SAN FERNANDO, PAMPANGA, MARCH 25, 2013 (PHILSTAR) By Ric Sapnu – Preparations are being made to accommodate some 50,000 spectators expected to troop to Barangay San Pedro Cutud here to witness the crucifixion of penitents on Good Friday.

“We are 100 percent prepared for the reenactment of the crucifixions here,” declared Marnie Castro, co-chairman of the “Maleldo” (Holy Week) committee.

Castro said nearby barangays Sta. Lucia and San Juan will also have crucifixions.

Before the crucifixions, thousands of penitents, called “magdarame” or flagellants, will parade the streets carrying wooden crosses and whipping their backs with bamboo sticks called “burilyos.”

At the end of their agonizing walk, some of the penitents will undergo actual crucifixions.

Many of the penitents undergo the annual ritual to atone for sins, pray for the sick or a better life and give thanks for what they believe were God-given miracles.

Some of them do it for their families while others do it as a commitment every Holy Week.

Each of the penitents interestingly has his own story to tell.

While the Catholic Church does not approve or allow these kind of acts, thousands of local and foreign pilgrims and spectators come to the province to witness the traditional “Via Crucis,” which is on its 51st year.

Castro said some 3,000 flagellants will participate in this annual tradition with at least 24 penitents to be nailed to the cross in the three barangays.

He said 52-year-old painter Ben Enaje will once more play the role of Jesus Christ.

This will be the 27th time Enaje will be nailed on the cross as he continues to thank God for surviving a fall from a three-story building he was painting many years ago.

San Fernando police chief Superintendent Ricardo David said they would deploy some 250 policemen, including some in civilian clothes, to secure the area.

David said they would also deploy K-9 units to the three villages to ensure the safety of spectators.

“We advise people who will go to the three villages not to wear expensive wrist watches, cellular phones or valuable things to prevent snatchers from doing their illegal activities in the area,” he said.

The reenactment of Christ’s crucifixion originated in 1955 with the staging of Via Crucis, the only Kapampangan piece on the passion of the Christ written by Ricardo Navarro.

It was first performed during the Holy Week in 1955 by volunteer artists of Barangay Pedro Cutud.

But it was only in 1962 that the villagers first witnessed an actual crucifixion during the play.


Palm Sunday: Balancing worship with mystery By Philip C. Tubeza Philippine Daily Inquirer 12:21 am | Sunday, March 24th, 2013

The euphoria won’t last.

Like the adulation of the crowds during the triumphal entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem, the euphoria over the election of Pope Francis might not last once he poses the “unsettling questions” raised against the Church on sexual morality and other “difficult” issues confronting modern society, a Church historian said yesterday.

Reflecting on the commemoration of Palm Sunday, Fr. Emil Quilatan, OAR, said the Catholic faithful would have to delve deeper into how they would respond to the Pope’s traditional teachings against artificial contraception, divorce, same-sex unions and other “unpopular” Church teachings after the adulation over his election fades away.

“The euphoria over the election of the new Pope will not last as we focus on the problems facing us today because we are always called to go back to our fidelity to God. We are called to be faithful,” Quilatan said in an interview.

“The Pope will be making statements that will be uncomfortable to us. How will we accept these teachings? He will pose unsettling questions and we should reflect on how we would respond,” he added.

Pope Francis has won worldwide praise for his simplicity and humility after he was elected the 266th successor of St. Peter and Supreme Pontiff of the Roman Catholic Church and its 1.2 billion followers.

Many admire him for breaking Vatican protocols and downplaying the trappings of power that have accumulated around the papacy in its evolution into an absolute monarchy over the centuries.

But Quilatan pointed out that Jesus also won praises when he made a triumphal entry into Jerusalem—which the Church commemorates today, Palm Sunday—but this would later lead into his crucifixion.

“They were singing praises during His entry into Jerusalem. But what happened after that? They crucified Him,” he said.

“The Church is not called to be popular. We, as Christians, are not called to be successful in this world. We are called to be faithful to God,” he added.

Prophetic role of Church

Quilatan noted that while Francis was known for his simple lifestyle when he was still archbishop of Buenos Aires—he ditched his chauffeured car to travel by bus or train to work and moved from the archbishop’s palace to a simple apartment where he cooked his own food—the Pope has held on to the Church’s more traditional teachings.

“He has maintained the Church’s teachings against artificial contraception, divorce and same sex marriage because these are not in accordance with the word of God,” Quilatan said.

He admitted that these teachings would not go down well as society becomes more secularized but added that the Church has a “prophetic role” to remind its flock.

“How should we react? How should we respond when the Pope reminds us that artificial contraception is not the solution to poverty?” Quilatan said.

“The truth hurts. It is unsettling, and it will make us uncomfortable but the Church has a prophetic role and should speak about these matters,” he added.

Quilatan also said Catholics should not just leave it up to the Pope to implement reforms in the Church.

“We are also called to be protagonists in our Church and not act as if we are mere bystanders since we are all called to help create the kingdom of God here on earth,” he said.

Individual conversion

Quilatan said the faithful could participate through individual conversion to holiness or actually living the teachings of the Gospels.

“As protagonists, we are called to make that fundamental option—are we for God or against God? We make that choice when we are faced by everyday situations. Are we going to cheat or not? Are we going to steal or not? Are we going to kill or not?” he said.

“Is Jesus just the Lord of my pocket? Some of us pray only when we receive the goods that we need,” he added.

‘Dynamic orthodoxy’

Quilatan said Pope Francis should not be described as a “progressive” but someone who exemplifies “dynamic orthodoxy.”

“He is not a progressive. What he is showing us is dynamic orthodoxy. He not only preaches the word of God but also actually applies it in his own life,” Quilatan said.

He also downplayed fears of traditionalists in the Church that Francis might do away with Pope Benedict XVI’s focus on restoring the “sense of the sacred” in how the Mass is celebrated.

“The liturgy is always in reform. Pope Francis is balancing worship with mystery. A religion without mystery is not a religion at all,” Quilatan said.

Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

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