic exercise na dapat hindi nako-compromise at hindi dapat maging parang eksperimento ng isang kumpanyang dayuhan. I don't want Smartmatic to be in 2019 nor in 2022. Filipinos can do better,” he added.

Reyes urged Comelec to open up the system introduced by Smartmatic to allow experts to investigate if it is clear from any form of tampering and sabotage and ensure the election's integrity.

“We are filing this complaint in order to facilitate openness on the part of a very important agency that will ensure the itnegrity of the democratic exercise of elections,” he said. —with Virgil Lopez/KBK, GMA News

-----------------------------------------

ARELATED FROM BS-CBN

Comelec ready for poll system audit amid fraud claims ABS-CBN News Posted at May 19 2016 02:11 PM

The Commission on Elections is willing to open the automated election system (AES) to scrutiny, in order to dispel any doubt on the integrity of the 2016 polls.

Comelec chairman Andres Bautista said Thursday that the poll body has received the audit request of vice-presidential candidate, Senator Ferdinand Marcos, Jr., who claimed that the unauthorized change in a poll-related hash code may have compromised the elections.

Bautista told radio dzMM that he will ask the Comelec en banc to tackle Marcos' request on their next meeting. A special en banc session, he said, may also be called to address the lawmaker's concern.

But Bautista also stressed that even before the elections, Comelec has been transparent in informing the candidates and the public about the AES.

"Nitong mga nakalipas na buwan, sinikap po talaga ng Comelec na buksan ang aming mga proseso, iyung aming mga sistema sa iba't ibang partido, iba't ibang mga kandidato para nga kanilang siyasatin, suriin, pag-aralan ang mga proseso at sistemang ito," he said.

The Comelec chairperson requested parties questioning the AES to be more specific in their demands and complaints. Doing otherwise, he said, would only lead to "a wild good chase" for AES issues which may not even exist.

READ MORE...

"Sana mas maganda, ipakita, sabihin talaga ng direstuhan ano bang nakikita nilang problema at ano ba iyung gusto nilang buksan, as opposed to malawakang manual audit," he said.

Bautista also sees no problem if an independent third party conducts the audit.

Marcos has refused to concede in the vice-presidential race. He is in a close fight with Liberal Party bet, Leni Robredo, who is leading by a slim margin.

The Marcos camp earlier said Robredo caught up and overtook him in the VP race after a script was "introduced" to the transparency server. Marcos' camp suspects the introduction of the script may have affected the count.

READ: Marcos camp alleges new 'script' in transparency server

Bautista has since explained that Smartmatic official Marlon Garcia had to alter a script in the transparency server to correct the name of a candidate. He said the change in the script is "innocuous" and will not affect the results in the transparency server.

The National Citizens' Movement for Free Elections (NAMFREL) on also agreed that the alteration of hash code did not affect the actual results of the elections.


INQUIRER

Marcos camp: Grant request for systems audit before canvassing By: Aries Joseph Hegina @AHeginaINQ INQUIRER.net 06:01 PM May 22nd, 2016


Bongbong Marcos shows the “quick count” action center set up in his campaign headquarters. NINO JESUS ORBETA/INQUIRER FILE PHOTO

The camp of vice presidential candidate and Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr. expressed confidence that the Commission on Elections (Comelec) would rule favorably on their request for an audit of the transparency and central servers of the Automated Elections System (AES) used in the May 9 national and local polls.

Atty. Jose Amor Amorado, who also acts as the Quick Count Center chief of the Marcos camp, said that they hope that the poll body would act on their request before Congress convenes as a canvassing board for the posts of President and Vice President on May 25.

“We remain hopeful that Comelec will grant our demand to open the AES for audit because I am sure the Comelec would want to uncover the truth in the unauthorized change in the script of the transparency server,” Amorado said on Sunday.

Marcos’ camp wanted to conduct the systems audit to gauge the extent of the effect of the supposedly unauthorized tweak made by a Smartmatic team member in the script of the transparency server last May 9.

Smartmatic’s Marlon Garcia changed the script to change the character ‘?’ in the names of candidates that have ‘ñ’ in them.

Both Smartmatic and Comelec denied that the script tweak has affected the results of the elections.

Marcos’ campaign adviser Jonathan dela Cruz said that the systems audit seeks to “find out the truth” and asked rival administration candidate Rep. Leni Robredo to support their request.

“Viewed in this light, our demand for the conduct of a system audit is not only very reasonable but also absolutely necessary. If Rep. (Leni) Robredo is really interested in finding out the truth and ensuring the credibility of the election results, she should join us in our call for a system audit,” dela Cruz said.

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Robredo has expressed her support for the systems audit, saying that the said move will dispel any doubts about the results of the elections.

READ: Robredo welcomes Marcos request for poll systems audit

Aside from seeking a systems audit, the Marcos camp also filed a criminal complaint against Marlon Garcia and three other persons for the unauthorized script change.

READ: Marcos camp files criminal case vs Smartmatic, Comelec officials

Meanwhile, Atty. George Garcia, head of Marcos’ legal team for the canvassing, vowed that they will scrutinize every certificate of canvass (COC).

“We vow to scrutinize each and every COC for vice president and highlight the impossibility of the partial unofficial result. This is an exercise of a right and our solemn obligation to the millions who supported Senator Marcos and those whose votes were not counted and were disenfranchised,” he said in a separate statement.

Robredo leads Marcos by more than 200,000 votes, according to the partial, unofficial tally from the Comelec’s transparency server. JE/rga


GMA NEWS ONLINE

Nene Pimentel: Shift to federalism possible in 2 years Published May 21, 2016 2:49pm By VIRGIL LOPEZ, GMA News


Former Senator Nene Pimentel

Former senator Aquilino Pimentel Jr. said Saturday incoming president Rodrigo Duterte could use the first two years of his term to change the form of government from presidential to federal.

"The first two years should be devoted to revising the Constitution either by constitutional convention or constituent assembly. Under a determined leadership, kayang gawin yun in two years and then the next four years implementation na ng bagong Saligang Batas," Pimentel said at a weekly media forum in Quezon City.

Pimentel's timeline seems to be in sync with the plan of Duterte's pick for speakership, newly elected Davao del Norte Rep. Pantaleon Alvarez, who said last Friday that he was open to subject a proposed charter to a plebiscite during the 2019 midterm elections.

Apart from the form of government, Alvarez said the constitutional change may also tackle relaxing provisions against foreign ownership in certain businesses and introducing a two-party system to address political turncoatism.

To jumpstart the debate on charter change, Pimentel said he prefers a constitutional convention to ensure "wider participation by the people in a democratic manner" as delegates would have to be selected by the public.

The constitutional convention is one of the three modes allowed to amend the Constitution.

The other two are people's initiative and constituent assembly.

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Under the people's initiative, an amendment may be proposed by the people through a petition of at least 12 percent of the total number of registered voters, while under a constituent assembly, Congress may propose amendments upon a vote of three-fourths of all its members.

Duterte believes federalism would be key to addressing problems peculiar to his native Mindanao like underdevelopment and armed conflict.

Pimentel shared the outgoing Davao City mayor's view, saying a federal state would have the powers to respond as "best they can" to things that their constituents need.

"Under the federal system, the central government would be limited to a few powers like maintenance of law and order, one army, one judiciary with modifications, one educational policy, one flag, and a few other functions. All other duties of government especially on matters of development would now be a function of federal states," said Pimentel in a separate interview with GMA News Online.

While he was senator, Pimentel filed in 2008 a joint resolution seeking to form a federal government but it never took off in the Senate as some lawmakers were worried that it be might be used to extend the term of then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who was deeply unpopular due to corruption and vote rigging allegations, beyond 2010. — APG, GMA News

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ALSO FROM THE INQUIRRE BY RANDY DAVID

Politics and cultural change SHARES: 461 VIEW COMMENTS By: Randy David @inquirerdotnet
Philippine Daily Inquirer 12:06 AM May 22nd, 2016


DAVID

Politics is divisive, and it is absurd to object to it for being so. If it were not, it would not be able to perform its function of providing choice, building legitimacy, and checking abuse of power. Clearly, the other face of politics is integration.

But, for integration to happen after a divisive exercise, political competition has to be managed, its mode of expression regulated. The rules of competition must be respected, protected, and conscientiously enforced.

Political enmity must be prevented from becoming virulent. This means that rivalries have to be kept within their restricted domain and not be allowed to infect other relationships that are essential to building social cooperation. This is obviously not an easy thing to do in a society where political differences seem naturally to spill over to other domains of social life. As I will try to show, a lot depends on the way culture configures our emotions.

The 2016 national elections will be remembered as one of the most emotionally charged political exercises ever to be conducted in our country. The ease with which most everyone with access to social media could express strong opinions and sentiments partly accounts for this. But, it was the aggressive, foulmouthed, and mocking style adopted by the Duterte campaign that set a new tone in political rhetoric. What I call “Dutertismo” instantly engulfed social media, offering the public a perverse model of discursive authenticity and a channel for the release of violent resentments and repressed injuries.

Many longstanding friendships were strained, if not broken, because political choices were taken as indicators of wisdom or integrity, or lack of these. It may take a while before these relationships are repaired, if at all. The virulence persists until now, taking the form of intolerance for even the slightest hint of criticism of the incoming administration.

The principal victor in these elections can do much to start the integrative process. In one postelection interview, Rodrigo Duterte said the strong foul language he had used was all part of a strategy. Meaning, he had not originally intended to be offensive in his utterances. But, according to him, it was this tone that seemed to click with his mass audiences, as though they were waiting for someone to bring these emotions out into the open, in the raw language that he alone, among the presidential candidates, seemed capable of using.

True or not, he may want to begin the healing by reverting to a more prudent and respectful way of communicating, rather than merely talking about it. For me as an observer, what is equally important is to understand where this sudden eruption of foul language in our politics is coming from, and whether this is the new normal in Philippine politics.

In previous columns, I wrote about how charismatic leaders like Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini were able to tap into such explosive emotions to catalyze the formation of fascist movements that later plunged their respective peoples into the abyss. It’s difficult to tell at this point if the rise of Mayor Duterte to the presidency signifies the birth of fascism in our country, or if this is just an ordinary type of strongman rule riding on the crest of a populist clamor for change.

Whatever it may be, I believe we need to fathom the roots of these emotions, to understand their generative mechanisms, and to see what we can do to prevent them from blindly fueling the kind of fratricidal conflicts that have destroyed other societies in the past.


Humberto Maturana

An insight I have found to be very productive comes from a 1997 essay by the Chilean cognitive biologist Humberto Maturana, titled “Metadesign.” He writes: “Technological transformations do not impress me…. No doubt much of what we do will change if we adopt the different technological options at hand, but our actions will not change unless our emotioning changes.” I’m struck by the word “emotioning,” because it seems to assign to emotions a higher valuation than modern rationalist cultures would usually give to them.

Indeed, Maturana believes that cultures are configurations of emotions. Unless there is cultural change, he says, we will find ourselves at the mercy of the same emotions that perpetuate domination, submission, manipulation, mistrust, greed, dishonesty, and abuse of others and of nature. Only the means by which we do these will change. We ourselves will remain unchanged.

How does Maturana understand cultural change?

His language is far from lucid, perhaps because of the stilted translation from Spanish to English. But a slow careful reading might help: “The reality that we live arises instant after instant through the configuration of emotions that we live, and which we conserve with our living instant after instant. But if we know this, if we know that the reality that we live arises through our emotioning, and we know that we know, we shall be able to act according to our awareness of our liking or not liking the reality that we are bringing forth with our living. That is, we shall become responsible for what we do.”

My take: The world we live in is created and continually recreated by a way of life reinforced by our emotions. In turn, this world summons the same emotions. The only way to break this cycle is by subjecting this world and the emotions it induces to critique and reflection. What we learn from the practice of self-awareness we must try to reflect through changes in our emotions. We must then endeavor to conserve these changes and pass them on to the next generation as an act of responsibility.


Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

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