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PHNO HEADLINE NEWS THIS PAST WEEK
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SC ORDERS GOVT TO ANSWER 'PORK' RAPS; LUMP SUM, DISCRETIONARY FUNDS IN 2015 CHALLENGED
[Philconsa said that a show cause order should be issued against Secretary Abad for his “flagrant disobedience, resistance, and disregard of the decisions of the Supreme Court in the PDAF and DAP cases.”]


OCTOBER 7 -The President uses pork barrel to control Congress -Osmena Manila Bulletin file The Supreme Court (SC) yesterday ordered the Executive and the Legislative branches of government to answer in 10 days the petition filed by the Philippine Constitution Association (Philconsa) that challenged as unconstitutional the lump sum and discretionary fund provisions in the 2015 national budget. Ordered to file their answers to the petition were Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr., Budget Secretary Florencio Abad, and the ranking officials of Congress and the Commission on Audit (COA). The SC issued the directive during its full court session, presided by Acting Chief Justice Arturo D. Brion In its petition, Philconsa said the lump sum and discretionary funds resurrected the already outlawed Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) and the voided practices under the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP). EMBEDDED ‘PORK’ It pointed out that an examination of the 2015 budget showed “scandalous and unconscionable freight” of lump sum appropriations amounting to P424,144,763,000 “cleverly embedded” in nine strategic departments and two agencies of the executive department, which the group said were “highly vulnerable to the whirligig of transactional, rent-seeking and patronage politics.” READ MORE...

ALSO: There has to be lump sums in national budget – Palace
[In filing the SC petition, Philconsa cited the “scandalous and unconscionable freight” of P424-billion lump sum that were “cleverly embedded” in nine departments and two agencies. The two agencies of the executive department are directly under the office of President Aquino.]


OCTOBER 8 --Presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda underscored the need for the national government to regularly allocate contingency funds for calamities like Super Typhoon Yolanda that devastated the Visayas and killed at least 6,000 people in November 2013. Philstar.com/AJ Bolando
 Malacañang admitted yesterday there were lump sums in the annual budget but that these were intended to ensure ready funding for emergency expenses, such as during calamities.
Presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda made the clarification as he assured the Supreme Court of the executive department’s prompt reply to a directive that it answer a petition filed by the Philippine Constitution Association questioning the billions of pesos in lump sum allocations this year. “We will not hesitate to respond. We are in good, sound legal footing. What (Budget Secretary Florencio) Butch Abad said publicly in media, we will defend before the courts,” he told reporters in a briefing. Lacierda underscored the need for the national government to regularly allocate contingency funds for calamities like Super Typhoon Yolanda that devastated the Visayas and killed at least 6,000 people in November 2013. “There are lump sums that are necessary, for instance contingency fund,” he said. “How do you predict how many storms are coming? You know I would be glad if Neri Colmenares will be able to divine to us how many storms will come in 2015 or 2016,” he said, referring to the Bayan Muna party-list congressman. “It’s something that’s very hard to specify. So out of necessity, you need to have such fund as Secretary Butch Abad has always said,” Lacierda said in Filipino. “We’re not denying it – especially the contingency fund,” he said. “Until such time that they can define to us how much it will cost per typhoon and how many typhoons will be coming in a given year in our country, it will always have to be a fund that will be parked in a place where it will answer all the concerns for disaster,” he maintained. Philconsa, led by its president Leyte Rep. Martin Romualdez, along with former budget secretary Benjamin Diokno, former senator Francisco Tatad and Archbishops Fernando Capalla, Romulo de la Cruz and Ramon Arguelles, filed a petition with the SC seeking the issuance of a temporary restraining order (TRO) on the implementation of provisions in the Constitution that make the allocation of lump sums possible. READ MORE...RELATED, Palace ready to answer lump sum case in SC

ALSO: Budget about-to-be-passed; P573-B ‘insertions’ in Noy 2016 budget revealed


OCTOBER 10 -UNTV COMPOSITE FILE PHOTO: (Left) Bayan Muna Partylist Rep. Neri Colmenares; (Right) President Benigno Aquino III (UNTV News)FILE PHOTO
The about-to-be-passed 2016 national budget is pockmarked with P573 billion of discretionary funds stashed in juicy government agencies, a lawmaker yesterday said. Bayan Muna Rep Neri Colmenares pointed out that Malacañang circumvented the Supreme Court ruling on the pork barrel by allocating huge discretionary funds in the various agencies.He maintained that lump sums should be limited to calamity fund, contingency fund and intelligence funds of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police. “The administration is perpetuating pork barrel in the budget. They lied when they said lump sums are limited to calamity fund or other emergencies. The DPWH (Department of Public Works and Highways) has a P6-billion lump sum for a feasibility study and other drainage projects and road networks that are not related to typhoons or disaster response. In fact, the calamity fund is only P22 billion,” Colmenares stressed. “Malacañang is obviously skirting the Supreme Court ruling on pork barrel. They can’t justify this by arguing that lump sums are for calamity fund because they can’t even release the fund for Yolanda victims. These lump sums are pork barrel and campaign fund for 2016,” he noted. The lawmaker stressed these lump sums are not itemized and could be easily stolen.
“We need to have them itemized so the CoA (Commission on Audit) can easily scrutinize it,” Colmenares said.  Congress is winding up its plenary debates on the proposed General Appropriations Act for 2016 and is expected to approve the P3-trillion budget measure on third and final reading yesterday.
Sen. Ralph Recto, for his part, noted that not a single centavo in the proposed 2016 budget has been allocated by the Executive to help cushion the impact of the project long dry spell in the country despite reports of the impending threats of El Niño.  “Is there a single peso in the P3-trillion budget which is labeled as an El Niño mitigation fund? The answer is no,” he lamented. READ MORE...

ALSO: Palace defends 2016 budget


OCTOBER 11 -VALTE
Malacañang yesterday defended the proposed national budget for next year amid allegations it was laden with lump sums and provisions that would allow juggling of funds the administration can use for the elections. Deputy presidential spokesman Abigail Valte denied allegations the bill’s approval was railroaded, saying there had been lengthy discussions on the measure. “To us in the executive that’s also considered another thesis defense, to face our fellows in Congress to be able to defend our agency or office budget,” Valte said. She said the Senate still has to scrutinize the House-approved bill. Valte said opposition to the measure was expected, but since a majority of House members voted to approve it, the system at Congress must be respected. Valte and Budget Secretary Florencio Abad thanked the House of Representatives led by Speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. for passing House Bill 6132 on third and final reading Friday night. “Careful consideration and prompt action on the administration’s budget proposal set the momentum for the timely passage of the General Appropriations Act of 2016,” Abad said. He said the DBM values its partnership with Congress and appreciates its support for the administration’s commitment to craft a budget that is “not business-as-usual.” READ MORE...

ALSO INFOGRAPHIC: How PNoy admin plans to spend P3-trillion 2016 budget


The Aquino administration has submitted its proposed 2016 national budget to Congress. For the first time, the budget will be over P3 trillion. How is the government planning to spend the money? Check out in the infographic below generated from data compiled by GMA News Research. —Data compiled by GMA News Research/JST, GMA News - VIEW INFOGRAPHIC BELOW...


READ FULL MEDIA REPORTS HERE:

Answer ‘pork’ raps, SC orders gov’t; Lump sum, discretionary fund provisions in 2015 budget challenged


The President uses pork barrel to control Congress -Osmena MDB FILE

MANILA, OCTOBER 12, 2015 (MANILA BULLETIN) by Rey G. Panaligan October 7, 2015 - The Supreme Court (SC) yesterday ordered the Executive and the Legislative branches of government to answer in 10 days the petition filed by the Philippine Constitution Association (Philconsa) that challenged as unconstitutional the lump sum and discretionary fund provisions in the 2015 national budget.

Ordered to file their answers to the petition were Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr., Budget Secretary Florencio Abad, and the ranking officials of Congress and the Commission on Audit (COA).

The SC issued the directive during its full court session, presided by Acting Chief Justice Arturo D. Brion

In its petition, Philconsa said the lump sum and discretionary funds resurrected the already outlawed Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) and the voided practices under the Disbursement Acceleration Program (DAP).

EMBEDDED ‘PORK’

It pointed out that an examination of the 2015 budget showed “scandalous and unconscionable freight” of lump sum appropriations amounting to P424,144,763,000 “cleverly embedded” in nine strategic departments and two agencies of the executive department, which the group said were “highly vulnerable to the whirligig of transactional, rent-seeking and patronage politics.”

READ MORE...

It asked the SC to stop the government from implementing Sections 65, 70, and 73 of the 2015 General Appropriations Act (GAA) and special provisions for special purpose funds (SPF).

Philconsa, led by its president and Leyte Rep. Ferdinand Martin Romualdez, also asked the SC to compel COA to issue notice of disallowance to all disbursements and releases out of the challenged GAA provisions.

Aside from Romualdez, the other petitioners are former Sen. Francisco “Kit” Tatad, former Budget Secretary Benjamin Diokno, former National Security Adviser Norberto Gonzales, and Catholic Archbishops Ramon Arguelles, Fernando Capalla, and Romulo de la Cruz.

‘FLAGRANT DISOBEDIENCE’


Philconsa officials led by Manuel Lazaro and Manolo Gorospe file a petition questioning the alleged lump sum and discretionary funds in the 2015 budget at the Supreme Court yesterday. With them are former budget secretary Benjamin Diokno and former senator Francisco Tatad. Edd Gumban PHILSTAR FILE POSTED SEPTEMBER 29, 2015

Philconsa said that a show cause order should be issued against Secretary Abad for his “flagrant disobedience, resistance, and disregard of the decisions of the Supreme Court in the PDAF and DAP cases.”

Under the 2015 GAA, Section 65 provides for lump sum appropriations; Section 70 defines savings as portions or balances of any unreleased appropriations in the GAA that were not obligated; and Section 73 contains rules in the realignment of allotment classes and reprioritization of items of appropriations.

“Realignment of allotment classes and reprioritization of items of appropriations are species and varieties of transfer and augmentation prohibited under Section 25 (5), Article IV of the Constitution,” Philconsa said.

It stressed that while it is only three months left before the year ends, “it is not yet too late for the SC to act.”

“This case is the golden and historic occasion for the Supreme Court to establish an impregnable wall to block the genre of conscienceless politicians and politics to politicize, pollute, and desecrate the Constitution in the preparation and implementation of the General Appropriations Act,” it said.

The first petition against certain provisions in the 2015 budget was filed by several anti-corruption groups, led by former national treasurer Leonor Briones, who is now with Social Watch Philippines.

Sought to be declared unconstitutional in the Briones-led petition were Sections 70 and 73 of the 2015 General Appropriations Act (GAA), including National Budget Circular No. 559 (NBC 559) and some provisions under the Special Purpose Fund.

“Petitioners call on this Honorable Court to prevent the Legislative and the Executive from making the Constitution or the ruling in the Belgica or Araullo illusory. Whether it is through deceptive or creative schemes, the Executive and the Legislative branches should be prevented from doing indirectly what they cannot legally do directly,” the petition stated.

The Belgica and Araullo decisions pertain to the declaration of unconstitutionality of PDAF and certain practices under the DAP, respectively.


PHILSTAR

There has to be lump sums in national budget – Palace By Delon Porcalla (The Philippine Star) | Updated October 8, 2015 - 12:00am 0 0 googleplus0 0


Presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda underscored the need for the national government to regularly allocate contingency funds for calamities like Super Typhoon Yolanda that devastated the Visayas and killed at least 6,000 people in November 2013. Philstar.com/AJ Bolando

MANILA, Philippines - Malacañang admitted yesterday there were lump sums in the annual budget but that these were intended to ensure ready funding for emergency expenses, such as during calamities.

Presidential spokesman Edwin Lacierda made the clarification as he assured the Supreme Court of the executive department’s prompt reply to a directive that it answer a petition filed by the Philippine Constitution Association questioning the billions of pesos in lump sum allocations this year.

“We will not hesitate to respond. We are in good, sound legal footing. What (Budget Secretary Florencio) Butch Abad said publicly in media, we will defend before the courts,” he told reporters in a briefing.

Lacierda underscored the need for the national government to regularly allocate contingency funds for calamities like Super Typhoon Yolanda that devastated the Visayas and killed at least 6,000 people in November 2013.

“There are lump sums that are necessary, for instance contingency fund,” he said. “How do you predict how many storms are coming? You know I would be glad if Neri Colmenares will be able to divine to us how many storms will come in 2015 or 2016,” he said, referring to the Bayan Muna party-list congressman.

“It’s something that’s very hard to specify. So out of necessity, you need to have such fund as Secretary Butch Abad has always said,” Lacierda said in Filipino. “We’re not denying it – especially the contingency fund,” he said.

“Until such time that they can define to us how much it will cost per typhoon and how many typhoons will be coming in a given year in our country, it will always have to be a fund that will be parked in a place where it will answer all the concerns for disaster,” he maintained.


PHILCONSA PRESIDENT MARTIN ROMUALDEZ, 3rd from Ledt---Former Chief Justice Reynato Puno, president emeritus of the Philippine Constitution Association, awards a plaque of recognition to Philconsa president and Leyte Rep. Ferdinand Martin Romualdez. The awarding rites were held during Philconsa’s regular membership meeting at Manila Golf and Country Club in Makati City. Looking on are Philconsa Chairman-CEO Manuel Lazaro and Chairman Emeritus Ambassador Alfonso Yuchengco (left). VER NOVENO PHILSTAR FILE

Philconsa, led by its president Leyte Rep. Martin Romualdez, along with former budget secretary Benjamin Diokno, former senator Francisco Tatad and Archbishops Fernando Capalla, Romulo de la Cruz and Ramon Arguelles, filed a petition with the SC seeking the issuance of a temporary restraining order (TRO) on the implementation of provisions in the Constitution that make the allocation of lump sums possible.

READ MORE...

In a full bench session Tuesday presided over by Justice Arturo Brion, the SC ordered Malacañang and Congress to respond to Philconsa’s claims in its petition. An insider said the SC gave the respondents 10 days from receipt of notice to comply with the order.

Earlier this month, a group led by former national treasurer Leonor Briones of anti-corruption watchdog Social Watch Philippines filed a similar petition. In that case, the SC also ordered the government to answer the petition.

Abad said lawmakers were actually to blame for the existence of lump sums as they were the ones who approved the budget program.

“The 2015 budget is an act of Congress. We are just implementing it,” the budget chief said.

In filing the SC petition, Philconsa cited the “scandalous and unconscionable freight” of P424-billion lump sum that were “cleverly embedded” in nine departments and two agencies.

The two agencies of the executive department are directly under the office of President Aquino.

Among the specific unconstitutional provisions the petitioners cited in the General Appropriations Act of 2015 were Section 65 on lump sum appropriations, Section 70 which redefined “savings” and Section 73 which allowed realignment of funds.

-------------------------------------------------

RELATED FROM PHILSTAR

Palace ready to answer lump sum case in SC By Louis Bacani (philstar.com) | Updated October 7, 2015 - 5:44pm 1 9 googleplus0 0


President Benigno Aquino III (right) addresses the nation in a live broadcast from the Malacañang Palace in July 2014. In his speech, Aquino defended his administration's Disbursement Acceleration Program from the Supreme Court (left). AP/Bulllit Marquez | Edd Gumban

MANILA, Philippines - Malacañang said Wednesday that it is ready to answer before the Supreme Court (SC) allegations of lump sum and discretionary funds in the 2015 national budget.

"We will not hesitate to respond," Presidential Spokesperson Edwin Lacierda said in a press briefing. "We are in good sound legal footing. What (Budget Secretary) Butch Abad said publicly in media, we will defend before the courts."

On Tuesday, the SC required the Palace and Congress to comment on the petition for temporary restraining order (TRO) on certain provisions of the 2015 General Appropriations Act (GAA) and special purpose funds (SPF) filed by the Philippine Constitution Association (Philconsa) last week.

In its 30-page petition, Philconsa asked the SC to issue a TRO on the implementation of Sections 65, 70 and 73 of the 2015 GAA as well as on special provisions for SPF.

Section 65 of the GAA provides for lump sum appropriations while Section 70 defines savings as portions or balances of any unreleased appropriations in the GAA that were not obligated. Section 73, meanwhile, contains the rules on the realignment of allotment classes and reprioritization of items of appropriations.

READ MORE...

Philconsa asked the SC to declare all three provisions as unconstitutional.

Lacierda said the lump sums in the 2015 national budget such as the contingency funds are necessary.

"Those who questioned, for instance, contingency fund, until such time that they can define to us how much it will cost per typhoon and how many typhoons will be coming in a given year in our country, it will always have to be a fund that will be parked in a place where it will answer all the concerns for disaster," he said.

"So, talagang of necessity, magkakaroon ka talaga ng ganung mga pondo at sinasabi naman ni Secretary Butch Abad iyon. Hindi naman natin ikinakailala na meron, for instance, 'yung contingency fund lalo na," Lacierda added.

Earlier, Abad washed his hands of the lump sums in the 2015 national budget, claiming that lawmakers are to blame for the allocation.

"The 2015 budget is an act of Congress. We are just implementing it," he said.


TRIBUNE

P573-B ‘insertions’ in Noy 2016 budget revealed
Written by Gerry Baldo and Angie M. Rosales Saturday, 10 October 2015 00:00


UNTV COMPOSITE FILE PHOTO: (Left) Bayan Muna Partylist Rep. Neri Colmenares; (Right) President Benigno Aquino III (UNTV News)FILE PHOTO

The about-to-be-passed 2016 national budget is pockmarked with P573 billion of discretionary funds stashed in juicy government agencies, a lawmaker yesterday said.

Bayan Muna Rep Neri Colmenares pointed out that Malacañang circumvented the Supreme Court ruling on the pork barrel by allocating huge discretionary funds in the various agencies.

He maintained that lump sums should be limited to calamity fund, contingency fund and intelligence funds of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police.

“The administration is perpetuating pork barrel in the budget. They lied when they said lump sums are limited to calamity fund or other emergencies. The DPWH (Department of Public Works and Highways) has a P6-billion lump sum for a feasibility study and other drainage projects and road networks that are not related to typhoons or disaster response. In fact, the calamity fund is only P22 billion,” Colmenares stressed.

“Malacañang is obviously skirting the Supreme Court ruling on pork barrel. They can’t justify this by arguing that lump sums are for calamity fund because they can’t even release the fund for Yolanda victims. These lump sums are pork barrel and campaign fund for 2016,” he noted.

The lawmaker stressed these lump sums are not itemized and could be easily stolen.

“We need to have them itemized so the CoA (Commission on Audit) can easily scrutinize it,” Colmenares said.

Congress is winding up its plenary debates on the proposed General Appropriations Act for 2016 and is expected to approve the P3-trillion budget measure on third and final reading yesterday.

Sen. Ralph Recto, for his part, noted that not a single centavo in the proposed 2016 budget has been allocated by the Executive to help cushion the impact of the project long dry spell in the country despite reports of the impending threats of El Niño.

“Is there a single peso in the P3-trillion budget which is labeled as an El Niño mitigation fund? The answer is no,” he lamented.

READ MORE

Although there are some items in the proposed 2016 budget that can be tapped to mitigate the effects brought about by El Niño which is dampening economic growth, these should be classified from the very start.

“The challenge is to set aside and label these funds as El Niño mitigation resources,” Recto said, adding farm and disaster budgets for 2016 be identified as El Niño adaptation programs.

“El Niño should be a macroeconomic assumption of the budget. If treated as such, then we can tailor the budget so that the end result is that there will be no drought of funds in tackling El Niño. It’s better if funds to address El Niño are itemized. That way we can set targets and pinpoint responsibility,” the senator added.



Among those items Recto was referring that can be tapped include the following:

P53.4 billion for the Department of Agriculture, including P5 billion in budgetary support to six DA-attached agencies;

P38.4 billion for the four agencies under the Office of the Presidential Assistant for Food Security and Agricultural Modernization (OPAFSAM), broken down as follows:

P32.7 billion for the National Irrigation Administration (NIA);

P4.2 billion for the National Food Authority (NFA);
P1.3 billion for the Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA); and
P80 million for the Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority; and
P38.9 billion for the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management also known as the Calamity Fund.
 
“In all, there’s almost P131 billion next year from which funds for El Niño mitigation can be drawn. The next step is to create specific mandates in each for El Niño abatement,” Recto said.

In calling for such earmarking, Recto cited next year’s Calamity Fund which sets aside P18.9 billion for reconstruction of Yolanda-hit areas.

“At present, if you examine the budget of these agencies, you can’t find a specific instruction on El Niño. My take is that it should be incorporated there even for signaling purposes, to convey to our farmers the message of hope that there’s money to fight off this dry spell,” he said.

Recto, however, said the government need not wait for 2016, to kick-start El Niño mitigation measures.

In its second semester outlook, the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) said 32 provinces will be affected by the dry spell which will begin in July and taper off in May 2016.

“It should be done now. You prepare for dry spell when there’s still some rain. When you start building a dam when the spring had dried up, then it’s too late,” Recto said in stressing that “2015 funds are still available.”

He cited the case of the P14 billion Calamity Fund this year whose latest balance, according to the Department of Budget and Management’s records, is P9.6 billion.
Despite concerns in the proposed budget, Speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. said he is confident the House of Representatives can pass the General Appropriations Bill on October 9, after Malacañang certified the measure as urgent.

The House leader added that with the latest development, they can finish the job and pass it to third and final reading so they can transmit it to Senate.

Majority Leader Neptali Gonzales II had earlier said the House leadership requested for the certification amid worries the lower chamber might find it hard to muster a quorum by next month because of the election season.

Both the House and the Senate are set to go on a break and resume sessions on November 3 after lawmakers shall have filed their certificates of candidacy on October 12 to 16.

Based on allocation by sector, social services will have the biggest budget allocation of P1.1059 trillion, which is 36.8 percent of the proposed budget.

It covers education, healthcare, housing and social welfare and employment.
Economic services took the second largest budget allocation with P829.6 billion, which is 27.64 percent of the proposed budget.

Transport and communications infrastructure will get the bulk of this budget. General Public Services will get P517.9 billion, debt burden P419.3 billion, and interest payment P392.8 billion.

Lastly, defense will get P129.1 billion. This allocation will fund the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) modernization amid the territorial disputes with China.


PHILSTAR

Palace defends 2016 budget By Aurea Calica (The Philippine Star) | Updated October 11, 2015 - 12:00am 1 12 googleplus0 0


VALTE

MANILA, Philippines - Malacañang yesterday defended the proposed national budget for next year amid allegations it was laden with lump sums and provisions that would allow juggling of funds the administration can use for the elections.

Deputy presidential spokesman Abigail Valte denied allegations the bill’s approval was railroaded, saying there had been lengthy discussions on the measure.

“To us in the executive that’s also considered another thesis defense, to face our fellows in Congress to be able to defend our agency or office budget,” Valte said.

She said the Senate still has to scrutinize the House-approved bill.

Valte said opposition to the measure was expected, but since a majority of House members voted to approve it, the system at Congress must be respected.

Valte and Budget Secretary Florencio Abad thanked the House of Representatives led by Speaker Feliciano Belmonte Jr. for passing House Bill 6132 on third and final reading Friday night.

“Careful consideration and prompt action on the administration’s budget proposal set the momentum for the timely passage of the General Appropriations Act of 2016,” Abad said.

He said the DBM values its partnership with Congress and appreciates its support for the administration’s commitment to craft a budget that is “not business-as-usual.”

READ MORE...

He said House and the DBM worked together to produce a budget that buttressed the foundation for good governance reforms since 2010.

“Through our combined efforts, we have ended a decade of frequent budget reenactments and started a new tradition of timely passage of the budget,” Abad said.

“We have produced a budget that moved away from the practice of incremental and leakage-prone allocation of scarce resources and lump-sum appropriations and moved toward performance-based outcome budgeting,” he added.

Abad said agencies also managed to swiftly implement priority programs and projects while communities now have a say on how funds may be used to address their needs.

“We have hammered the nuts and bolts of key public financial management reforms in place but now we must ensure that they cannot be moved or lost,” he said.


GMA NEWS NETWORK

INFOGRAPHIC: How PNoy admin plans to spend P3-trillion 2016 budget July 29, 2015 2:53pm Tags: 2016nationalbudget, multimedia Design by JESSICA BARTOLOME, GMA News

The Aquino administration has submitted its proposed 2016 national budget to Congress. For the first time, the budget will be over P3 trillion. How is the government planning to spend the money? Check out in the infographic below generated from data compiled by GMA News Research. —Data compiled by GMA News Research/JST, GMA News


Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

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