The devastation caused by Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan), are seen Sunday, Nov. 10, 2013, in Tacloban city, Leyte province in central Philippines. Typhoon Haiyan, one of the most powerful storms on record, slammed into six central Philippine islands on Friday, leaving a wide swath of destruction and scores of people dead. AP/Toti Navales

MANILA, NOVEMBER 12, 2013 (PHILSTAR) By Camille Diola - (UPDATE 2) - Tacloban City was placed under a state of calamity on Monday amid incidents of looting following the devastation wrought by super typhoon "Yolanda" (Haiyan) in Leyte and several provinces in Visayas.

A state of calamity, provided for in Republic Act 10121, is a "condition involving mass casualty and/or major damages to property, disruption of means of livelihoods, roads and normal way of life of people in the affected areas as a result of the occurrence of natural or human-induced hazard."

President Aquino told reporters on Sunday night that a legal team of the government was already studying the possibility of declaring a state of emergency in Tacloban City.

Aquino was also urged to declare a martial law in typhoon-devastated areas as victims despoiled commercial establishments for their basic necessities.

There have also been reports of looting and trucks loaded with relief goods being attacked by unidentified men in other parts of Eastern Visayas that were also severely devastated by "Yolanda," the strongest recorded in history to make a landfall.

Observers described the situation in Tacloban and other areas hit by the super typhoon as "anarchic" amid scenes of destroyed homes, businesses and blocked streets akin to the apocalypse.

Aquino said a provision in the law creating the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) allows the national government to take over if the local government is unable to function during calamities.

Troops from the Philippine National Police and the Armed Forces of the Philippines have been deployed to parts of eastern and central Visayas to assist in restoring peace and order and in relief operations.

"So meron na tayong itinalagang mga 300 kapulisan at kasundaluhan na handang pumalit at ibalik ang kaayusan dito. Mamayang gabi, may darating na mga armored vehicle at saka ang ating Sandatahang Lakas para magpakita nga ng lakas ng estado at matigil iyong mga pasimuno nitong looting na ito." Aquino said Sunday.

More policemen and soldiers were deployed to Tacloban City and other areas on Monday.

PNP chief: 'We will flood Tacloban with policemen' By Dennis Carcamo (philstar.com) | Updated November 11, 2013 - 12:54pm 9 176 googleplus0 0

MANILA, Philippines - Philippine National Police chief Director General Alan Purisima on Monday said that the government will send a significant number of policemen to Tacloban to restore law and order in the typhoon-ravaged city.

"We will flood Tacloban City with policemen to restore law and order," Purisima said at a press briefing in the PNP headquarters in Camp Crame, Quezon City.

The PNP chief said that a total of 883 policemen, including members of the elite Special Action Force, have been deployed to areas in Tacloban City where there have been reports of widespread looting. "They are taking Tacloban City inch by inch and checking the areas of possible looting," he said.

Purisima said that the policemen were advised to exercise maximum tolerance because the government understands why the residents of Tacloban City have resorted to looting. "Nagkataon lang looting dahil nagugutom, so everybody practically were affected in that area," he said.

President Benigno Aquino III has declared a state of emergency in Tacloban City due to the incidents of looting following the devastation wrought by the typhoon in the capital city of Leyte province. The government will also impose a curfew of 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. to prevent more looting.

Millions of people have been displaced by the typhoon, particularly in provinces in Eastern Visayas, which was hardest-hit by the super typhoon.

Officials feared that the fatalities from the super typhoon could reach 10,000. The government has estimated that at least 4 million people were affected by the typhoon.

Deadliest, most destructive cyclones of the Philippines By Louis Bacani (philstar.com) | Updated November 11, 2013 - 1:02pm 32 188 googleplus2 34

This photo released by the Malacanang Photo Bureau shows an aerial view of Tacloban city, Leyte province in central Philippines Sunday, Nov. 10, 2013, after Typhoon Haiyan ravaged the region in the Philippines. Haiyan, one of the most powerful storms on record, slammed into several central Philippine islands on Friday, leaving a wide swath of destruction and hundreds of people dead. AP/Malacanang Photo Bureau, Ryan Lim

MANILA, Philippines - With thousands estimated to be dead in a single province alone, Super Typhoon "Yolanda" could be among the deadliest tropical cyclones to lash the country.

According to the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB), which cited data from state weather bureau PAGASA and typhoon2000.ph, the deadliest tropical cyclone to be recorded in Philippine history was "Uring," which ravaged the country in November 1991.

Uring (international name Thelma) was only a tropical storm with a highest wind speed of 95 kilometers per hour. But this tropical cyclone was able to kill 5,101 people and cost damage worth P1.04 billion.

The NSCB said the official death toll from Uring was even estimated to be at 8,000. "Missing persons were presumed dead, some [may be] devoured by sharks at Ormoc Bay and Camotes Sea."

Here are the other deadliest and most destructive typhoons to hit the Philippines before Yolanda:

Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

All rights reserved