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PHNO HEADLINE NEWS THIS PAST WEEK
(Mini Reads followed by Full Reports below)

TYPHOON LANDO NEWS ON OCTOBER 19, 2015

LANDO FLOODS 'WORST IN THIS LIFETIME' FOR NUEVA ECIJA


OCTOBER 19, 2015 -Residents carry a gas tank and a chicken across a flooded road Reuters/Erik De Castro STA ROSA, NUEVA ECIJA - Residents of flooded farming villages in the Philippines were trapped on their rooftops on Monday and animals floated down fast-rising rivers, as deadly Typhoon Lando (international name: Lando) dumped more intense rain. Lando, the second strongest storm to hit the disaster-plagued Southeast Asian archipelago this year, has killed two people and forced more than 60,000 people from their homes, authorities said. After making landfall on Sunday morning on the east coast of Luzon, the Philippines' biggest island, the slow-moving typhoon has brought heavy rain to some of the nation's most important farming areas. "I've never seen anything like this. It's the worst flood I've seen in my entire life," farmer Reynaldo Ramos, 68, told AFP as he walked through knee-deep water in Santa Rosa, about two hours' drive north of Manila.  Military, government and volunteer rescue units equipped with rubber boats were trying to help residents in dozens of flooded villages, according to Nigel Lontoc, a regional rescue official. "The floods are rising fast and some people are now on their rooftops," Lontoc told AFP, but added there were not enough rescuers and he did not know how many have been rescued. Lontoc said many thousands of people may be stranded in those villages, although it was too early to determine an exact number. Authorities confirmed at least three people had died because of the storm, but the death toll is expected to rise as full accounts from badly hit villages are gathered. The storm is forecast to continue dumping heavy rains across the Philippines until Wednesday. READ MORE...

ALSO: Boat capsizes off Iloilo; 7 dead


Boat capsizes off Iloilo; 7 dead
ABS-CBN TWEET OCTOBER 19, 2015
ILOILO – Seven people died after a passenger boat capsized off the coast of Iloilo on Sunday afternoon. According to the Philippine Coast Guard, the M/B Tawash, bound for Jordan in Guimaras, had just left Parola Wharf in Iloilo City when it capsized due to strong winds and powerful waves. The seven fatalities were identified as: 1. Ruben Gania 2. Larry Abilla 3. Cora Ganila 4. Cristine Darryl Vasquez 5. Luke Shyll Matta 6. Mark Reial Matta 7. Mary Ann Geranda Gallego The Philippine National Police said at least 30 passengers were rescued. Two remain missing and efforts are underway to rescue them. Sea vessels were not allowed to travel Sunday morning due to a gale warning raised over Iloilo but they were allowed to leave the port by 12:30 p.m. once the warning was lifted. The weather was good when the boat was allowed to leave the port, PCG officials said. PAGASA had warned against sea travel over the seaboard of Luzon and Visayas due to risky conditions.- reports from Zeny Quilantang and Jenel Baclay, ABS-CBN News Iloilo THE FULL REPORT

ALSO: Rice field in Pangasinan submerged by raging flood


SCREENGRAB FROM VIDEO NEWS
A resident of Bugallon, Pangasinan was shocked after seeing hectares of rice field just outside their house turned into a gushing river as Typhoon "Lando" pounded Northern and Central Luzon with strong winds and heavy rains on Monday. Dr. Mariel Tapia of Barangay Poblacion told ABS-CBNnews.com that this is the first time their area experienced massive flooding. "We were completely surprised when we woke up and the water at our back seems to be like this na," she said. Tapia said they thought that the effect of the typhoon would ease come afternoon. Instead, the wind and rain got stronger by noontime. "Lando" first hit Casiguran and Baler in Aurora at Sunday dawn. LOOK: Typhoon Lando makes landfall It then unleashed its fury in Nueva Ecija on Sunday evening, triggering massive floods. READ: Typhoon-hit Nueva Ecija residents cry for help In its 11:00 a.m. Monday update, PAGASA said the typhoon has maintained its strength as it continues to move slowly towards Ilocos Norte, Abra and Apayao. It is packing maximum sustained winds of 120 kilometers per hour near the center and gusts of up to 150 kph. "Maaari siyang umabot ng Saturday or Sunday bago lumabas ng Philippine area of responsibility ang Bagyong Lando," PAGASA weather forecaster Aldczar Aurelio said in a press briefing. THE FULL REPORT. RELATED, Girl swept by raging river in N. Vizcaya...

ALSO: Massive flooding in Tuguegarao


Drone poto shows massive flooding in Tuguegarao | ABS-CBN News A drone pilot has taken aerial shots of massive flooding affecting a large portion of Tuguegarao City in Cagayan Valley Monday. The video taken by Bayan Patroller John Ryan Domingo shows the aftermath of the onslaught of Typhoon Lando (international name: Koppu) in the city. Officials said at least nine people were killed by the typhoon all over the country as trees, power lines and walls were toppled and flood waters spread far from riverbeds. ABS-CBN Bayan Mo, I-Patrol Mo, October 19, 2015 THE FULL REPORT.

ALSO: Tropical Storm Koppu (Lando) Drenching the Philippines; Flooding, Mudslides Possible


EVACUEES UIN CABANATUAN CITY Philippines Starts Rebuilding as Koppu Lingers Meteorologist Danielle Banks has the latest on typhoon Koppu that is trying to start clearing the widespread damage while heavy rain and flooding is still a risk to the Philippines. Tropical Storm Koppu, known as Lando in the Philippines, is drenching the country's main northern island of Luzon and will continue to do so through early this week, bringing a risk of life-threatening flash floods and mudslides. More than 2 feet of rain has been reported so far in the northwestern part of the country, and more rain is likely into Wednesday. Among the hardest-hit areas are the eastern coastal towns of Baler and Casiguran, where significant building damage has been reported. Some of the most widespread flooding has been reported in the province of Nueva Ecija, including the inland city of Cabanatuan, about 60 miles north of Manila. The Associated Press reported that some villagers in the province were trapped in their homes and on rooftops. Power outages were reported province wide this weekend in Pangasinan, Cagayan, Isabela, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Apayao, and Kalinga, according to the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. Several deaths have been blamed on Koppu and thousands of others have been displaced. For the lastest news on impacts from Koppu, click the link below. Koppu was downgraded to a tropical storm Monday morning (EDT), however heavy rains from the storm will remain a major threat in the northern Philippines into midweek. In addition, Koppu could eventually bring heavy rain to Taiwan and the southern Japanese Islands later this week. Flood, Mudslide Threat from Days-Long Deluge Koppu (Lando) is a particularly worrisome flood risk because it is expected to move very slowly near the northwest coast of Luzon the next few days. Rainfall potential in a tropical cyclone is largely a function of the cyclone's forward speed, not its wind intensity. Rainfall Totals A look at select rainfall totals since Oct. 15 around the Philippines. In northernwestern Luzon, Baguio had 777.3 millimeters (30.60 inches) of rainfall as of Monday evening, with more than a foot of additional rain possible in the coming days. With Koppu's rainbands covering Luzon and slow movement of the storm, the island could be looking at several days of heavy rainfall from Koppu/Lando before what's left of it finally drifts farther north. Rainbands in tropical cyclones can easily produce more than 2 inches of rain per hour. With additional lift for the moist air provided by Luzon's mountainous terrain, extreme storm totals of 20 to 40 inches (500 to 1,000 millimeters) are likely over parts of Luzon, particularly the Cordillera Autonomous Region encompassing the mountain ranges of northwestern Luzon. Rainfall Forecast Widespread heavy rainfall is likely across the northern Philippines. The exact amounts and locations will depend heavily on Koppu's track, but this is our current forecast for rainfall through Thursday, Oct. 22. One city particularly prone to extreme rainfall in this type of scenario is Baguio, which received more than 2,200 millimeters (87 inches) of rain in four days from a tropical cyclone in 1911. More recently, Typhoon Pepeng (international name Parma) dumped 73 inches of rain in seven days on Baguio in October 2009, unleashing severe flooding and mudslides that killed 465 people in other parts of northwestern Luzon. In August 2015, Typhoon Goni brought more than 28 inches (700 mm) of rain to Baguio and nearby parts of northwestern Luzon in three days, even though it never made landfall in the country. The rain unleashed flash floods and mudslides that accounted for most of the storm's death toll of 33 in the Philippines. Astronomical as those figures may sound, forecasts from two of the world's best-performing computer models – the American GFS and the European ECMWF models – earlier predicted peak rainfall totals far exceeding 50 inches (1,270 millimeters) in the mountains lining the northwestern coast of Luzon. Since then, the center of Koppu's circulation has moved farther west than most of the models had anticipated. In addition, despite the serious flooding in some areas, rainfall amounts observed so far have come in well below expectations for most of northern Luzon. As a result, it does not appear that extreme rainfall totals will occur over as a large an area as earlier feared. Still, the basic ingredients are still in place – westerly onshore winds south of Koppu's center blowing east into a north-south mountain range with a fairly steep rise in elevation. Therefore, there is still a threat of very heavy rainfall, leading to additional mudslides and life-threatening flooding, over parts of northern Luzon. Locally damaging winds may persist for several days thanks to the system's slow movement. The strongest winds will tend to be near the coast. READ MORE


READ FULL MEDIA REPORTS HERE:

THOUSANDS POSSIBLY REMAIN STRANDED


OCTOBER 19, 2015 -Residents carry a gas tank and a chicken across a flooded road Reuters/Erik De Castro

STA ROSA, NUEVA ECIJA, OCTOBER 26, 2015 (GMA NEWS NETWORK) By JOEL GUINTO, Agence France-Presse (UPDATED 6:15 p.m.) Residents of flooded farming villages in the Philippines were trapped on their rooftops on Monday and animals floated down fast-rising rivers, as deadly Typhoon Lando (international name: Lando) dumped more intense rain.

Lando, the second strongest storm to hit the disaster-plagued Southeast Asian archipelago this year, has killed two people and forced more than 60,000 people from their homes, authorities said.

After making landfall on Sunday morning on the east coast of Luzon, the Philippines' biggest island, the slow-moving typhoon has brought heavy rain to some of the nation's most important farming areas.

"I've never seen anything like this. It's the worst flood I've seen in my entire life," farmer Reynaldo Ramos, 68, told AFP as he walked through knee-deep water in Santa Rosa, about two hours' drive north of Manila.

 
Residents wade against strong current in their flooded village Reuters/Erik De Castro

Military, government and volunteer rescue units equipped with rubber boats were trying to help residents in dozens of flooded villages, according to Nigel Lontoc, a regional rescue official.

"The floods are rising fast and some people are now on their rooftops," Lontoc told AFP, but added there were not enough rescuers and he did not know how many have been rescued.

Lontoc said many thousands of people may be stranded in those villages, although it was too early to determine an exact number.

Authorities confirmed at least three people had died because of the storm, but the death toll is expected to rise as full accounts from badly hit villages are gathered.

The storm is forecast to continue dumping heavy rains across the Philippines until Wednesday.

READ MORE...

People, pigs huddle on high ground


Some of the victims of Lando at Castillano, San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija endure the rain, endure hunger Manny Vargas

In Santa Rosa, water buffalo, pigs, goats, dogs, washing machines and furniture lined the sides of a storm-tossed highway, where about 200 residents had been seeking refuge from the floods since Sunday night.

Jun Paddayuman, 27, in shorts and a white singlet caked with mud up to his chest, pointed to his nearby house, where flood waters had risen to the roof.

"The waters arrived suddenly. We did not expect it at all," he told AFP.

Paddayuman said, when the waters first appeared in his house, he waded to the highway carrying his eight-month pregnant wife and leading his three-year-old son by the hand.

He said he had seen geese, chicken and dogs being carried off by the rampaging waters.

Nearby, two men pushed pigs placed on top of truck tyre inner tubes through chest-deep floods in a valiant attempt to save their hog farm.

Wide expanses of rice paddies had disappeared under torrents of knee-deep water throughout the towns and villages north of Manila because of runoff from torrential rain unleashed by Lando on nearby mountain ranges.

Lando initially hit fishing and farming communities on the east coast of Luzon with winds of 210 kilometres an hour, making it the Philippines' second most powerful storm of the year.

By late afternoon on Monday, it was on the far northwest coast of Luzon and nearly out into the South China Sea, with its strongest winds weakening to 150 kilometres an hour, the state weather service said.

But Lando was still dumping heavy rain and it was forecast to cut back northeast over Luzon and not leave the country until Wednesday.


Knee-deep flood at Brgy. Sto. Cristo, San Isidro, Nueva Ecija Manny Vargas

The Philippines is hit with about 20 major storms a year, many of them deadly.

The most powerful storm ever recorded on land, Super Typhoon Haiyan, hit the Philippines in 2013, killing or leaving missing at least 7,350 people.

Lando had so far claimed relatively few lives, partly because the typhoon directly passed through sparsely populated mountain and coastal ranges.

The coast guard also reported that seven passengers aboard a small ferry were killed when it capsized in rough seas off the central island of Guimaras on Sunday.

However, authorities said the accident was not caused by the storm, which was more than 500 kilometres away. —Agence France-Presse


ABS-CBN

Boat capsizes off Iloilo; 7 dead ABS-CBNnews.com Posted at 10/19/2015 5:17 PM


Boat capsizes off Iloilo; 7 dead ABS-CBN TWEET OCTOBER 19, 2015

ILOILO – Seven people died after a passenger boat capsized off the coast of Iloilo on Sunday afternoon.

According to the Philippine Coast Guard, the M/B Tawash, bound for Jordan in Guimaras, had just left Parola Wharf in Iloilo City when it capsized due to strong winds and powerful waves.

The seven fatalities were identified as:

1. Ruben Gania
2. Larry Abilla
3. Cora Ganila
4. Cristine Darryl Vasquez
5. Luke Shyll Matta
6. Mark Reial Matta
7. Mary Ann Geranda Gallego

The Philippine National Police said at least 30 passengers were rescued. Two remain missing and efforts are underway to rescue them.

Sea vessels were not allowed to travel Sunday morning due to a gale warning raised over Iloilo but they were allowed to leave the port by 12:30 p.m. once the warning was lifted.

The weather was good when the boat was allowed to leave the port, PCG officials said.

PAGASA had warned against sea travel over the seaboard of Luzon and Visayas due to risky conditions.- reports from Zeny Quilantang and Jenel Baclay, ABS-CBN News Iloilo


ABS-CBN

Rice field in Pangasinan submerged by raging flood ABS-CBNnews.com Posted at 10/19/2015 4:54 PM


SCREENGRAB FROM VIDEO NEWS

MANILA - A resident of Bugallon, Pangasinan was shocked after seeing hectares of rice field just outside their house turned into a gushing river as Typhoon "Lando" pounded Northern and Central Luzon with strong winds and heavy rains on Monday.

Dr. Mariel Tapia of Barangay Poblacion told ABS-CBNnews.com that this is the first time their area experienced massive flooding.

"We were completely surprised when we woke up and the water at our back seems to be like this na," she said.

Tapia said they thought that the effect of the typhoon would ease come afternoon. Instead, the wind and rain got stronger by noontime.

"Lando" first hit Casiguran and Baler in Aurora at Sunday dawn.

LOOK: Typhoon Lando makes landfall

It then unleashed its fury in Nueva Ecija on Sunday evening, triggering massive floods.

READ: Typhoon-hit Nueva Ecija residents cry for help

In its 11:00 a.m. Monday update, PAGASA said the typhoon has maintained its strength as it continues to move slowly towards Ilocos Norte, Abra and Apayao.

It is packing maximum sustained winds of 120 kilometers per hour near the center and gusts of up to 150 kph.

"Maaari siyang umabot ng Saturday or Sunday bago lumabas ng Philippine area of responsibility ang Bagyong Lando," PAGASA weather forecaster Aldczar Aurelio said in a press briefing.

----------------------------------------------------------------

RELATED FROM ABS-CBN

Girl swept by raging river in N. Vizcaya ABS-CBNnews.com Posted at 10/19/2015 11:34 AM


SCREENGRAB VIDEO NEWS

MANILA – A 6-year-old girl has been reported missing in Nueva Vizcaya after being swept by raging river waters on Sunday.

Rescuers failed to catch the girl, who was swept away in the river along with her brother.

The missing girl's brother, 11, was fortunately rescued.

In Isabela, meanwhile, authorities said the province did not sustain severe damage brought by the Typhoon Lando's winds, but residents are being reminded to remain cautious as rain water coming from the mountains might cause the Cagayan River to swell. – report from Atom Araullo, ABS-CBN News


ABS-CBN

Massive flooding in Tuguegarao Bayan Patroller John Ryan Domingo Posted at 10/19/2015 4:43 PM


Drone poto shows massive flooding in Tuguegarao | ABS-CBN News

A drone pilot has taken aerial shots of massive flooding affecting a large portion of Tuguegarao City in Cagayan Valley Monday.

The video taken by Bayan Patroller John Ryan Domingo shows the aftermath of the onslaught of Typhoon Lando (international name: Koppu) in the city.

Officials said at least nine people were killed by the typhoon all over the country as trees, power lines and walls were toppled and flood waters spread far from riverbeds.

ABS-CBN Bayan Mo, I-Patrol Mo, October 19, 2015


WEATHER.COM

Tropical Storm Koppu (Lando) Drenching the Philippines; Flooding, Mudslides Possible By Nick Wiltgen Published Oct 19 2015 12:46 PM EDT weather.com


EVACUEES IN CABANATUAN CITY

Philippines Starts Rebuilding as Koppu Lingers Meteorologist Danielle Banks has the latest on typhoon Koppu that is trying to start clearing the widespread damage while heavy rain and flooding is still a risk to the Philippines.

Tropical Storm Koppu, known as Lando in the Philippines, is drenching the country's main northern island of Luzon and will continue to do so through early this week, bringing a risk of life-threatening flash floods and mudslides. More than 2 feet of rain has been reported so far in the northwestern part of the country, and more rain is likely into Wednesday.

Among the hardest-hit areas are the eastern coastal towns of Baler and Casiguran, where significant building damage has been reported. Some of the most widespread flooding has been reported in the province of Nueva Ecija, including the inland city of Cabanatuan, about 60 miles north of Manila. The Associated Press reported that some villagers in the province were trapped in their homes and on rooftops.

Power outages were reported province wide this weekend in Pangasinan, Cagayan, Isabela, Quirino, Nueva Vizcaya, Aurora, Nueva Ecija, Apayao, and Kalinga, according to the Philippines National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council. Several deaths have been blamed on Koppu and thousands of others have been displaced. For the lastest news on impacts from Koppu, click the link below.

Koppu was downgraded to a tropical storm Monday morning (EDT), however heavy rains from the storm will remain a major threat in the northern Philippines into midweek. In addition, Koppu could eventually bring heavy rain to Taiwan and the southern Japanese Islands later this week.

Flood, Mudslide Threat from Days-Long Deluge Koppu (Lando) is a particularly worrisome flood risk because it is expected to move very slowly near the northwest coast of Luzon the next few days.

Rainfall potential in a tropical cyclone is largely a function of the cyclone's forward speed, not its wind intensity.

Rainfall Totals

Rainfall Totals A look at select rainfall totals since Oct. 15 around the Philippines. In northernwestern Luzon, Baguio had 777.3 millimeters (30.60 inches) of rainfall as of Monday evening, with more than a foot of additional rain possible in the coming days.

With Koppu's rainbands covering Luzon and slow movement of the storm, the island could be looking at several days of heavy rainfall from Koppu/Lando before what's left of it finally drifts farther north.

Rainbands in tropical cyclones can easily produce more than 2 inches of rain per hour. With additional lift for the moist air provided by Luzon's mountainous terrain, extreme storm totals of 20 to 40 inches (500 to 1,000 millimeters) are likely over parts of Luzon, particularly the Cordillera Autonomous Region encompassing the mountain ranges of northwestern Luzon.

Rainfall Forecast


Rainfall Forecast
Widespread heavy rainfall is likely across the northern Philippines. The exact amounts and locations will depend heavily on Koppu's track, but this is our current forecast for rainfall through Thursday, Oct. 22.

One city particularly prone to extreme rainfall in this type of scenario is Baguio, which received more than 2,200 millimeters (87 inches) of rain in four days from a tropical cyclone in 1911. More recently, Typhoon Pepeng (international name Parma) dumped 73 inches of rain in seven days on Baguio in October 2009, unleashing severe flooding and mudslides that killed 465 people in other parts of northwestern Luzon.

In August 2015, Typhoon Goni brought more than 28 inches (700 mm) of rain to Baguio and nearby parts of northwestern Luzon in three days, even though it never made landfall in the country. The rain unleashed flash floods and mudslides that accounted for most of the storm's death toll of 33 in the Philippines.

Astronomical as those figures may sound, forecasts from two of the world's best-performing computer models – the American GFS and the European ECMWF models – earlier predicted peak rainfall totals far exceeding 50 inches (1,270 millimeters) in the mountains lining the northwestern coast of Luzon.

Since then, the center of Koppu's circulation has moved farther west than most of the models had anticipated. In addition, despite the serious flooding in some areas, rainfall amounts observed so far have come in well below expectations for most of northern Luzon.

As a result, it does not appear that extreme rainfall totals will occur over as a large an area as earlier feared.

Still, the basic ingredients are still in place – westerly onshore winds south of Koppu's center blowing east into a north-south mountain range with a fairly steep rise in elevation.

Therefore, there is still a threat of very heavy rainfall, leading to additional mudslides and life-threatening flooding, over parts of northern Luzon.

Locally damaging winds may persist for several days thanks to the system's slow movement. The strongest winds will tend to be near the coast.

READ MORE...

Given moist soil from the torrential rain, falling trees will continue to be a significant threat, even in areas that don't see the strongest winds. Widespread power outages have already occurred.

The government of the Philippines, which has recently undertaken considerable effort to improve its disaster management system, is actively planning ahead, anticipating the potential for serious flash flooding and mudslides.

Some 15 to 20 million people live in the area of northern Luzon north of Manila, many of them in cities with steep hillsides or flood-prone rivers, and in some cases both.

The Philippine weather agency, PAGASA, had hoisted Storm Signal No. 4 for Aurora province and the southern half of Isabela province. There are no longer any areas under the No. 3 or No. 4 storm signals, which warn of winds exceeding 120 and 170 kph (75 and 106 kph), respectively.

As of PAGASA's 5 p.m. bulletin Monday, Storm Signal No. 2 remained in effect for much of northwestern and far northeastern Luzon, including the provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra, Apayao, Kalinga, Mt. Province and Cagayan including Calayan and Babuyan group of Islands. This means winds of 61 to 120 kph (39 to 75 mph) are possible within 24 hours.

Storm Signal No. 1 for 30- to 60-kph (19- to 38-mph) winds remains hoisted for the rest of northeastern and central Luzon.

Also worrisome is the potential for torrential rainfall in Metro Manila, one of the world's most densely populated cities with an estimated population of some 12 million people on an area of land the size of New York City minus Staten Island. Locally heavy rain could trigger dangerous flash flooding there.

(FORECASTS: Manila)

Future Beyond the Philippines

Typical of tropical cyclone forecasts beyond three days, uncertainty exists in the future track of Koppu (Lando) once it departs the Philippines.

Typhoon Koppu: Track Forecast Typhoon Koppu: Track Forecast The shaded area depicts the forecast path of the center of Koppu over the next five days; the first three days are shaded red. Some forecast models show Koppu taking a painfully slow northward track this week, starting near or over the Philippines and continuing toward the vicinity of Taiwan, the southernmost islands of Japan.

Koppu would likely be much weaker, following its prolonged interaction with land in Luzon, but this would bring exceptionally heavy rainfall to Taiwan and, to a lesser degree, southern Japan.


BARANGAY CAMANUTAN, ISABELA PROVINCE

High surf and storm surge would also be potential problems. However, unless Koppu spends far less time over land than currently expected, its residency over Luzon should reduce its winds to levels well below those required to cause significant damage in Taiwan and southern Japan, where most of the infrastructure is built to withstand extremely strong typhoons.

(FORECASTS: Taipei)

Rapid Intensification Occurred This Weekend Favorable winds aloft, spreading apart from the center of the typhoon, helped the super typhoon strengthen as very warm seawater fed moisture and warm air into its core of powerful thunderstorm activity.

Koppu (Lando) may have attained Category 5 equivalent status prior to landfall, but there was no official advisory at the time of landfall from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center.


ZARAGOSA TOWNSHIP, NUEVA ECIJA PROVINCE

The Japan Meteorological Agency, which uses a different intensity scale and a 10-minute average for computing sustained wind speeds, rated Koppu (Lando) a "very strong typhoon," its second-highest category, with maximum sustained winds of 100 knots (115 mph) at the time of landfall. JMA estimated the typhoon's minimum central pressure upon landfall to be 920 millibars.

According to NOAA's best track database, only 11 Category 5 equivalent super typhoons have made landfall in Luzon since 1952. The last to do so was Megi exactly five years ago to the day of Koppu's landfall (Oct. 18, 2010).

Because it is one of the most tropical cyclone-prone coastlines on Earth, settlement along the east coast of northern Luzon is quite sparse. A large part of the coastline is virtually uninhabited, but Koppu (Lando) crossed the coast south of the most desolate zone and instead hit Aurora, a province of about 200,000 people that hugs the eastern coastline of Luzon northeast of Manila.

Koppu's Landfall Koppu (Lando) made landfall as a super typhoon near Casiguran in Luzon's Aurora province at 1 a.m. local time Sunday morning after a long-feared rapid intensification. The U.S. military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center estimated its top sustained one-minute winds at 150 mph (240 kph) before landfall, the equivalent of a Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

Based on JTWC data, Koppu (Lando) is the strongest landfalling tropical cyclone on Luzon in five years. The most ominous threat for the Philippines, however, should be its prolific rainfall as it grinds across the mountains and valleys of Luzon, the main island of the northern Philippines and home to almost half of the country's 98 million people.

Meteorologists Jonathan Erdman, Quincy Vagell and Chris Dolce contributed to this story.


Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

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