BUSINESS HEADLINES THIS PAST WEEK...

IN CHINA LAST WEEK:  AQUINO RAISES PH PROFILE AT APEC 

NOV 11 --PHOTO: Brunei’s Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah (left), Philippine President Benigno Aquino 3rd (center) and Russia’s President Vladimir Putin attend the Asia- Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) grouping for a “family photo” at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. AFP PHOTO THE Philippines earned plaudits for driving economic growth beyond expectations at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Chief Executive Officers’ Summit in Beijing on Monday while China and Japan held ice-breaking talks after years of animosity.READ FULL REPORT

ALSO: Chinese President Xi outlines four expected achievements of APEC meetings 

NOV 10 ---PHOTO: Chinese President Xi Jinping attends a group discussion during the APEC Business Advisory Council Dialogue With Leaders in Beijing, China, Nov. 10, 2014. (Xinhua/Liu Jiansheng) BEIJING, Nov. 10 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Monday outlined four expected achievements of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings held in China this year. The first achievement will be the launch of the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) process, which points out the direction for Asia-Pacific cooperation, Xi said when speaking at the dialogue between APEC leaders and representatives of the APEC Business Advisory Council. FULL REPORT BELOW

ALSO by Bloomberg columnist William Pesek: Xi’s dream calls for love, not money

PHOTO: Bloomberg's William Pesek --After two years of waxing poetic at home about a “China NOV 12 --Dream,” Xi Jinping wants to enchant the entire Asia region -- and is dangling $1.25 trillion to make sure he does. “China’s development will bring huge opportunities and benefits to the Asia-Pacific and the world, President Xi told business leaders in Beijing on Sunday. “We are willing to work with others to realize the Asia-Pacific Dream.”  So far, though, it seems Xi only wants to pay the region to realize that China has Asia’s back in ways that Barack Obama’s America and Shinzo Abe’s Japan can’t afford. That $1.25 trillion is the total in outbound investments China plans to make over the next 10 years. Beijing is also lavishing $40 billion to recreate the Silk Road to bolster trade with Europe. A $50 billion infrastructure fund will make the World Bank and Asian Development Bank look like archaic vestiges of a bygone geopolitical age. And China’s Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific is timed to rival the U.S.-led Trans-Pacific Partnership. READ FULL COLUMN...

ALSO: 14 supermarkets, grocery stores ordered to explain high Christmas Noche Buena food prices 

NOV 13 --Fourteen supermarkets and grocery stores were found to be selling Noche Buena products at prices higher than their suggested retail prices (SRPs), based on the latest monitoring activity of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). In a statement, the DTI said four supermarkets in Quezon City, namely Daily Supermarket in P. Tuazon; Mighty Mart in Project 8; Purity Supermarket in E. Rodriguez Sr.; and Supermart 2000 in T. Morato Avenue were issued show cause orders (SCOs), giving them five days to explain why they were selling such products at higher prices. Warning letters were, meanwhile, sent to 10 other grocery stores in Pasig City, San Juan, Caloocan, Valenzuela, and, Quezon City for selling Noche Buena goods at prices up to 50 centavos higher than what were listed in the SRP list. READ FULL REPORT...

(ALSO) OECD forecast: PH to lead growth rate in SE Asia

NOV 15 --PHOTO: In this photo taken Oct. 9, 2014, workers are working on one of about a hundred projects to control flooding in Metro Manila. The Philippines has the most favorable growth rate in Southeast Asia in the next five years, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said. AFP PHOTO/Jay DIRECTO MANILA, Philippines–The Philippines has the most favorable growth rate in Southeast Asia in the next five years, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said. The 2015 edition of the OECD Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India, which gave a rosy forecast of the Philippines, was issued during the three-day Asean Trade and Investment Summit at Nyapyitaw, Burma, the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) said in a statement. READ FULL REPORT...

ALSO: Ailing PAL, now under Tan, seeks a new investor to help buy more long-haul jets to expand destinations

NOV 15 --PHOTO: Philippines Airlines Boeing 777-300ER. CONTRIBUTED PHOTO MANILA, Philippines–Struggling Philippine Airlines said Friday it is looking for a new investor to help fund an expansion program that would see Asia’s oldest airline buying more long-haul jets. “I would prefer an airline with more destinations so we can expand our presence,” newly-installed president Jaime Bautista said. He added that the company may take another airline, or a company with interests in the aviation sector, as an equity partner. Under Philippine law a foreign airline may acquire up to 40 percent of a carrier like PAL, Bautista said, while stressing there were no ongoing talks at this point. READ FULL REPORT...

ALSO: Planting seeds of hope in the Cordilleras  

FEATURE REPORT: The terraces of the Cordilleras are a cultural heritage, built by decades of hard-working hands. Over time, however, lack of support and exposure has been major obstacles for the farming communities in this massive mountain range. READ FULL REPORT...


READ FULL REPORTS HERE:

Aquino raises PH profile at Apec


Brunei’s Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah (left), Philippine President Benigno Aquino 3rd (center) and Russia’s President Vladimir Putin attend the Asia- Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) grouping for a “family photo” at the Beijing National Aquatics Center. AFP PHOTO

MANILA, NOVEMBER 17, 2014 (MANILA TIMES) by JOEL M. SY EGCO SENIOR REPORTER AND CATHERINE VALENTE REPORTER - THE Philippines earned plaudits for driving economic growth beyond expectations at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Chief Executive Officers’ Summit in Beijing on Monday while China and Japan held ice-breaking talks after years of animosity.

President Benigno Aquino 3rd told the gathering that his Administration is inclined to remove tariff and non-tariff barriers in a systematic manner that will not disrupt economies, Malacañang spokesman Edwin Lacierda said.

Lacierda said Moody’s Corporation President and Chief Executive Officer Raymond McDaniel Jr. praised President Benigno Aquino 3rd’s economic stewardship that resulted in several ratings upgrades in a short time.

McDaniel, who met with Aquino, concurred with the Philippines’ strong economic outlook despite a slowing global economy, Lacierda said.

Angel Gurria, secretary general of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), also praised the Philippines’ economic performance.

Gurria told delegates that despite the challenging scenario of global economic uncertainty, Aquino has implemented policies that sustain the country’s competitiveness.

“But what about investment and innovation as a critical variable in terms of the policies necessary for our competitiveness? Now, I have to say here, President Aquino has done a great job in this score. Actually, it is very impressive. In doing business, the ranking went up just like a rocket. That’s doing very well,” he said.

Speaking during the APEC Chief Executive Officers’ Summit in Beijing, China, Aquino also said the Philippines is willing to introduce new incentives to entice more investments and improve the country’s competitiveness in light of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) economic integration next year.

The President said his administration is inclined to remove tariff and non-tariff barriers in a systematic manner that will not disrupt economies.

“At the end of the day, it is a review of all the current regulations, ensuring that there is a logical flow from that which we want to achieve and the means towards achieving that,” he said, stressing that achieving competitiveness means changes in the country’s policies and guidelines.

Aquino said his government aims to “level the playing field” for businesses.

For instance, he said, the Asean will begin integrating next year, and this means relaxing trade barriers.

Each member country, he explained, has varying degrees of advancement and members must try to accommodate each other’s needs and wants to the best degree for collective growth within the Asean, including their dialogue partners.

He underscored the need to review business laws and regulations so that the country could have a new economic direction.

The APEC summit tackles issues such as disaster preparedness and response; developing small, medium and micro enterprises; and advancement of good governance.


FROM THE BBC IN UK

Chinese President Xi outlines four expected achievements of APEC meetings


Chinese President Xi Jinping attends a group discussion during the APEC Business Advisory Council Dialogue With Leaders in Beijing, China, Nov. 10, 2014. (Xinhua/Liu Jiansheng)

BEIJING, Nov. 10 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping on Monday outlined four expected achievements of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meetings held in China this year.

The first achievement will be the launch of the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) process, which points out the direction for Asia-Pacific cooperation, Xi said when speaking at the dialogue between APEC leaders and representatives of the APEC Business Advisory Council.

The second achievement will be the issuance of a statement on the 25th anniversary of the APEC, which draws on past experience and sketches out the future vision, he told the gathering.

As the third achievement, the meetings will promote innovation, reforms and growth to seek new momentum for long-term development of the Asia-Pacific, he said.

Fourthly, a blueprint will be made to lay a solid foundation for all-round connectivity in the Asia-Pacific, said the Chinese president.

Noting that the Asia-Pacific faces both significant opportunities and various uncertainties, Xi urged the APEC to "add firewood to the fire of the Asia-Pacific and world economy."

China is wiling to work together with other APEC members for an inclusive and all-win partnership that features mutual trust and cooperation, he said.

Commenting on the FTAAP, Xi said it does not go against existing free trade arrangements, which are the potential pathways to realize the FTAAP goals.

The FTAAP can be the "aggregation" of existing free trade arrangements, and the aim of pushing forward the FTAAP process is to consolidate the regional integration and define long-term goals, the president noted.

He also hailed the moves of setting up the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, saying they will benefit all parties.

Speaking of the Chinese economy, Xi expressed confidence in finding balance between growth, restructuring, people's welfare and reforms to foster steady and long-term development of the economy.

"For China, the 'middle-income trap' will definitely be crossed. The key is when it will happen and how to move forward better after that," he said.

China will continue growing at a medium-high speed and improving the quality of its economy as the country steps up reforms, restructuring and innovation, the president stressed.


FROM THE MANILA STANDARD

China's President Xi’s dream calls for love, not money By Bloomberg | Nov. 12, 2014 at 12:01am


By Bloomberg's William Pesek

After two years of waxing poetic at home about a “China Dream,” Xi Jinping wants to enchant the entire Asia region -- and is dangling $1.25 trillion to make sure he does.

“China’s development will bring huge opportunities and benefits to the Asia-Pacific and the world, President Xi told business leaders in Beijing on Sunday. “We are willing to work with others to realize the Asia-Pacific Dream.”

So far, though, it seems Xi only wants to pay the region to realize that China has Asia’s back in ways that Barack Obama’s America and Shinzo Abe’s Japan can’t afford.

That $1.25 trillion is the total in outbound investments China plans to make over the next 10 years. Beijing is also lavishing $40 billion to recreate the Silk Road to bolster trade with Europe. A $50 billion infrastructure fund will make the World Bank and Asian Development Bank look like archaic vestiges of a bygone geopolitical age.

And China’s Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific is timed to rival the U.S.-led Trans-Pacific Partnership.

But Beijing’s financial charm offensive lacks one crucial element: love. Its $4 trillion of currency reserves and rapid growth buys China lots of attention and any meeting it wants -- just not the affectionate “soft power” it craves. This won’t come via spending or from China’s rising clout. It will come from actions worthy of a more mature, reasonable and civil global stakeholder.

Through trade and investment, China has been able to bind many emerging Asian economies to its own, explains Rajiv Biswas, chief Asia economist at IHS Global Insight in Singapore. But it has undermined its own efforts to establish Chinese leadership in Asia through “poorly managed, inward-looking political and military posturing.”

China is embroiled in territorial disputes with Vietnam, the Philippines and several other members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN (Japan, too, of course). These entanglements often do more harm than Beijing’s largess helps.

The same is true of Beijing’s moves to scrutinize foreign companies from Microsoft to Toyota, silence the international media and police cyberspace. China’s heavy-handed response to Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement hardly projects secure, confident power.

Genuine affection comes from acting in partnership with Asian neighbors, not buying their loyalty with the odd multi-billion-dollar dam, bridge, road or power grid. For years, China tossed money at unsavory regimes and looked the other way as environmental and labor protections were ignored. Yet if China wants to buttress its soft power, it should consider following the Japanese model.

No, huge infrastructure projects aren’t altruism. But Japan has long provided governments like India or Indonesia the money and technical expertise to upgrade their own infrastructure in ways that enrich local economies. That means using local materials and labor, as opposed to Beijing’s preference that countries import both from China. It surprised no one in August to hear Joko Widodo, then Indonesia’s President-elect, calling Japan “our largest partner” and urging more investment to ramp up a $46 billion bilateral trade relationship.

Since taking office in December 2012, Japanese Prime Minister Abe has visited all 10 ASEAN members. Last December, Japan pledged $20 billion in Southeast Asia investments over five years. Abe has since shifted billions in foreign-direct investment from China to Southeast Asia.

Before Xi can realize his Asia-Pacific Dream, he has to define it.

Even many of his 1.3 billion people are confused about what their domesticChina Dream entails. Does it refer to building a modern, prosperous, more egalitarian society? Is Xi suggesting his masses should harbor American-style aspirations like owning a home?

Or is it just a rhetorical device that contains more than a whiff of nationalism on the part of a leader fond of cribbing Mao Zedong speeches? No one can say for sure -- at least not yet.

Xi’s broader dream lacks both clarity and the toolkit necessary to win Asia’s love.

Much of emerging Asia may want China to lead regional economic development, but that can’t happen until Asia’s largest economy reconsiders its inward-looking political and military policies.


FROM THE INQUIRER

14 supermarkets, grocery stores ordered to explain high Christmas food prices Amy R. Remo @inquirerdotnet Philippine Daily Inquirer 7:02 PM | Thursday, November 13th, 2014

MANILA, Philippines—Fourteen supermarkets and grocery stores were found to be selling Noche Buena products at prices higher than their suggested retail prices (SRPs), based on the latest monitoring activity of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).

In a statement, the DTI said four supermarkets in Quezon City, namely Daily Supermarket in P. Tuazon; Mighty Mart in Project 8; Purity Supermarket in E. Rodriguez Sr.; and Supermart 2000 in T. Morato Avenue were issued show cause orders (SCOs), giving them five days to explain why they were selling such products at higher prices.

Warning letters were, meanwhile, sent to 10 other grocery stores in Pasig City, San Juan, Caloocan, Valenzuela, and, Quezon City for selling Noche Buena goods at prices up to 50 centavos higher than what were listed in the SRP list.

The goods being sold at higher prices included ham, spaghetti sauce, cheese, tomato sauce, fruit cocktail, cream, pasta (spaghetti), elbow and salad macaroni and mayonnaise.

Trade Undersecretary Victorio Mario A. Dimagiba said the DTI would continue to intensify its price and supply monitoring activities for Noche Buena products to warn retailers of the agency’s close watch on market movements, and at the same time, enjoin consumers to be vigilant in their purchases particularly this Christmas season.

“The DTI (seeks) the full cooperation of manufacturers, importers, distributors, wet markets, supermarkets, grocery stores, convenience stores, malls and other merchandise stores, through their associations, federations, organizations and groups to ensure stable prices and supply for Noche Buena products in the market,” Dimagiba said.

It was crucial, he added, for organizations to police their respective ranks to promote healthy competition and prevent violations of the Fair Trade laws such as the Republic Act 7394 or the Consumer Act of the Philippines; RA 7581 or Price Act; and RA 4901 or the Standards Law.

“We urge them to not only promote business for profit and growth but also to implement best practices for consumer protection,” Dimagiba said.

Meanwhile, the DTI also found that some brands of bottled water were being sold at “very high prices” at the NAIA Terminal 3 airport and various bus terminals within the National Capital Region, based on monitoring activities conducted last month.

The DTI disclosed that Nature’s Spring Drinking Water was the most common brand of bottled water that was sold above the SRP, reflecting a P3.10 to as much as P20.10 difference when compared with the SRPs. Other brands were Absolute, Summit, and Viva, which were being sold at P2 to P13 above the SRPs, the trade agency added.

According to Dimagiba, the DTI has already summoned the Philippine Spring Water Resources, Inc., manufacturer of Nature’s Spring Drinking Water, for a meeting last Monday to explain the findings of the price monitoring team.

Claugene M. Gener, key account specialist of Philippine Spring Water, was quoted by the DTI as saying that the company was not aware of their products being sold at higher prices. Gener had said that they would inform their retailers to adhere to the SRPs for bottled water.

“The DTI issued the SRPs for bottled water in February of this year, which already included the mark up for distributors and retailers. As such, there is no reason for them to sell bottled water at very high prices,” Dimagiba stressed.

“The responsibility of manufacturers does not stop with the production and distribution of goods in the market. They must also ensure that their retailers are complying with the SRPs that they themselves have determined,” he added.

Under Republic Act No. 7581 or the Price Act, penalties for illegal price manipulation such as profiteering included imprisonment of up to 15 years, and administrative fine of up to P1 million.


FROM THE INQUIRER

OECD forecast: PH to lead growth rate in SE Asia Philippine Daily Inquirer 5:27 AM | Friday, November 14th, 2014


In this photo taken Oct. 9, 2014, workers are working on one of about a hundred projects to control flooding in Metro Manila. The Philippines has the most favorable growth rate in Southeast Asia in the next five years, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development said. AFP PHOTO/Jay DIRECTO

MANILA, Philippines–The Philippines has the most favorable growth rate in Southeast Asia in the next five years, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said.

The 2015 edition of the OECD Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India, which gave a rosy forecast of the Philippines, was issued during the three-day Asean Trade and Investment Summit at Nyapyitaw, Burma, the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) said in a statement.

“This is the first time since the Outlook was first published in 2010 that the Philippines has the best growth forecast among the Asean-5 countries,” the DFA said.

According to the forecast, the Asean-5 economies—Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam—will “sustain their growth momentum in the medium term” from 2015 to 2019.

The growth in the region will be “led by the Philippines and Indonesia,” said OECD, an economic organization of 34 countries based in Paris.

The growth momentum for the 10 member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) remains “robust” and is expected to average at 5.6 percent in the next five years, the group said.

“Among the Asean-5 countries, the Philippines has the best growth perspective with an average growth forecast of 6.2 percent for 2015 to 2019,” the DFA said, citing the OECD outlook.

Growth forecasts for the other Asean-5 countries are 6.0 percent for Indonesia, 5.7 percent for Vietnam, 5.6 percent for Malaysia and 4.1 percent for Thailand. The growth forecast for China is 6.8 percent.

The OECD Economic Outlook is an annual publication on Asia’s economic growth, development and regional integration process. It also deals with relevant economic issues in China and India in order to fully reflect economic developments in the region.–Niña P. Calleja


FROM THE INQUIRER

Ailing PAL, under new management, seeks investor Agence France-Presse 9:21 PM | Friday, November 14th, 2014


Philippines Airlines Boeing 777-300ER. CONTRIBUTED PHOTO

MANILA, Philippines–Struggling Philippine Airlines said Friday it is looking for a new investor to help fund an expansion program that would see Asia’s oldest airline buying more long-haul jets.

“I would prefer an airline with more destinations so we can expand our presence,” newly-installed president Jaime Bautista said.

He added that the company may take another airline, or a company with interests in the aviation sector, as an equity partner.

Under Philippine law a foreign airline may acquire up to 40 percent of a carrier like PAL, Bautista said, while stressing there were no ongoing talks at this point.

“There are names we are looking at, but we are not at liberty to disclose (them) at this time,” he told a news conference.

Bautista said the carrier plans to buy long-haul planes over 10 years — either by converting a previous order for narrow-body aircraft from Airbus into bigger planes or taking up Boeing’s proposal to sell it 777 jets.

PAL is to open new local and international routes over the next three years, including Manila-New York from March 2015, he added.

After struggling with losses amid competition from budget carriers, high fuel costs and a labour dispute, PAL returned to profitability this year, posting a net profit of 1.49 billion pesos ($33 million) in the three months to June.

Lucio Tan, one of the Philippines’ richest men, named Bautista to lead the airline after regaining control of PAL in September, buying out San Miguel Corp’s 49 percent interest in the airline for a reported $1 billion.

Bautista said PAL is reviewing a massive refleeting program initiated by the previous management, which had ordered 64 planes from Airbus for more than $7 billion after San Miguel won management control of the airline in 2012.

The airline’s listed parent PAL Holdings disclosed last month it was “seriously studying” the possibility of deferring aircraft deliveries, complaining that “too many orders” had been made.

PAL will take delivery of 10 Airbus A321s this year and another 10 of the same model in 2016, Bautista said Friday.

Some of the 28 Airbus planes set for delivery after 2016 may be converted to long-haul jets, he said, without giving further details.

“We’ll have to study this very carefully. It’s easy to buy airplanes but difficult to dispose,” he added.

“We will take advantage of the refleeting program to improve our service, reboot costs and hopefully, become a profitable airline.”

PAL will now focus its European operations on its newly-opened London route and add more flights to Honolulu, while scaling down Middle East operations due to lower-than-projected demand, he said.

Its new fuel-efficient Airbus jets will allow PAL to compete better when Southeast Asian nations ease air traffic restrictions next year, he added.

The company will also be “more aggressive” domestically and may reopen its hub in Cebu, the commercial capital of the central Philippines, said Bautista.


FROM PHILSTAR

Planting seeds of hope in the Cordilleras (The Philippine Star) | Updated October 27, 2014 - 12:00am 0 87 googleplus0 1

MANILA, Philippines - The terraces of the Cordilleras are a cultural heritage, built by decades of hard-working hands. Over time, however, lack of support and exposure has been major obstacles for the farming communities in this massive mountain range.

“We saw an opportunity to help,” says Romeo Ong, CEO of Sunnywood Superfoods Corp.

It is not often that you see businesses claiming this phrase – and actually meaning it. But for the rice distributor and the Cordillera Heirloom Rice Project, this statement goes beyond just their mission and vision. It stands as a major core of their enterprise.

Sunnywood is a trailblazer in the distribution of branded and healthy whole grain rice hailing from various parts of the country, including the Cordilleras (brands include Harvester’s, Jordan Farms and Farmboy). In addition to their thrust of raising awareness about local and traditional rice, however, the company has also made a commitment to extend its blessings to others.

When asked about his reason behind this thrust, Ong says, “for us, we wanted to go beyond just business. We saw this opportunity 17 years ago when we worked with farmer-producers of organically grown, unpolished rice looking for a market.”

He continues, “we took this challenge and was fortunate enough to increase appreciation for healthy rice products while providing a steady source of income to the producers and cooperatives. ”

But Sunnywood didn’t stop there. After meeting at a conference in Italy, the rice distributor struck a partnership with the Cordillera Heirloom Rice Project to further extend its efforts.

Saving a heritage

Project founders Mary Hensley and Vicky Garcia dream of great things. A former Peace Corp volunteer and an experienced program planner and community organizer, the pair has built together a sustainable environment for farmers over the years.

Mary recalls how her story all started back in 1999 when she read about the collapse of the terraces in the country. She narrated: “It just broke my heart to think that in my lifetime, what was a very strong and vibrant culture was going to disappear. One of my memories for being a Peace Corp volunteer was for three times a day, for two years, I ate the most wonderful rice in the world.“

After 30 years of being away, Mary returned to the Philippines and founded the Cordillera Heirloom Rice Project with Vicky.

The perfect partnership

The project had one major hurdle — in order to make the partnership flourish, they needed to market the product in a wider scale. And this is where the partnership with Sunnywood was born.

By buying the heirloom rice for higher price margins, barangays in the Cordilleras were able to build a daycare center, purchase a generator, and a community jeepney. The pan-Cordilleran Rice Terraces Farmers’ Cooperative has so far consolidated a volume of 142 metric tons of native rice for commercial sales which totals P8.6 million in direct payment to farmers.

The art of rice

Rice varieties from the project are all cultivated using the traditional way of farming passed down through generations. The rice stalks, which are taller than the lowland varieties are all grown organically and handpicked individually during harvest. Once they are sent to distributors, they are assessed critically before the packaging to ensure their quality.

“We want to help in three ways: first, we market the rice to a wider audience; second, we help sustain the tradition and heritage of these communities; and third, we help them flourish as individuals and as a community,” Ong says.


Chief News Editor: Sol Jose Vanzi

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