BUSINESS HEADLINES THIS PAST WEEK...
(Mini Reads followed by Full Reports below)

PHILIPPINES IS 3rd LARGEST SMARTPHONE MARKET IN 2014 IN SOUTHEAST ASEA


The Philippines emerged as the third-largest smartphone market in Southeast Asia last year, with domestic brands like Cherry Mobile leading the way in terms of shipments, the global consultancy firm IDC said. IDC said in its statement that smartphone shipments to the Philippines increased 77.1 percent to 12.4 million units in 2014, behind Indonesia’s 25 million units and Thailand’s 16.5 million units. In terms of value, the Philippines was the fifth largest, with smartphones shipped estimated to be worth $1.67 billion, up 15.8 percent. IDC’s data showed that feature phones still comprised the bulk of the Philippine market but that lead was cut significantly in 2014. In numbers, the share of smartphone shipments in 2014 hit 47 percent from 24 percent in 2013, IDC noted. A key reason was the falling price of smartphones. IDC noted that $90 models accounted for more than half, or 58 percent, of all Philippine shipments in 2014. “The narrowing price gap between smartphones and feature phones made smartphones more palatable to budget-conscious Filipino consumers, leading to the faster adoption of smartphones in 2014 compared to previous years,” Jerome Dominguez, Market Analyst at IDC Philippines, said in the statement. CONTINUE READING...

ALSO: Using smartphones among Filipinos’ top daily activities


Over a tenth of a typical Filipino smartphone user’s time each day is spent staring at his mobile device.  Taking out of the equation the time spent sleeping, that figure rises to almost one-fifth of an average Filipino’s waking hours used staring at an Internet-connected mobile device. According to a new study released by Nielsen Philippines, Filipino users spend an average of 174 minutes each day online—nearly three hours—through their smartphones. At the same time, the international media and consumer research firm revealed that three out of four Filipinos who own smartphones now use them as their main access point to the Internet, pointing to the growing influence that these mobile devices have over online activities previously reserved for desktop and laptop computers. READ MORE...

ALSO PNoy brags to investors: "You ain"t seen nothing yet"; says, Philippines poised for even more success 
(Swiped at PH press for not trumpeting country's economic achievements)


President Benigno Aquino III addresses the 4th Euromoney Philippine Investment Forum at the Rigodon Ballroom of The Peninsula Manila in Makati City on Tuesday (March 24). The Forum was host to a by-invitation-only audience of over 500 business leaders, investors and policy makers. Gil Nartea / Malacañang Photo Bureau
MANILA, Philippines - "You ain't seen nothing yet." This was President Benigno Aquino III's message to investors on Tuesday as he boasted the country's economic growth under his watch, claiming that the best is yet to come. Speaking at the Euromoney Philippines Investment Forum in Makati, Aquino cited the economic achievements during his term including the country's new all-time record in foreign direct investments, improved global competitiveness rankings and the credit rating upgrades. "The tremendous amount of confidence the global community has developed for the Philippines is incredibly gratifying, especially considering that, not too long ago, we were known as the 'Sick Man of Asia'," Aquino said. READ MORE...

ALSO: SLEx extension to Quezon ready by 2019


58-KM SLEX-TR4 PROJECT President Aquino with San Miguel Corp. CEO Ramon Ang, also South Luzon Tollway chair, and Agriculture Secretary Proceso Alcala at the briefing in Tiaong, Quezon province, on the 58-kilometer, four-lane South Luzon Expressway-Toll Road 4 (SLEx-TR4) Project. The P13.1-billion road will extend from Sto. Tomas, Batangas province, to Lucena, Quezon. RYAN LIM/ MALACAÑANG PHOTO 
TIAONG, Quezon–President Aquino on Friday said that after several administrations, dating to the time of deposed President Marcos, a new highway linking Quezon province to the South Luzon Expressway (SLEx) would become a reality in 2019. He recalled that the expressway from Manila to Quezon was first planned during the Marcos regime and was approved during the administration of former President Fidel Ramos. The project broke ground during the term of President Arroyo. “This was promised during the time of Mr. Marcos, when I just completed grade school … and now during my administration, at last it will now be started,” the President told his audience during the briefing on the SLEx Toll Road 4 Project (TR4) that will link the expressway from Santo Tomas, Batangas, to Lucena City, Quezon’s capital. CONTINUE READING...

ALSO MMDA: Expect heavy traffic this summer


INQUIRER FILE PHOTO 
MANILA, Philippines—The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) has advised the public to brace for heavy traffic as three major roads in Metro Manila undergo major repairs this summer. During the Metro Manila Council meeting yesterday, MMDA Chair Francis Tolentino said the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) was scheduled to work on Ayala Bridge in Manila, the Magallanes Interchange in Makati City and parts of Edsa. The monthlong repair of Ayala Bridge will begin on March 21. Tolentino earlier said that the bridge would be raised by 1.75 meters to give more headroom to barges on the Pasig River and prevent these from hitting the structure’s posts. Among the major roads to be affected by the complete closure of the bridge are Quezon Boulevard, United Nations Avenue, Taft, Quirino, Legarda, Magsaysay, Recto and Roxas Boulevard.  During Holy Week, the DPWH will also continue reblocking parts of Edsa in Makati and Quezon City, including areas near Trinoma, Cubao, Guadalupe and Ayala.  Meanwhile, the Magallanes Interchange will be totally closed to vehicles for 12 days during summer for the second phase of its renovation. Maricar B. Brizuela  THIS IS THE FULL REPORT...

ALSO: Pacquiao now biggest Ph taxpayer


Pacquiao 
Boxing hero Manny Pacquiao, who faces his biggest fight against unbeaten American Floyd Mayweather, already holds top spot as the number one taxpayer in the Philippines, government records showed Saturday. A list of top individual tax-payers for 2013, posted on the Bureau of Internal Revenue website, put the boxer-turned-congressman at number one with 163.84 million pesos ($3.72 million) in taxes paid. This was about 64 percent higher than the second-highest taxpayer. Internal revenue chief Kim Henares confirmed that Pacquiao topped the list but stressed that he still had a case pending over alleged non-payment of taxes earlier. Although hailed as a national hero for his boxing feats, Pacquiao has run afoul of tax officials before and is embroiled in a dispute with the revenue bureau saying he owed at least 2.2 billion pesos in unpaid taxes for 2008 and 2009. “It (the case) is still ongoing. No, he has not settled. Being a top tax-payer... does not mean he paid the correct taxes. The two (issues) are not synonymous,” Henares said in a statement to AFP. READ MORE...

ALSO TRIBUNE EDITORIAL: Problem Noy, is opacity, not negativity


At the Euromoney business forum yesterday, Noynoy blamed media for the crisis of confidence now confronting him, saying that newspapers, and television and radio programs miss out on stories on several economic gains under his administration. He tried to depict himself as a victim of the vicious nitpicking media that see only the negative side of his administration. “I’m thankful to those who stay balanced and constructive,” Noynoy told an audience of among present were the biggest potential campaign contributors for 2016.  The Mamasapano tragedy weighs on Noynoy every day and the burden gets heavier as long as the public believes that he is holding back on the whole scope of his knowledge on what had really transpired during that fateful day of Jan. 25 which resulted in the death of 44 Special Action Force (SAF) commandos in their mission to capture or kill Malaysian terrorist Marwan and two Filipino cohorts.  The sentiment on the need for Noynoy to come clean about the incident transcends political color and is being sought by both his allies and opponents, more so the opposition since the apparent diversionary being launched from the Palace is to intensify the persecution of the opposition by charging them with all forms of irregularities using the machinery of government.  Noynoy added that removing negativism is a work in progress of his administration yet the only solution to avoiding adverse reports on him and his administration is transparency, which his term did not, and does not, provide.CONTINUE READING...


READ FULL MEDIA REPORTS HERE:

PH is 3rd largest smartphone market in 2014 in Southeast Asia—IDC

MANILA, MARCH 30, 2015 (INQUIRER) Miguel R. Camus @inquirerdotnet — The Philippines emerged as the third-largest smartphone market in Southeast Asia last year, with domestic brands like Cherry Mobile leading the way in terms of shipments, the global consultancy firm IDC said.

IDC said in its statement that smartphone shipments to the Philippines increased 77.1 percent to 12.4 million units in 2014, behind Indonesia’s 25 million units and Thailand’s 16.5 million units.

In terms of value, the Philippines was the fifth largest, with smartphones shipped estimated to be worth $1.67 billion, up 15.8 percent.

IDC’s data showed that feature phones still comprised the bulk of the Philippine market but that lead was cut significantly in 2014. In numbers, the share of smartphone shipments in 2014 hit 47 percent from 24 percent in 2013, IDC noted.

A key reason was the falling price of smartphones. IDC noted that $90 models accounted for more than half, or 58 percent, of all Philippine shipments in 2014.

“The narrowing price gap between smartphones and feature phones made smartphones more palatable to budget-conscious Filipino consumers, leading to the faster adoption of smartphones in 2014 compared to previous years,” Jerome Dominguez, Market Analyst at IDC Philippines, said in the statement.

CONTINUE READING...
“Catching up on the smartphone craze, the Philippines is now the third largest market for smartphones in Southeast Asia, coming after Indonesia and Thailand,” he added.

The Philippines is also the fourth country in Southeast Asia to ship more smartphones than feature phones, after Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand, IDC noted. The third quarter of 2014 was the first time in the Philippine market where smartphone shipments surpassed those of feature phones, marking the onset of a new era.

As noted, local vendors, which tend to be less expensive, cornered most of the domestic market. IDC’s data showed that Cherry Mobile accounted for 21.9 percent of Philippine smartphone shipments last year, followed by Samsung (13.3 percent), MyPhone (11.2 percent), Lenovo (6.5 percent) and Torque (4.8 percent).

Growth is expected to continue this year, IDC said.

Smartphone shipments are expected to grow 20 percent year-over-year. Feature phone shipments, on the other hand, are expected to decelerate by 20 percent this year as more vendors shift their focus to making smartphones.

IDC also expects smartphone prices to continue to go down as vendors further push the price limits for smartphones to the sub-P2,000, or $50, price level.


INQUIRER (EARLIER REPORT)

Using smartphones among Filipinos’ top daily activities Daxim L. Lucas
@inquirerdotnet Philippine Daily Inquirer 4:47 AM | Friday, December 12th, 2014

Over a tenth of a typical Filipino smartphone user’s time each day is spent staring at his mobile device.

Taking out of the equation the time spent sleeping, that figure rises to almost one-fifth of an average Filipino’s waking hours used staring at an Internet-connected mobile device.

According to a new study released by Nielsen Philippines, Filipino users spend an average of 174 minutes each day online—nearly three hours—through their smartphones.

At the same time, the international media and consumer research firm revealed that three out of four Filipinos who own smartphones now use them as their main access point to the Internet, pointing to the growing influence that these mobile devices have over online activities previously reserved for desktop and laptop computers.

READ MORE....
In its Evolving Digital Consumer report, Nielsen said that Filipino smartphone users’ digital lives revolved mainly around entertainment, which takes up an average of 78 minutes per day among local users.

The Nielsen study showed that the use of smartphone apps (tech shorthand for ‘applications’ or task-specific programs) took up an average of 56 minutes a day, while communications tasks on the smartphone consumed an average of 40 minutes a day.

“The media landscape is transforming exponentially with more consumers getting savvy and sophisticated with how they access content,” Nielsen Philippines executive director Carlo Santos said in a statement.

As such, companies seeking to do business with consumers were urged to recognize this growing trend.

“As we have more consumers connecting to the Internet with more frequency, with longer duration, and through various portable devices, marketers have to consider how to tap into this opportunity to engage with the evolving consumer,” he said.

Because Filipino users were partial toward entertainment-oriented activities on their smartphones, Nielsen said that the Google Play Store—an online marketplace from where various apps are sourced—had the largest overall reach of 90 percent among local users.

Filipinos spent an average of two minutes per day using this app.

But when it came to the time spent per app, Facebook remained on top of the heap with an overall reach of 89 percent and an average usage of 37 minutes per day per smartphone user.

Nielsen pointed out that mobile device ownership in the Philippines is showing sustained growth with smartphone ownership reaching 34 percent in 2014, or over a third of the local population.

This is more than double the ownership level registered in 2013, while tablet ownership is at 8 percent in 2014 compared to 5 percent last year.

Propelling the upsurge of smartphone ownership is the availability of more affordable handsets.

“In the Philippines, there are about 50 brands available in the market due to the penetration of manufacturers from China and India as well as the growing number of local brands,” Santos said. “The accessibility and affordability of mobile devices give more options for the consumers, including the younger set.”

In the report, 16-24 year olds continue to own the largest chunk of ownership from 33 percent last year to 39 percent in 2014.

The report also reveals that nine in 10 tablet owners used their devices at home, accessing the Internet through a wi-fi connection.

“While the homes used to be the turf of television, tablets and smartphones are swiftly encroaching on the territory,” Santos said. “To stay relevant to the consumers, TV and the brands that advertise in this medium must think beyond traditional programming and integrate digital strategies.”

As such, advertisers must now think differently when it comes to smartphone and tablet advertising.

“Effective engagement entails more than awareness of the brand,” Santos said. “Brands must thoroughly think about their digital strategies. Smartphone owners are a captive audience, spending an average of 174 minutes a day on their smartphones which makes smartphones a good channel to reach consumers. However, for consumers to pay attention to the ad, it has to be different from what they usually see.”


PHILSTAR

PNoy to investors: "You ain"t seen nothing yet"; Philippines poised for even more success By Louis Bacani (philstar.com) | Updated March 24, 2015 - 1:54pm


President Benigno Aquino III addresses the 4th Euromoney Philippine Investment Forum at the Rigodon Ballroom of The Peninsula Manila in Makati City on Tuesday (March 24). The Forum was host to a by-invitation-only audience of over 500 business leaders, investors and policy makers. Gil Nartea / Malacañang Photo Bureau

MANILA, Philippines - "You ain't seen nothing yet."

This was President Benigno Aquino III's message to investors on Tuesday as he boasted the country's economic growth under his watch, claiming that the best is yet to come.

Speaking at the Euromoney Philippines Investment Forum in Makati, Aquino cited the economic achievements during his term including the country's new all-time record in foreign direct investments, improved global competitiveness rankings and the credit rating upgrades.

"The tremendous amount of confidence the global community has developed for the Philippines is incredibly gratifying, especially considering that, not too long ago, we were known as the 'Sick Man of Asia'," Aquino said.

READ MORE...
"However, our administration remains hard at work so that we can maximize every opportunity available to us, and I think many of you will agree with me when I say: You ain't seen nothing yet," he added.

Aquino told investors that the country is "poised for even more success" and that "there is indeed much reason for optimism."

Despite the country's economic gains, Aquino said that the "limitless potential" of Filipinos has yet to be "sufficiently measured."

"I know that we have only scratched the surface.. To those who are here to take a closer look at the Philippines," Aquino said.

"I invite you: Bet on the Filipino people, and discover for yourself how it’s more fun and more profitable to do business in the Philippines," he continued.

In his speech, Aquino did not fail to take a swipe at the Philippine media for not trumpeting the country's economic achievements.

"There has been so much good news these past few years, and yet, this good news has often been relegated to the back pages of our broadsheets. I must admit: our campaign to change the mindset that negativism sells is still a work in progress," Aquino lamented.


INQUIRER

SLEx extension to Quezon ready by 2019 San Miguel to start project within a year Delfin T. Mallari Jr. @inquirerdotnet Inquirer Southern Luzon 12:13 AM | Tuesday, March 24th, 2015


58-KM SLEX-TR4 PROJECT President Aquino with San Miguel Corp. CEO Ramon Ang, also South Luzon Tollway chair, and Agriculture Secretary Proceso Alcala at the briefing in Tiaong, Quezon province, on the 58-kilometer, four-lane South Luzon Expressway-Toll Road 4 (SLEx-TR4) Project. The P13.1-billion road will extend from Sto. Tomas, Batangas province, to Lucena, Quezon. RYAN LIM/ MALACAÑANG PHOTO

TIAONG, Quezon–President Aquino on Friday said that after several administrations, dating to the time of deposed President Marcos, a new highway linking Quezon province to the South Luzon Expressway (SLEx) would become a reality in 2019.

He recalled that the expressway from Manila to Quezon was first planned during the Marcos regime and was approved during the administration of former President Fidel Ramos. The project broke ground during the term of President Arroyo.

“This was promised during the time of Mr. Marcos, when I just completed grade school … and now during my administration, at last it will now be started,” the President told his audience during the briefing on the SLEx Toll Road 4 Project (TR4) that will link the expressway from Santo Tomas, Batangas, to Lucena City, Quezon’s capital.

CONTINUE READING...
The P13.1 billion SLEx-TR4 project will make travel from Manila to Southern Tagalog provinces—particularly Batangas, Laguna and Quezon—and Bicol region faster and safer. Also, the four-lane, 58-kilometer expressway project will cut travel time between Sto. Tomas to Lucena to just an hour from the current four hours.

TR4 is divided into five sections: Sto. Tomas to Makban in Laguna (10.58 km); Makban to San Pablo City (12.2 km); San Pablo to Tiaong, Quezon (8.1 km); Tiaong to Candelaria, Quezon (14.4 km); Candelaria to Lucena City (12.3 km). It will have seven interchanges in Sto. Tomas, Makban, San Pablo City, Tiaong, Candelaria, Sariaya and Lucena City.

Ramon Ang, chair of South Luzon Tollway Corp., the project proponent and a unit of conglomerate San Miguel Corp., said they were targeting 2016 to complete the Sto. Tomas-Makban portion and 2019 to finish the whole project.

President Aquino said the TR4 project showed the private sector’s continued trust in his administration.

Mr. Aquino arrived here with Public Works Secretary Rogelio Singson, Transportation Secretary Joseph Emilio A. Abaya and Agriculture Secretary Proceso Alcala, a native of Quezon. The President was welcomed by provincial officials led by Gov. David Suarez and local government officials from Tiaong, Candelaria, Sariaya and Lucena City. Mr. Aquino was also welcomed by Quezon lawmakers Mark Enverga, Vicente Alcala, Aleta Suarez and Helen Tan.

Meantime, SMC is spending P168 billion for infrastructure projects, including “world-class” tollroads, over the next five years.

The company, which has expanded its traditional food and drinks portfolio to include expressways, airports and power plants, announced the plan as it released details on the extension of its SLEx project yesterday.

SMC operates SLEx as well as the Metro Manila Skyway and Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR) Tollway with Indonesia’s Citra Group. It also manages the Tarlac-Pangasinan-La Union Expressway north of Metro Manila. With a report from Miguel R. Camus


INQUIRER

MMDA: Expect heavy traffic this summer Philippine Daily Inquirer 4:04 AM | Thursday, March 12th, 2015


INQUIRER FILE PHOTO

MANILA, Philippines—The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) has advised the public to brace for heavy traffic as three major roads in Metro Manila undergo major repairs this summer.

During the Metro Manila Council meeting yesterday, MMDA Chair Francis Tolentino said the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) was scheduled to work on Ayala Bridge in Manila, the Magallanes Interchange in Makati City and parts of Edsa.

The monthlong repair of Ayala Bridge will begin on March 21. Tolentino earlier said that the bridge would be raised by 1.75 meters to give more headroom to barges on the Pasig River and prevent these from hitting the structure’s posts.

Among the major roads to be affected by the complete closure of the bridge are Quezon Boulevard, United Nations Avenue, Taft, Quirino, Legarda, Magsaysay, Recto and Roxas Boulevard.

During Holy Week, the DPWH will also continue reblocking parts of Edsa in Makati and Quezon City, including areas near Trinoma, Cubao, Guadalupe and Ayala.

Meanwhile, the Magallanes Interchange will be totally closed to vehicles for 12 days during summer for the second phase of its renovation. Maricar B. Brizuela


MANILA STANDARD

Pacquiao now biggest Ph taxpayer By AFP | Mar. 29, 2015 at 12:01am


Pacquiao

Boxing hero Manny Pacquiao, who faces his biggest fight against unbeaten American Floyd Mayweather, already holds top spot as the number one taxpayer in the Philippines, government records showed Saturday.

A list of top individual tax-payers for 2013, posted on the Bureau of Internal Revenue website, put the boxer-turned-congressman at number one with 163.84 million pesos ($3.72 million) in taxes paid.

This was about 64 percent higher than the second-highest taxpayer.

Internal revenue chief Kim Henares confirmed that Pacquiao topped the list but stressed that he still had a case pending over alleged non-payment of taxes earlier.

Although hailed as a national hero for his boxing feats, Pacquiao has run afoul of tax officials before and is embroiled in a dispute with the revenue bureau saying he owed at least 2.2 billion pesos in unpaid taxes for 2008 and 2009.

“It (the case) is still ongoing. No, he has not settled. Being a top tax-payer... does not mean he paid the correct taxes. The two (issues) are not synonymous,” Henares said in a statement to AFP.

READ MORE...
The boxer has previously insisted he paid the 2008 and 2009 taxes in the United States, so did not need to do so in the Philippines because the two countries have an agreement allowing their citizens to avoid double taxation.

The tax office alleges Pacquiao failed to provide documents proving his US payments and that he may still owe some money in the Philippines where there is a higher rate of taxation.

Pacquiao, 36, a champion in eight divisions, has parlayed his sports fame into a fortune in commercial endorsements, a showbiz career and even election to Congress.

This earned him a spot in Forbes magazine’s list as the 11th highest-paid athlete in 2014, although still behind his rival Mayweather who was number one on the list that year.

The two rivals for the crown of best boxer of their generation are due to meet in Las Vegas on May 2 in a match that is expected to shatter box office records.


TRIBUNE EDITORIAL

Problem Noy, is opacity, not negativity Written by Tribune Editorial Wednesday, 25 March 2015 00:00

At the Euromoney business forum yesterday, Noynoy blamed media for the crisis of confidence now confronting him, saying that newspapers, and television and radio programs miss out on stories on several economic gains under his administration.

He tried to depict himself as a victim of the vicious nitpicking media that see only the negative side of his administration.

“I’m thankful to those who stay balanced and constructive,” Noynoy told an audience of among present were the biggest potential campaign contributors for 2016.

The Mamasapano tragedy weighs on Noynoy every day and the burden gets heavier as long as the public believes that he is holding back on the whole scope of his knowledge on what had really transpired during that fateful day of Jan. 25 which resulted in the death of 44 Special Action Force (SAF) commandos in their mission to capture or kill Malaysian terrorist Marwan and two Filipino cohorts.

The sentiment on the need for Noynoy to come clean about the incident transcends political color and is being sought by both his allies and opponents, more so the opposition since the apparent diversionary being launched from the Palace is to intensify the persecution of the opposition by charging them with all forms of irregularities using the machinery of government.

Noynoy added that removing negativism is a work in progress of his administration yet the only solution to avoiding adverse reports on him and his administration is transparency, which his term did not, and does not, provide.

CONTINUE READING...
Media---excluding his yellow defenders, that he had included among his line up of enemies, whose elimination is his work in progress---only cater to the truth and their reports are about reality or the nearest thing to it, considering the different interests that try to influence daily what comes out as news.

The most powerful interest that tries to dictate what news should come out is the government and Malacañang in particular, considering the resources at its disposal. Most of the news stories are also the result of what the people in government say and the negatives are mostly the result of conflicting views among high officials when the truth is exposed about irregularities in government.

“The good and the beautiful” as the content of media outlets was the prescription from the dark ages of the nation, which only works under a dictatorial regime.

Noynoy has been tossing the blame around regarding the Mamasapano incident, from the police officials that lately included his man Friday, former Philippine National Police (PNP) chief Director General Alan Purisima, to the supposed rumor mongers whom Noynoy claims are part of an orchestrated campaign to topple his administration.

The negativity that Noynoy is so irritated about has nothing to do with media reports. It is all about his complete resistance to transparency.

The public, for instance, asks why, two months after the tragic Mamasapano bloodbath, the Palace continues to give piecemeal information on the involvement of Noynoy in it.

His Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) cohorts in the Bangsamoro substate deal are following his lead and have withheld, for a time, the full report on the Mamasapano incident, instead submitting the report first to Malaysia.

Noynoy and the MILF officials are also averse to being subjected to an investigation. It took a huge effort from the Senate, for instance, to “invite” a high ranking MILF official to the Mamasapano probe. Eventually, chief MILF negotiator Mohagher Iqbal was sent and was aided endlessly in the Senate inquiry on the Mamasapano incident by government negotiators.

The hunger for truth is what confronts Noynoy, which had become his scourge instead of what he calls negativism in media.

His paranoia about media appears to have been the outcome of his effort to stonewall and for him to go full blast on his total opacity.


Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

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